Henry County police admitted that the mobile phone video didn’t convey “the level of resistance by Mr. Marrow while officers were arresting him, and the struggle officers encountered while trying to get control of the situation while Mr. Marrow was fighting with those officers.”The department claimed that the officers’ behavior was “within departmental policy.”However, Rose, on the other hand, violated the department’s rules on maltreatment and unnecessary force, according to Henry County Police. A Georgia officer was fired for choking ex-NFL player Desmond Marrow during an arrest in December.Officials announced the decision on Thursday, May 10 after an investigation conducted by internal affairs concluded that officer David Rose’s use of force was unnecessary, CBS reported.The in-car camera footage of the officer showed him saying he choked Marrow and that he purposely planned to leave the incident out of the report according to Henry County Police Chief Mark Amerman.The County’s District Attorney’s Office told USA TODAY that the obstruction of a law enforcement officer charge was dismissed against Marrow and the judge dropped the other felony charge of terrorist threats. The misdemeanor charges which includes reckless and aggressive driving remains under review.“We have reviewed the police reports, witness statements, 911 calls, audio and videos, as well as interviewed witnesses, and determined there is insufficient evidence to present any felony charges to a grand jury,” District Attorney Darius Pattillo said in a statement.Marrow posted the video of the incident from his phone on social media and the video instantly went viral. The former player is heard yelling,”I can’t breathe.”
Evonne Goolagong (left) and Peaches Bartkowicz at Wimbledon in 1970. Daily Express/Getty Images By Carl Bialik When Peaches Bartkowicz and Chris Evert put their left hands above their right hands to grip their tennis racquets, they were girls in grade school unknowingly defying tennis orthodoxy to hit backhands the way that felt most comfortable. Today, more than half a century later, a little girl who hit backhands without using both hands would be the one defying tennis orthodoxy. One-handed backhands have almost completely disappeared from women’s tennis. And that’s thanks in part to the success that Bartkowicz and Evert had with their two-handed backhands. More: Apple Podcasts | ESPN App | RSS | Embed The two-handed backhand’s dominance has continued: Its users have won 35 of the last 36 women’s major titles. Every woman in the top 10 and 48 of the top 50 use it. It’s also become the dominant backhand in men’s tennis, though with accomplished one-handed holdouts such as Roger Federer, Stan Wawrinka and Dominic Thiem. (Tennis-nerd note: Every player occasionally hits backhands with one hand, especially in defensive positions, either to slice the ball or when forced to take a hand off the racquet to reach the ball. What we’re talking about are how players hit the backhand when they have time to get to the ball and drive it offensively.)Bartkowicz and Evert hit their backhands with two hands because they felt just one didn’t give them enough strength. The two-hander took over pro tennis for similar reasons. Using their off hand on backhands lets players hit with additional power, which gives the ball more speed and spin, especially in concert with the latest racquet and string technology. The one-hander’s advantages — better feel for the ball, more equipped for wide reaches and low bounces, smoother transition to one-handed backhand volleys at net — count less in a game played rarely on low-bouncing, volley-friendly grass and usually contested behind the baseline.The two-handed backhand is especially valuable when returning serves, as the extra support helps to absorb and redirect powerful, high-bouncing shots. Tennis analyst Jeff Sackmann has shown that in men’s pro tennis, players with two-handed backhands get the return in play more often, and win the point more often when they do. Data collected through Sackmann’s crowdsourced Match Charting Project for the women’s game shows the same general trends: Players with two-handed backhands have more success returning serves than do players with one-handed backhands. It’s hard to reach firm conclusions because there are simply so few women hitting one-handed backhands.The dearth of top women using one-handed backhands may be the most compelling data point demonstrating the two-handed backhand’s dominance: If it weren’t the best option, more women would be hitting backhands with one hand. Tennis, like all sports, has its share of domineering coaches, but it is also primarily an individual and individualistic sport. Players command their own games and choose the shots and tactics that will win the most. That makes tennis a sport that breeds innovation, whether it’s among pros at a Slam or among two young girls who chose the backhand that best suited them. And if the one-handed backhand ever makes a comeback in women’s tennis, it might begin with a girl defying orthodoxy and taking one hand off the racquet.Emma Morgenstern contributed research.This is part of our new podcast series “Ahead Of Their Time,” profiling players and managers in various sports who were underappreciated in their era. In the latest installment in our documentary podcast series Ahead Of Their Time, we look at Bartkowicz and Evert, the innovators who brought the two-handed backhand to women’s tennis in a major way. Evert’s story is well-known: She rode her backhand, accuracy and focus to 18 Grand Slam singles titles. Bartkowicz’s is more obscure: After an extraordinary juniors career, she never reached a Grand Slam semifinal as a pro and played her last Slam soon after turning 22. But Bartkowicz’s backhand was ahead of her time. When she was just 12, a photo of her swinging with two hands at the Southern Girls Tennis Tournament appeared in the Louisville Courier-Journal. The caption began with the all-caps “TWO HANDS!” and called the shot a “baseball backhand.” When she won the 1965 U.S. Open girls title, The New York Times commended her “tremendous marksmanship” with that shot. By the time she closed out her junior career without a loss at the 1967 U.S. Open, the Philadelphia Inquirer called her “the foremost exponent of the two-handed backhand in women’s competition.”Evert is nearly six years younger than Bartkowicz and was unknown when Bartkowicz’s baseball backhand became famous. But Evert soon surpassed her older rival. She played her first Grand Slam at the 1971 U.S. Open — just two months after Bartkowicz played her last major at Wimbledon — and made the semifinals at age 16. In 1974, Evert won her first two Grand Slam titles, and the first two on record by a woman who hits a two-handed backhand. (A few notable men used two-handed backhands in the 1930s and 1940s, but the shot had mostly fallen back out of favor among men, too, when Bartkowicz and Evert were starting out.) By the time Evert won her last major, in 1986, her signature shot was tightening its grip in the sport, thanks also to its use by men’s champions Jimmy Connors and Bjorn Borg. And two years after Evert’s retirement, Monica Seles won three of four majors while using two hands on both backhands and forehands.By 2014, when The Economist tracked the decline of one-handed backhands in the pro game, just one woman with a one-handed backhand had won a major since 2008: Francesca Schiavone, at the 2010 French Open. Embed Code
Late-game drama built up in the bottom of the fifth inning Saturday afternoon at Buckeye Field, as Ohio State shortstop Alicia Herron came to the plate with two outs, the bases loaded and a run needed to extend the game, which Illinois led, 8-0, in the bottom of the fifth inning. But it was short-lived as Herron’s pop-up to center field was caught over the shoulder by sprinting Illinois second baseman Danielle Zymkowitz. The 8-0 score stood and OSU ended the game with three runners left on base. The run-rule victory gave Illinois the first win of the two-game series over the weekend and dropped the Buckeyes to 10-22 overall, 2-3 in the Big Ten. The Fighting Illini improved to 17-14, 4-1 in the Big Ten. “A lot of their runs came off of walks and home runs,” OSU pitcher Karisa Medrano said. “I wasn’t attacking the batters like I normally do.” Medrano gave up five earned runs in 2 2/3 innings Saturday afternoon on three hits. All five runs given up by Medrano came off the bat of Illinois left fielder Jessica Davis, who had a two-run home run in the first inning, followed by a three-run home run in her next at bat in the third inning. Davis was walked on four pitches in her third and final plate appearance. The Buckeyes couldn’t do any damage offensively either, as Illinois sophomore pitcher Pepper Gay gave up just two hits in the five-inning shutout. OSU freshman Melissa Rennie accounted for one those two hits, and said moving on is the only thing to do after a tough loss. “We’ve got to come out attacking like they do,” Rennie said. “Nothing you can do. Just got to get over it and move on.” Illinois completed the sweep of the Buckeyes with a 13-4 victory Sunday at Buckeye Field. The Buckeyes return to action for a series against Indiana at 2 p.m. and 4 p.m. Wednesday in Bloomington, Ind.
For the 95th consecutive year, The Game endures – as strong as it ever has. The Ohio State and Michigan football teams are prepping for their 109th meeting on Saturday at Ohio Stadium and the series, known to many simply as “The Game,” is far from stale. It’s a matter that’s as salient for first-year OSU coach Urban Meyer and players up and down his roster as it likely was for the renowned Buckeyes coaches and players of yesteryear. Recognized by the United States Congress as the greatest rivalry in sports, the OSU-UM rivalry dates back to 1897, and an air of hatred for “that team up north” still pervades the OSU football facilities. Letter “M’s” visible on campus signage were covered with red tape and the name of the state that borders Ohio to the north might as well have been a four-letter word for OSU players during Monday press conferences at the Woody Hayes Athletic Center. Media availability began with Meyer, who, with a glint in his eyes, recounted his memories of The Game by rattling off names like Bo Schembechler, Woody Hayes, Pete Johnson and Archie Griffin. Meyer recalled the OSU’s 1987 win at Michigan Stadium. It was the final game for Meyer’s mentor, former OSU coach Earle Bruce, who was informed of his firing prior to the contest. “I can tell you (about) walking into coach Bruce’s office right here,” said Meyer, who was an assistant on Bruce’s staff at the time of the incident. “I saw a bunch of coaches with their arms on the table, with their face in their arms, and tears and the whole deal. I was like the last guy to walk in, and he said that coach Bruce will no longer be the coach after this game … Just an incredible moment in Ohio State history.” OSU went to Ann Arbor, Mich., the following Saturday where Bruce’s Buckeyes defeated UM, 23-20. Bruce was carried off the field on the shoulders of his players. To understand how deep The Game still permeates the sporting culture at OSU in modern times, look no further than athletic director Gene Smith’s Monday press conference at the Fawcett Center. Smith was made available to discuss the University of Maryland’s move to the Big Ten Conference, and Smith found himself fielding questions about OSU’s current bowl ban and whether he could or should have administered a self-imposed ban during the 2011 season. His focus? Beating Michigan. Smith said he wasn’t worried about hypotheticals. In the midst of the historic addition of Maryland to the Big Ten, Smith said his aim was to help the Buckeyes beat the Wolverines. “I’m worried about making sure that we position our football staff, our student-athletes – everything we can to have the opportunity to beat that team up north,” Smith said. “That’s my mission right now.” The teams have taken turns dominating the rivalry for years at a time. From 2004-2009, OSU won six consecutive times. The Buckeyes also won in 2010, but the game was later vacated due to NCAA violations for which OSU is also currently serving an NCAA-imposed postseason ban. Those penalties came as a result of the “Tattoo-Gate” scandal in which players received extra impermissible benefits in exchange for OSU football memorabilia. OSU’s dominance in the mid-2000s caused some to forget about the rivalry, said Buckeyes senior wide receiver Taylor Rice. “To be honest, people felt like the rivalry was dying down because it had been so many years since they beat us,” Rice said. Both teams come into this year’s game ranked nationally, making the game relevant to both sides and the rest of the country. OSU enters this year’s grand finale with an unblemished, 11-0 record, which is complimented by the Associated Press‘ No. 4 ranking. The Buckeyes are also playing for the sixth undefeated season in program history and the first since 2002. UM didn’t quite fulfill expectations this season – it began its 2012 campaign with a 41-14 loss to then-No. 1-ranked Alabama in its opening game, followed by later losses to Notre Dame, America’s current No. 1-ranked team, and Nebraska. The Wolverines have managed to claw their way to an 8-3 overall record and the No. 20 ranking in the AP poll – they still have a meaningful bowl game to play for. The Buckeyes are coming off a loss in Ann Arbor last year, too. While frustrating for OSU, the defeat, Rice said, was for the good of the rivalry. “Honestly, I think that reality check helped us,” Rice said. “It let people know that this is a rivalry and there’s nothing like it. This game alone will make or break your season.” Several OSU players, and scores of Buckeyes before them, have echoed that sentiment – The Game is all that counts. In 2012, OSU players likened the OSU-UM game to “their Super Bowl” and “their national championship.” The superlatives change, but the message is consistent – The Game is still The Game, and it’s as strong as it’s ever been. “This is what it all comes down to – playing Michigan,” Rice said. “Winning or losing. This is what determines the outcome of our season … It’s been a great season but this is what really counts. This is what our season comes down to. This is our Super Bowl.” This year’s installment of The Game will is scheduled for a noon start at Ohio Stadium.
Ohio State wrestling coach Tom Ryan addresses his team after the Buckeyes’ practice on Oct. 20. Credit: Jeff Helfrich | Lantern ReporterThe television outside of Tom Ryan’s office is often set to ESPN. Inevitably, he walks by a lot of College Football Playoff talk on the sports network. And every time he hears it, he can only think of one thing — a college wrestling playoff. This idea has been more than a thought in the mind of Ohio State’s wrestling coach. Ryan has pushed for a stand-alone, dual-meet championship tournament in the NCAA, among other things. He’s even a member of the Blue Ribbon Task Force committee, which is dedicated to developing a long-term plan for NCAA wrestling. The Blue Ribbon Task Force includes members such as North Carolina State Athletic Director Debbie Yow, NCAA executive vice president of regulatory affairs Oliver Luck and Big 12 commissioner Bob Bowlsby. The task force was formed by the National Wrestling Coaches Association. “We’ve got some big dogs involved,” Ryan said. “And they all like the sport and they all see the value in wanting to move in this direction. And because they’re involved now, things can happen.”There is currently a proposal, unanimously approved by the committee, in the works that would change college wrestling to a one-semester sport that starts during December and would end about six weeks later than usual with a dual-meet tournament. The current individual championships would stay in March. The NCAA has yet to sign off on the proposal. Ryan’s reasoning for the change stems from the idea that dual meets are more fan-friendly than longer individual tournaments. He wants to attract more interest in his sport. “I think it’s spectator-friendly,” Ryan said. “An hour and a half, an hour and 45 minutes is way better than three days in a gym, or tournaments two days in a gym. I think it’s substantially more team-oriented. I think team sports are sports that our culture follows. I think it’s important for the sport of wrestling that we value the team aspect as much as the superstar aspect.”Ohio State has experience balancing individual success with team success. The Buckeyes won a team national championship in 2015 and their current roster is home to former individual national champions and an Olympic champion in heavyweight Kyle Snyder. Ryan said the proposed changes would place importance on more wrestlers in his program, due to the fact that dual-meet wins and losses would count more in preparation for a dual-meet tournament. “I think it would add more value to more people,” Ryan said. “Because, right now if you lose a dual meet, it doesn’t hurt your chance to win the national tournament. And because of that, you’re hesitant to put all your guys in when they may be banged up or not. So, because of that, it brings less value to your guys in the room.”Ryan said most of the opposition that the proposal faces involves the timing and scheduling of the hypothetical events. He said there also are differing viewpoints on how teams would be chosen for a dual-meet tournament and how many teams would be involved. The ability of wrestlers to maintain their peak performance for an entire season is also up for discussion. Redshirt senior Nathan Tomasello seemed to be all for the proposed changes. He placed value on the ability of dual meets to attract new, casual fans to the sport. “I think it’s important to make it more of a team sport and easier to follow,” Tomasello said. “If you don’t really know wrestling that well, it’s tough to follow how people get points at national tournaments.” Ryan said wrestling is one of the few collegiate sports that actually succeeds as a business model with ticket sales, and that gives the NCAA incentive to retool the sport and maximize profit. A dual meet at the Schottenstein Center between Ohio State and Penn State drew an attendance of 15,338 just last season. Ryan drew a comparison to Ohio State football fans tuning in to Saturday’s game between Penn State and Michigan because of a vested interest in the sport and the outcome of the game. That type of heightened interest is what he desires for the sport of wrestling. “We don’t have that in wrestling,” Ryan said. “And we need it. And until we get it, we’ll continue to be a sport that’s kind of status quo instead of one that’s thriving.”
Fanny Mendelssohn, the German pianist and composer For centuries, they have been the unsung talents of classical composing, overshadowed by men in their time and airbrushed from history ever since.Radio 3 is now seeking out “lost” female composers, commissioning orchestras and choirs to record their work so they can be played on the radio for the first time.The BBC station will launch a nationwide search by academics for little-known women in classical music, inviting people to identify music scores and manuscripts hidden away in their archives.Next year, a shortlist will be transcribed into legible sheet music, given to the BBC’s own orchestras and choirs to broadcast.The project was inspired by a concerted effort to play more music written by women on the station, as executives aimed to redress an overwhelming historic imbalance. Want the best of The Telegraph direct to your email and WhatsApp? Sign up to our free twice-daily Front Page newsletter and new audio briefings. We want to change the established canonEdwina Wolstencroft “This is an industry-wide problem. It is the historical issue for all kinds of women, who have been written out and ignored.“They might have been celebrated at their time, but when they died people lost interested in them.”Research published earlier this year indicated there may be around 6,000 little-known women composers whose works lie largely forgotten.Radio 3 has previously showcased works by Clara Schumann, Fanny Mendelssohn, Germaine Tailleferre, Barbara Strozzi, Ruth Crawford Seeger “There are a lot of works that haven’t been recorded. The score might be in a mess, there might be parts all over the place.“There’s a real job to do here researching where the best stuff is and managing to record it.“We can give listeners the chance to hear something they haven’t heard before, and in the end we’ll be giving them something better, more meaty to engage with and respond to.“They can discover things they hadn’t known, and I think our listeners like that.” But as they tried to compile playlists, they struggled to find enough music to fulfil their own mission.This weekend, the BBC will announce it is to work with the Art and Humanities Research Council to track down surviving works by female composers in an initiative it hopes will have a “long term effect on our musical landscape and the classical canon”.Edwina Wolstencroft, Radio 3 editor, said: “We want to change the established canon. We want to say women in history have always written music and are still writing it now.“We as the BBC have obviously got resources, we’re massive cultural patrons, we’ve got our own orchestras and choir. We thought what we need to do is join up and ask our own orchestras to make recordings for us. Alan Davey, controller of Radio 3 The BBC and AHRC will now ask academics to report to a special conference on January 25th, where a shortlist of composers will be chosen for recording.Alan Davey, controller of Radio 3, said the key to the project’s success would be when the new recordings were added to the mainstream classical radio playlist, rather than being viewed as a niche subject by virtue of them being written by women.“The key has to be that we’re playing good stuff that will be of interest,” he told the Telegraph. “It will be good stuff people will want to listen to, rather than ‘women’s music’ as it were.“Looking at diversity isn’t just about box ticking. If you allow and enable the good stuff to come out, you’ve got better art to present to the public and more interested and rounded view of whatever was happening at the time. Barbara Strozzi
Want the best of The Telegraph direct to your email and WhatsApp? Sign up to our free twice-daily Front Page newsletter and new audio briefings. A minute’s silence has been held at New Scotland Yard and in the House of Commons in memory of the victims of the Westminster terror attack.The silence was held at 9.33am, because 48-year-old Pc Keith Palmer – who was killed in the attack – had the shoulder number 933.At New Scotland Yard, prayers of thanksgiving were offered for the memory of Pc Palmer.Speaker John Bercow said: “Colleagues, in respectful memory of those who lost their lives in yesterday’s attack and of all of the casualties, we shall now observe a minute’s silence.”
Changes in sleep quality start as early as the mid-thirties, the review found – well before participants noticed a shift to an “early-to-bed-early-to-rise” schedule or reported waking more often in the night.And problems were worse in men. Those struggling with sleep problems should follow standard “sleep hygiene” advice, researchers said.This included avoiding coffee from late afternoon onwards, cutting out alcohol, and keeping a regular sleep diary to see what differences changes in habits could make.But they said none of the measures could stop the impact of age-related sleep changes, warning against reliance on sleeping pills, which sedate brains, rather than restoring youthful sleep patterns.Researchers said the problem had “flown under the radar” in much sleep research because older people were so used to being short of sleep. But electrical patterns in the brain and chemical markers of sleep deprivation were clear, they concluded.Prof Walker said more effort was needed to tacke the problem, because sleep deprivation takes such a toll on health.”Every one of the major diseases that are killing us in first-world nations -from diabetes to obesity to Alzheimer’s disease to cancer – all of those things now have strong causal links to a lack of sleep. And all of those diseases significantly increase in likelihood the older that we get, and especially in dementia,” he said.”Sleep decline is one of the most dramatic physiological changes that occurs as we age, yet that demonstrable change is not part of the health conversation today,” the sleep scientist said. It is a myth that people need less sleep as they get older – they just struggle to get it, new research suggests.The review by the University of California found that the ageing process restricts the abilty to produce deep restorative sleep, leaving middle aged and pensioners sleep-deprived – and at greater risk of illnesses, including Alzheimer’s disease.It is often said that people need less sleep after they hit middle age, with many older people rising earlier.But the research found that in fact, the quality of sleep older people received was dramatically lower, with brain scans showing disrupted electrical patterns, and changes which are associated with sleep deprivation.As the brain ages, the neurons and circuits in the area that regulate sleep slowly degrade, resulting in a decreased amount of deep sleep, experts said.This is particularly crucial because lack of such – non-REM (dreamless) sleep is associated with memory and cognition, and linked to conditions including Alzheimer’s disease and cancer.”Sleep changes with aging, but it doesn’t just change with aging; it can also start to explain aging itself,” said co-author Matthew Walker, who leads the Sleep and Neuroimaging Laboratory at the University of California, Berkeley.The review examined whether older people need less sleep, as had long been argued, or whether they are actually unable to generate sleep that they badly needed – before concluding that in fact, that sleep deprivation is a common side-effect of ageing.”The evidence seems to favor one side – older adults do not have a reduced sleep need, but instead, an impaired ability to generate sleep. The elderly therefore suffer from an unmet sleep need,” Prof Walker said. “We need to recognize the causal contribution of sleep disruption in the physical and mental deterioration that underlies aging and dementia. More attention needs to be paid to the diagnosis and treatment of sleep disturbance if we are going to extend healthspan, and not just lifespan.” Want the best of The Telegraph direct to your email and WhatsApp? Sign up to our free twice-daily Front Page newsletter and new audio briefings.
The public should ask the technician their age if they suspect them to be under 18. And when picking a barber’s or nail salon, she advises customers to look for stores with a regular payment system, where staff look happy and relaxed and have a good relationship with managers.The police hope members of the public will start raising the alarm by reporting it to 101 if they notice something suspicious. “There’s no harm in putting it through, and it all adds to intelligence,” she says. Jenny is a British national who lived in the UK legally and whose children were born and educated here. She initially came to police attention in 2014, when they found a teenage Vietnamese girl and suspected victim working with her at a different premises, but she wasn’t prosecuted until this year.”That’s indicative of the old system,” says Tucker. “The legislation in 2015 focused people’s minds and quite rightly pushed the agenda forward.” Even with the new legislation, it isn’t easy to prosecute human trafficking and forced labour. Tucker is pleased with the three convictions in the Bath case, but says there is more work to be done. The gang runs far wider and deeper than those two salons. Not only does it stretch across Scotland and the north east of England, it is also spans countries. “It’s huge. People are such an easy commodity to move around the country,” says Tucker. “The network goes across to Vietnam. And a lot of victims say they’ve come into the UK from France, so no doubt there are tentacles across Europe.”This is a pernicious, despicable crime designed to make money out of someone’s vulnerability. We need the public’s help.”The Prosecutors: Modern Day Slavery is available on BBC iPlayer She says the public should adopt a Think 25-style policy when making sure their manicure is ethical. If a nail bar worker looks like they are under-18, exploitation could be occurring.”Children should be in school until they are 16 and then there will be a period of training at college,” she says. “Certainly, they shouldn’t be working at a nail bar.” Is the price of your manicure too good to be true?Credit:Carlina Teteris/ Getty Images Contributor “If you’re in a barber’s and, when another customer arrives, a tired or disheveled barber comes downstairs to start working on them, there could be a problem,” says Tucker. “There are barber shops setting up now where people live above the shop and customers pay in cash. Owners are looking to exploit workers and make money.”While there is “no typical victim of slavery”, according to charity Unseen, gangs that run such outfits are known to have links with countries including Vietnam, Albania and Romania. The Vietnamese gangs are often associated with nail bars and cannabis farms. Funds from the drug trade are often laundered through the legitimate-seeming salons. The common theme, Tucker says, is how vulnerable victims are. “This was one of the most difficult cases I’ve worked on. But it was really rewarding to get the right result for people who are so indoctrinated and so vulnerable.” Tucker wants the public to help police identify victims of modern slaveryCredit:Jay Williams /Telegraph One of the difficulties in policing modern slavery is that, as with domestic abuse, victims are often emotionally – as well as financially – connected to their abusers. When Tucker removed the victims from Jenny’s care, they were upset and one burst into tears; all they had known in the UK was living and working with her. This form of Stockholm syndrome can be a barrier to prosecution, as victims are wary of sharing their stories, which are vital evidence. It was evident at first look that something wasn’t right with Bath’s Deluxe Nails. A stone’s throw from the historic Roman Baths, the salon was staffed by two young Vietnamese girls when Detective Inspector Charlotte Tucker entered on a February morning in 2016 with her colleagues from Avon and Somerset police. They were running a “day of action” in search of people who may have been the victim of modern slavery. The girls, who cannot be named for legal reasons, caught Tucker’s attention.They were doing two clients’ nails, under the supervision of an older, male member of staff. All the signs of modern slavery were there: they looked vulnerable, really tired and didn’t speak any English.”It was really obvious there was an issue,” says Tucker. “We had a stroke of luck as the proprietor wasn’t there when we arrived.” This gave them a small window in which to find out, through a translator, that at least one of the girls had arrived in the UK on the back of a lorry.Then salon manager Thu Huong Nguyen, known as Jenny, returned from dropping her 16-year-old daughter at school. She was polite and offered to help; but, thinking the police couldn’t understand, she turned to the girls and, in clipped Vietnamese, said, “Have you told them what I told them to tell you? Make sure you’re telling the police the right story.” “They don’t see themselves as victims and weren’t necessarily unhappy about how they were living,” says Tucker. “They were allowed to walk to the chemist and, on the way to work in Jenny’s car, they could have jumped out at traffic lights and run away.”But they couldn’t because they had nowhere to go. They relied on the organised crime group.” Jenny’s victims in fact ran away from foster care numerous times and back into the grip of their abusers. “They’re not locked away or in chains, but are hidden in plain sight,” says Tucker. “It’s incumbent on everyone using those services to try and spot the signs of modern slavery.”Tucker hopes her investigation, and others, will raise awareness of the problem. She urges people who use cheap services such as nail bars or car washes to stop and think, do the staff look frightened, tired or vulnerable? Can they speak any English? How old do they appear to be? “Cheap nail bars are everywhere, they’ve popped up on every high street,” she says. “If you think you’re getting a bargain, are only allowed to pay in cash and the staff can’t speak English, it’s probably too good to be true. I personally wouldn’t be getting my nails done there.” So began a two-year investigation that involved six police forces. including the National Crime Agency; 14 potential victims; visits to more than 280 businesses; and 97 arrests. At the beginning of this year, Jenny, 49, and two others became the first people to be prosecuted in the UK for modern slavery involving children. The case was followed in The Prosecutors, a BBC documentary series.”She had a 15-year-old daughter whom she had taken to school after helping her photocopy something for a project,” says Tucker. “Yet, it turned out, she had these similar-aged teen girls working 60-hour weeks with her for very little or no recompense.” Passed into law in 2015, the Modern Slavery Act covers forced or compulsory labour, sexual exploitation, domestic servitude, organ harvesting and human trafficking. The exact number of victims of such crimes in the UK is unclear, but the Home Office estimates as many as 13,000 people could be affected. Separate research from Freedom United, which includes new forms of slavery such as child drug-runners, suggests this number could, in fact, be 136,000.Victims may be put to work in nail salons, car washes, clothing factories, cannabis farms or the cleaning industry. An emerging area of concern is also traditional Turkish barber shops, where the growing male grooming industry has led to exploitation. Want the best of The Telegraph direct to your email and WhatsApp? Sign up to our free twice-daily Front Page newsletter and new audio briefings.
Professor David Starkey has said the best historians are older as you need to have loved and lost to understand the past.Speaking candidly about the death of his long-term partner for the first time, Prof Starkey told The Sunday Telegraph his loss has informed his understanding of historical figures.His new project is an exhibition on King Henry VIII as part of the renovations at Hever Castle in Kent, the former home of Anne Boleyn.“I think this exhibition shows what I have learned personally and professionally,” Prof Starkey, 73, said.Three years ago, Prof Starkey’s long term partner, James Brown died at the couple’s 18th Century manor house in Kent.Prof Starkey met Brown, a publisher and book designer, when he was lecturing at London School of Economics in the 1990s and the couple lived together for 21 years until Brown’s sudden death.“What I have done is used my own experience of mourning and of joy,” he said. “You take the dry facts of history and with memories in your own life, you realise how you should understand them.” Prof Starkey also acknowledges the importance of studying and adaptability, he said: “Historians live in two times, now and then. You have to inhabit what age you are working on.”He now admits that even his own early essays were not an extensive indication of history. He said: “When you begin as a historian you haven’t got an experience of life at all. You are just writing about past theories.”The new exhibition is housed in Hever Castle’s original Long Gallery, which has been underdone a £30,000 refurbishment for the purpose, excluding the acquisition of the eighteen portraits.It sees the original portraits hung in chronological order to depict the dynastic saga from the Wars of the Roses to the Reformation.Prof Starkey has recorded an audio guide to reflect how the gallery was intended for teaching young Prince Edward, who went on to be King Edward VI.Ending with a grand image of the Henry VIII, the gallery also holds portraits of the first two of Henry’s six wives, Catherine of Aragon and Anne Boleyn.Prof Starkey hopes the exhibition will help shine a new light on Henry VIII’s treatment of his wives, calling him a romantic.“Henry displays unusual sensitivity towards women,” he added. “He is tender, caring and he was the first person to familiarise female succession. He takes women seriously. He gave them agency as they say.” Hever Castle, the childhood home of Anne BoleynCredit:Geoff Pugh He added that his experiences help him think in new ways, saying: “When you have loved a bit, lived a bit and lost a bit, you think deeper.” Want the best of The Telegraph direct to your email and WhatsApp? Sign up to our free twice-daily Front Page newsletter and new audio briefings. He added: “Henry has a very unusual upbringing. His older brother Arthur was sent to English public school and hardly ever saw his own mother. Henry is brought up with his mother and sisters until he is 13.“He was worshiped, his whole life he has a need for women. Even when he didn’t have a queen, he kept women around.“We can see him as a murdering monster with many wives but he was different. This forces us to think about the complications of his character. On the one hand he really is quite monstrous but he did give women power like this for the first time.In his poetry, there is a line that says ‘I loved when I did marry’.“
“The date of the wedding was known eight months ago so it’s strange Camilla organised her house party this weekend.”A source close to the couple denied there was any ill-feeling, saying: “They get on very well, the couple has no issue with it – they have known about the diary clash for some time.”They added that Prince Charles and the Duchess of Cornwall “host events every day throughout this period every year.” The Duke and Duchess of SussexCredit:AFP 9:03AMThe real reason why Camilla is not attending 8:16AMThe bridal party Cara Delevingne arrives in a pedal pusher trouser suit and a top hat.Comic and actor Stephen Fry wore a brightly coloured waistcoat with his morning suit and was followed by socialite Tamara Beckwith. Guests who have arrived inside the chapel include comedian Jimmy Carr who fiddled with his cuff links as he surveyed the congregation from the side. They said it would not be a patch on Harry and Meghan’s nuptials but in the end love won the day at #Royal Wedding2.It may have garnered negative headlines in the build-up, but the chemistry and genuine affection between Princess Eugenie and Jack Brooksbank appeared to capture hearts in Windsor.Even Fergie – once branded a royal outcast, was welcomed back into the Windsor fold for what turned out to be very much a family affair.And again it was the next generation of monarchy – complete with Their Royal Cutenesses Prince George and Princess Charlotte – who stole the show.With a smattering of stardust, the pomp and ceremony of quick carriage ride and a Bond style departure in an Aston Martin, the royals once again reminded us that when it comes to celebrating the quintessential Britishness of a regal occasion, nobody does it better. 4:29PMJack’s bar Writer F Scott Fitzgerald’s famous character Jay Gatsby has a special place in Princess Eugenie’s relationship with her husband Jack Brooksbank, the Dean of Windsor has revealed.A passage from the American author’s book, The Great Gatsby, was read by Princess Beatrice at the couple’s wedding – describing the smile of the central character, a fictitious embodiment of America’s jazz age.Eugenie had read the book soon after meeting Mr Brooksbank on the ski slopes of Verbier in Switzerland in 2010, and immediately thought of her newfound love.David Conner, Dean of Windsor, said in his address to the wedding service congregation: “The words that particularly reminded her of Jack concern Gatsby’s smile.”As we heard from the reading ‘It was one of those rare smiles with a quality of eternal reassurance in it … it concentrated on you with an irresistible prejudice in your favour’.”Well, a few years have passed and Eugenie and Jack come here today to smile on each other, and to offer each other something like ‘eternal reassurance’ and the promise of an ‘irresistible prejudice’ in each other’s favour.” A star-studded gallery, which included Demi Moore, Kate Moss, Robbie Williams and Naomi Campbell, were treated to a reading from Princess Beatrice of York from The Great Gatsby.The guests will prepare for the evening reception – believed to be at the York family home, Royal Lodge in Windsor Great Park, with celebrations set to continue into the evening.Eugenie, 28, younger daughter of the queen’s third child Prince Andrew and his ex-wife Sarah Ferguson, the Duchess of York, exchanged vows with Mr Brooksbank, a 32-year-old drinks executive, at Windsor Castle.The ninth-in-line to the throne is following in the footsteps of the Duke and Duchess of Sussex, who also chose the venue for their wedding in May. She added: “It was almost like the sort of behaviour you see at the party when somebody you don’t want to see walks in.”Despite their apparent reservations, there seemed to be few hard feelings between the two.Ms James continued: “She got quite the look from Philip, he smiled at her at least twice, almost as if he had planned to greet her warmly. That was quite a big step for the Duke of Edinburgh.”However, Ms James said the duchess may not have even been aware of the interaction.She said: “The Duchess of York was sat in front of Philip, so unless she had eyes in the back of her head, she wouldn’t have known.”She probably didn’t want to take the risk of turning round.”However, they weren’t the only ones with prominent body language on display.Ms James noted that “it was fascinating that William and Kate were holding hands”. Harry’s former girlfriend Chelsy Davy was chatting and mingling with friends to the side of the chapel before most guests took their seats.Guests seated in the nave were able to watch the 17-member orchestra and also see the readings as they were delivered from the organ screen.This meant guests in the nave at Eugenie’s wedding could see more and in turn may have felt more involved than they did at Harry’s nuptials.Family and friends of the couple, many of whom were attending their second royal wedding of 2018, were greeted with autumnal flowers on arrival at the 15th-century Gothic chapel.The displays created by Rob Van Helden had shades of oranges, reds and purples. The Duke and Duchess of Sussex were also spotted having a quiet word about the seating arrangement.And as bridesmaid Princess Charlotte simply waved to adoring crowds from a car, Robbie Williams’ daughter Teddy, sitting in front of her, repeatedly shouted “hello!”, Ms Lannin added.The gaggle of youngsters in the bridal party had a few minutes to wait before the bride arrived, and were kept in check by the Cambridges’ nanny.Last week, Brooksbank, 32, admitted being “terrified” ahead of the wedding to 28-year-old Eugenie.He told Daily Mail diarist Sebastian Shakespeare: “I’ll need to take a few minutes for myself before the speeches because I’m terrified.”It’s very exciting but I’m a little bit nervous.” The tiara is made of brilliant and rose cut diamonds pavé set in platinum, with six emeralds on either side. The tiara was bequeathed by Mrs Greville to Queen Elizabeth in 1942.Princess Eugenie is wearing diamond and emerald drop earrings which are a Wedding gift from the Groom.Wedding shoesThe Wedding shoes are satin peep-toe heels by Charlotte Olympia.The bride’s bouquetThe Wedding bouquet, created by floral designer Rob Van Helden’s sister, Patrice Van Helden Oakes, consists of Lily of the Valley, Stephanotis pips, hints of baby blue thistles, white spray roses and trailing ivy.Sprigs of myrtle from Osbourne House are also included in the bouquet. The tradition of carrying myrtle began after Queen Victoria was given a nosegay containing myrtle by Prince Albert’s grandmother during a visit to Gotha in Germany. In the same year, Queen Victoria and Prince Albert bought Osborne House as a family retreat, and a sprig from the posy was planted against the terrace walls, where it continues to thrive today. The myrtle was first carried by Queen Victoria’s eldest daughter, Princess Victoria, when she married in 1858.Bridal hair and make-upPrincess Eugenie’s hair was styled by Sonny-Jo MacFarlane, Hari’s, with make-up by Hannah Martin, Bobbi Brown.Maid of honourPrincess Beatrice is wearing an outfit by Ralph and Russo and a hat by Sarah Cant. Bridesmaids’ dresses and page boys’ uniformsThese were designed by Amaia Arrieta of Amaia Kids. The design incorporates the Mark Bradford artwork included in the Order of Service.Bridesmaids’ flowersThe Bridesmaids’ flowers are by Rob Van Helden and reflect the design of the Bridal bouquet. The Bridesmaids each have posies of Lily of the Valley and spray roses.Special attendantLady Louise Mountbatten-Windsor is wearing a dress by Claudie Pierlot and hat by Emily London.Mother of the bride’s dressSarah, Duchess of York is wearing a dress designed by local Windsor company Emma Louise Design, with a vintage Manolo Blahnik bag. The bag was carried by Susan Barrantes at the Wedding of The Duke and Duchess of York in 1986. When the Duke and Duchess of Sussex got married in Windsor in May, the hotels rooms and B&Bs of the town were booked up months ahead at a premium, as homeowners cashed in on their castle views to advertise rooms for thousands of pounds.Anyone who missed out on seeing the Royal Family in all its glory might well have cashed in today, because at the beginning of the week, there were still plenty of room at the inn for the wedding of Princess Eugenie and Jack Brooksbank.Hotels in Windsor still have rooms available for the night of the wedding, with several appearing to have dropped their prices in the days leading up to the ceremony to entice tourists to stay overnight.AirBnB has rooms from £40, while the Harte and Garter, the pub hotel directly in front of the castle which was overrun by international media in May, still has rooms at £79 for Friday and Saturday, cheaper than any other night it offers until March 2019.On Thursday, TripAdvisor was advertising 49 available properties in Windsor and its surrounding areas, with prices from just £70 and availability from the Travelodge to the Sir Christopher Wren Hotel and Spa, which has slashed its price from £200-a-night to £162. 5:15PMStars reveal their royal wedding experiences on social media Prince Philip and the the Queen have arrived at the royal wedding. 10:45AMBridesmaids and pageboys arrive The low back feature on the dress was at the specific request of Princess Eugenie who had surgery aged 12 to correct scoliosis.The fabricThe fabric was designed by Mr Pilotto and Mr De Vos at their studio in East London and includes a number of symbols that are meaningful to Princess Eugenie as motifs.The symbols are a Thistle for Scotland acknowledging the couple’s fondness for Balmoral; a Shamrock for Ireland as a reflection of the Bride’s maternal family; the York Rose; and ivy representing the couple’s home.Peter Pilotto and Christopher De Vos have reinterpreted these symbols in a garland of rope like motifs, woven into a jacquard of silk, cotton and viscose blend.Once the artwork was completed, it was translated into a jacquard weave in the Como region of Italy. The result is a very modern looking fabric using a highly intricate weaving technique.Jewellery Princess Eugenie is wearing the Greville Emerald Kokoshnik Tiara, lent to her by Her Majesty The Queen. The tiara was made by Boucheron for Mrs Greville in 1919 in the fashionable ‘kokoshnik’ style popularised in the Russian Imperial Court. 9:58AMDemi Moore and Naomi Campbell arrive Prince Philip walks towards Sarah, Duchess of YorkCredit:AFP The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge, normally reserved when it comes to public displays of affection, were seen holding hands in St George’s Chapel – a tactile display that could be down to the recent arrival of Prince Louis.”The couple are clearly very in love, but normally not very keen to show it,” the expert said.She explained: “Children can be a bit of a challenge, but sometimes, three children in, when couples have a bit more experience, it can take them back to their honeymoon period.”Today they looked besotted with one another.”It was almost the most stunning moment of the wedding for some people.” “Eugenie is lovely. She doesn’t steal the limelight like some, she’s very low key, and she seems genuinely happy with Jack.” For the locals gathered this morning it is the second time in six months that their town has been taken over by the world’s media for a royal wedding. They’re claiming Eugenie for one of their own. “She went to school at the end of my road!” says 9 year old Ava, who is hoping her mum might let her skip school this morning to watch the carriage procession. Terry “the flag man” Hutt is also here this morning, one of the dedicated fans who camped out overnight. “I slept in my sleeping bag overnight with about 14 others. I love Eugenie but Fergie is particularly special to me. She breathed life into the royal family back in the day. I think she’s wonderful.” “She does have to take a deep breath before these occasions,” said the source. “She’s avoided major royal events in the past and it wasn’t easy for her to go to Harry and Meghan’s wedding.”The Duke and Duchess of Sussex are expected to attend the wedding – in a much more relaxed capacity than their previous trip to Windsor, no doubt – before their 20-day trip abroad, which begins on October 16. On their itinerary is Sydney for the Invictus Games, Fiji and New Zealand.The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge are also expected to attend; however Prince Louis, who was less than a month old by the time of Prince Harry’s wedding and was not present, is likely to be cared for by a nanny close by.Other royal relatives are likely to include The Duke and Duchess of Gloucester and Kent, Prince and Princess Michael of Kent, and the Duke and Duchess of Gloucester – all of whom are neighbours of the engaged couple at Kensington Palace. The Princess Royal, the Queen’s granddaughter Zara Tindall and her husband Mark Tindall are also expected to be on the guest list.It is not yet confirmed whether any members of other royal families from around the world will attend the ceremony.Mr Brooksbank is the son of George Brooksbank, a 68 year-old chartered accountant and company director, and his wife Nicola, 64, both of whom are expected to play a central role in the wedding. Meanwhile, a wedding with 850 guests meant that hundreds of women were showcasing the height of fashion, resulting in a dizzying array of hats an fascinators to admire, or otherwise.As ladies were choosing head wear for the big day, some may have recalled the infamous hat dubbed a turkey twizzler that Princess Beatrice wore to William and Kate’s wedding.Standout fascinators included Poppy Delevingne’s blue feathered piece which could be seen rising above the congregation from the back of the chapel, and a yellow netted piece adorned with small balls of coloured fluff.One woman matched her red headpiece with red-framed sunglasses which she kept on as she made her way through the church, and another man in the congregation also sported sunglasses before the service began.Popular culture was not just reflected in the selected guests, but was woven into the ceremony itself through music, literature and art.There was Andrea Bocelli’s spine-tingling rendition of Ave Maria, a reading of an extract taken from The Great Gatsby, and an image of abstract art called Here by Mark Bradford printed on the Order of Service.The atmosphere created by one of Bocelli’s performances during the ceremony was interrupted at one point by the ringing of a mobile phone.The inclusion of the artwork was likely a nod to Eugenie’s love of art and her job as a director at the contemporary art gallery Hauser & Wirth in London.The evening festivities at the York family home may well draw inspiration from the groom’s job as brand ambassador at Casamigos tequila. Princess BeatriceCredit:Reuters Dr Anthony Wallersteiner, who has been headmaster of Stowe School for the past 16 years, told The Telegraph: “Jack is very kind, very caring. He was a prefect and head of house and he was very good with the younger children, those who were a bit lonely and homesick.“He’s a very talented tennis player and an all round great athlete. He played in the Coldstream Cup, a CCF competition that requires a lot of grit and determination.“I found his headmaster’s report for the year he left in 2004 and it read: “He has the making of an exceptional leader, he is naturally calm and generous. He will be a real asset in all areas of his future life. Cara Delevigne Derek Blasberg Pixie Geldof is leading the way in a fuchsia cape dress but we’ve also noted Emma Joy Kitchener, wife of Julian Fellowes in a hot pink coat dress. The groom Jack Brooksbank arrived in a Rolls Royce for his wedding day. Wisely deciding not to wear a hat, he chatted at the bottom of the steps where he will kiss his bride later today before walking up to the castle. He waved at well-wishers behind him. Just a couple of seats down from Carr was Livin’ la Vida Loca singer Ricky Martin, sitting next to his partner Jwan Yosef.On the other side of the aisle, pop star Ellie Goulding and her fiance Caspar Jopling sat next to one another.The Burn singer could be seen glancing around the growing congregation and chatting to Jopling before the service started.A guest rushed up to Goulding at one point and kissed her on both cheeks before moving off to take her own seat. Pixie Geldolf 1:41PMGroom was ‘perfect head of house’, says his old headteacher It was revealed earlier this week that the Duchess of Cornwall will not attend Princess Eugenie’s wedding, the only senior member of the royal family to miss the celebrations, reports Camilla Tominey. Clarence House has said Camilla had a “previous commitment” attending a local school harvest festival near Birkhall, Charles’s home at Balmoral. Two other jobs were also announced this week.The alleged “snub” will fuel rumours that there is a royal rift at the heart of the monarchy. Prince Charles’s wife Camilla and Sarah Ferguson have never seen eye to eye because of Fergie’s loyalty to Princess Diana, while there is also tension between the Prince of Wales and his younger brother Prince Andrew, often referred to as the Queen’s favourite son.But there is another reason why Camilla cannot make the wedding, The Telegraph can reveal.Sources have told this paper Camilla is not going to the Friday nuptials at Windsor Castle because she is also hosting a shooting party at her Scottish home this weekend.An insider said: “The truth is that Camilla has a house party for a few friends.“They are arriving on Friday and will be there over the weekend. 6:33PMPhilip took ‘big step’ towards reconciliation with Fergie Chelsy Davy, left, arrives for the wedding of Princess Eugenie of York and Jack BrooksbankCredit:PA Robbie Williams got a cheer from the crowds when he arrived in a limousine and waved back.Meanwhile, singers James Blunt and Ellie Goulding arrived at the wedding in the same coach.You’re Beautiful singer Blunt was accompanied by his wife Sofia Wellesley.Livin’ La Vida Loca singer Ricky Martin is also there. Ms Thorp said: “I was here for Harry and Meghan’s wedding. I never want to miss out on a royal occasion so I made a special effort to get here. “We both believe that we’re never going to see another royal wedding in our lifetime. It’s a chance to experience history- to be honest I don’t think the English get the side of it. “The royals have such sense of their duty and I’m here to celebrate that.”Claire Carson, 54, a self described royal fanatic who has attended every wedding since Charles and Diana and even slept on the street to catch the occasion in 1981 said: “I think Eugenie’s dress is elegant and classy. The shape of her tiara perfectly matched her dress, it suits here to a ‘t’. “It really reminded me of something Grace Kelly would have worn. I think Jack looked nervous, but he looked really good. “I think anyone would be pleased if he was their son in law. He didn’t look like he had had a tequila, but his nerves made him look like he needed one.” The pair, who attend St George’s School at Windsor Castle, said they both enjoyed the experience of singing in St George’s Chapel when Harry and Meghan married in May.Alexios said about the earlier wedding: “There was just this warm buzz going around the chapel – it just felt amazing and I feel this one is going to be as good as well.”Leo added: “It was a bit nerve-racking at the start but then when we got in I felt fine, it felt like a normal service, with added bits.”The choristers remained tight lipped about the music they will be singing. They were due to take part in a rehearsal this morning as preparations are finalised for Friday’s service.Later today, Eugenie and Jack are expected to take part in their final run through before the big day.Asked what they were looking forward to on Friday, Alexios replied: “There’s going to be so many famous people there, I’m really excited to see Eugenie’s dress as well.”Choristers say second wedding will be ‘just as good’ The baker, whose business is based in Fulham in west London, said about being chosen by the Queen’s granddaughter and her fiance: “Of course I was nervous, but at the same time really, really excited.”The cake will consist of three tiers of red velvet and two of chocolate sponge cake covered with butter cream, white icing and decorated with sugar work with an autumnal theme.Other ingredients include vanilla essence, vanilla bean paste and red food colouring to give the cake its distinctive hue.Ms Cabot said about the couple: “They were very excited about having red velvet, during the tastings red velvet and chocolate came out top.”It’s a lovely thing to have at this time of year as well – it’s a nice rich cake.”Not one cake is ever the same and this was extra because of the time of year and they wanted to keep it so seasonal – it was a real joy.”Ms Cabot was initially invited by the office of Eugenie’s father, the Duke of York, to meet the couple and discuss their wedding cake in early July – after supplying decorated bespoke biscuits to one of Andrew’s Pitch@Palace events. 10:11AMRobbie Williams arrives as his mother’s hat is blown from her head Sophie Cabot making the cakeCredit:PA 7:27AMGuestlist: Who we think has made the cut 9:57AMPrince Harry’s ex-girlfriend Chelsy Davy arrives Punters are making a last-minute gamble on Suzannah or Stella McCartney being the designer behind Princess Eugenie’s wedding gown.Erdem remains the favourite at the bookmakers at 2/1, but Ladbrokes said there has been a flurry of bets for British design brand Suzannah, with odds cut from 9/2 to 3/1.Meanwhile, Paddy Power has suspended betting on Eugenie wearing Stella McCartney after a flood of bets.Suzannah was founded by Suzannah Crabb and is known for creating wedding dresses with vintage charm and a modern edge.McCartney designed the halter neck gown Meghan wore to her evening wedding party.A Paddy Power spokesman said: “We’ve seen a lot of action on Stella McCartney to be the designer of Princess Eugenie’s wedding dress this morning, forcing us to stop taking bets.”The level of wagers could indicate insider knowledge, and the brand seems a good fit for the day with their positive environmental standpoint.”Jenny Packham is at 5/1 with Ladbrokes, Preen is 6/1 and Suzanne Neville is 8/1.Jessica Bridge of Ladbrokes said: “We know Princess Eugenie’s flying the flag for British designers, and punters are beginning to wonder if an upset could be on the cards for the likes of Suzannah or Preen, leaving Erdem to miss out on the big day.”Eugenie has already revealed she has chosen a British-based designer, and that she was set on the style she wanted from the start of her weddingplanning.”(The dress) is the one thing that I was really decisive about,” the princess told British Vogue magazine.”As soon as we announced the wedding, I knew the designer, and the look, straight away. I never thought I’d be the one who knew exactly what I like, but I’ve been pretty on top of it.”Erdem is often Eugenie’s go-to choice and she wore the brand, founded by Canadian-born London-based designer Erdem Moralioglu, on the day her engagement was announced.Ralph & Russo, who made the gown for the Duchess of Sussex’s official engagement photo, are 14/1 to have been chosen by Eugenie.Eugenie has told how her wedding will be an environmentally friendly, anti-plastic affair. Earlier this year, the Duke and Duchess of Sussex exchanged vows in front of more than 30 members of the Royal family, which give us an idea of what to expect for the upcoming royal nuptials.The princess’ grandmother, the Queen, is sure to attend – as is her uncle, Prince Charles. However the Duchess of Cornwall will not be attending, instead undertaking a a prior engagement at a primary school’s harvest festival celebrations in Scotland.And the Duke of Edinburgh will make a last minute decision as to whether he will attend the event, royal sources have told TheTelegraph. At 97, Prince Philip now operates on a “wake up and see how I feel” basis, according to insiders.A well-placed source said: “The Duke of Edinburgh may not go to the wedding, just as he and the Queen did not attend Prince Louis christening in July.“The royals are like any family in the sense they try to make family occasions but it is not always possible. I’m sure he would love to be there to see his granddaughter get married but no one would blame the Duke if he didn’t feel up to attending the wedding on the day – he’s only three years off 100.”Naturally the Duke and Duchess of York, Princess Eugenie’s parents, will play a large role in the proceedings. A friend of the Duchess said she was feeling nervous about being reunited with her former in-laws after being treated as somewhat of a royal outcast since she divorced Andrew in 1996. Prince Andrew walks his daughter up the steps to St George’s ChapelCredit:Reuters 9:15AMFashion and portrait photographer named as official photographer 7:17AMTimings for the royal wedding 9:25AMCelebrity guests begin arriving at a blustery Windsor The star-studded guests have started arriving for the royal wedding ceremony. Jimmy Carr was one of the first big names to arrive, wearing a dark suit. Female guests held onto their hats and headpieces as powerful gusts of wind whipped around the castle grounds. The royal couple were carried around the streets of Windsor, passing the Royal family having been named husband and wife. The rain held off, but the carriage on the Scottish State Coach had a cover as a precaution. Originally known as the Cambridge Coach, the Scottish State Coach was remodelled in 1968–9 on Her Majesty’s instruction to create a coach specifically for Scotland. The emblems of the Order of the Thistle, the highest order of chivalry in Scotland, and the Scottish version of the Royal Arms were painted on the sides.The carriage will be pulled by four Windsor Grey horses: Plymouth, Milford Haven, Tyrone and Storm. There will be two outriders: Claudia and Sir Basil – the same quartet that pulled the Duke and Duchess of Sussex around Windsor in May. Windsor Grey horses play an important role in the ceremonial life of the Royal Family and the nation, and have been drawing the carriages of successive Monarchs and Members of the Royal Family since Queen Victoria’s reign.The carriage and horses are housed at the Royal Mews, Buckingham Palace. Ellie Goulding, left, arrives for the weddingCredit:Getty Pixie Geldof and George Barnett Credit:James Gourley/REX The Duchess later visited a new heritage centre named in honour of her husband, the Prince of Wales, where she watched a display of Highland dancing by 24-year-old Rachael Walker from Fettercairn, Aberdeenshire.The Duke of Rothesay Highland Games Pavilion is situated in the Princess Royal and Duke of Fife Memorial Park, where the world-famous Braemar Gathering is held every September and regularly attended by the Queen.The centre, which will open to the public next spring, tells the story of Scotland’s Highland Games and is the new headquarters of the Braemar Royal Highland Society, organisers of the Gathering.Camilla admired a map of the site dating from 1906 and met members of the society and staff of The Prince’s Foundation, a charity founded by Charles which was involved in the building’s construction.David Geddes, president of the Braemar Royal Highland Society, said: “When the building was unveiled to Her Majesty The Queen and The Duke of Rothesay during the Braemar Gathering, the Duchess was unable to attend due to prior commitments.”However, we are delighted she has been able to see the building for herself and we look forward to welcoming her back in future.”He added: “Our hope is that people will come and visit when they are on holiday, and because they’ve been here they’ll be inspired to go to Highland Games around Scotland.”Robert Lovie of The Prince’s Foundation said: “It was a pleasure to welcome The Duchess of Rothesay to Braemar for her to see first-hand the completed Duke of Rothesay Highland Games Pavilion.”She was enthusiastic about the building’s beauty, the value of its purpose, and its ability to fit seamlessly into the surroundings.” The DB10 Aston Martin that the royal newly-weds used to leave Windsor Castle was originally made for the James Bond movie Spectre. The couple are believed to be heading to the York family home, Royal Lodge in Windsor Great Park, for their evening reception.Eugenie’s parents, Prince Andrew and the Duchess of York, and her sister, Princess Beatrice, followed behind the couple in a Rolls-Royce. “Being a model meant long days, extensive travel, and frequently staying in hotels with little choice with regards to food,” she told health blogger Natalie Glaze. “I experienced headaches, low energy, and frequently felt ill. Often, when it came to food, I had to just ‘grab and go’ and the processed foods I found myself picking up never made me feel or look great.”She noticed that by cutting out the processed foods and boosting her consumption of vegetables, fish, and complex wholegrains, she felt a “radical improvement in the way I felt”, with “buckets more energy”.Peacock eventually turned her hand to nutritional advice – a growing industry, with sales of sports nutrition products jumping from £52 million in 2013 to £66 million in 2015.She says she was “head-hunted” by Dr Tim Evans, the Queen’s GP, to become Head of Nutrition at his private clinic, the Grace Belgravia in central London.Here, she provides diet and lifestyle advice for a group she describes as “London’s fashion and celebrity elite”. 11:59AMThe newlyweds kiss on the steps as Royal family gains its newest member 10:30AMHarry and Meghan return to Windsor Andrea Bocelli Credit:Drew Gurian/Invision The Duchess of York and her youngest daughter, bride to be Princess Eugenie Credit:Peter Byrne/PA Cara Delevingne arrives ahead of the wedding of Princess Eugenie to Jack Brooksban 1:00PMA view from inside St George’s Chapel They shared two shy kisses on the steps, one just outside the chapel, and another before they boarded the Scottish State Coach for a public ride around Windsor.As Eugenie and Jack left the castle, they passed the Galilee Porch at St George’s Chapel, where they were waved off by other senior members of the royal family, including the Queen and Duke of Edinburgh, the Duke and Duchess of Sussex, and the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge.The carriage continued onto Windsor High Street, giving the couple the opportunity to see the well-wishers lining the streets for their special day. There are rumours George Clooney and his wife Amal will be in Windsor once again this October as the A-list actor has a connection to the groom. Wine merchant Mr Brooksbank is a brand ambassador for Casamigos Tequila, a company owned by George Clooney.Rande Gerber, the husband of Cindy Crawford, is also a founder of Casamigos, which means the couple may have received an invitation too. Princess Eugenie is close friends with model Cara Delevingne, singer Ellie Goulding, and the Duke of Sussex’s former girlfriends Chelsy Davy and Cressida Bonas, all of whom are expected to attend. Karlie Kloss accompanied Ellie Goulding and the princess on a trip to Jordan earlier this year, leading some to wonder if she will make an appearance in Windsor in October. Artist Tracey Emin is also rumoured be to attending – although singers Elton John and Ed Sheeran have reportedly had to turn down their invitations because they are on tour.The daughter of Robbie Williams, five-year-old Theodora Rose, has been confirmed as a flower girl at the wedding, which means we can expect to see the singer and his wife, Ayda Field, in the pews. The ex-Take That star and his wife have been friends with Eugenie and her sister, Princess Beatrice, for several years. Naomi Campbell’s Instagram storyCredit:Naomi Campbell/Instagram Prince Andrew used his father-of-the-bride speech to poke fun at his new son-in-law Jack Brooksbank. He mocked the groom with a joke about the family dog. Read about it here. Mrs Huberty, from New York, said it was “lovely” to get a hug from the mother of the bride on Friday.”She gave me a big hug and said she was happy that I was here,” said the mother-of-three, who sat in a wheelchair in the front row of the crowd gathered in Horseshoe Cloister opposite the chapel’s West Door.She added: “It was lovely. She is a lovely woman. She never forgets her friends.” Gabriela PeacockCredit:David M Bennett/Getty It is believed the Duke and Duchess of York tried to persuade Camilla, 71, to attend but to no avail.A source said: “It’s hard to see her turning down the invitation as anything other than a snub but she insists she has other engagements that she was invited to first.”Camilla’s no-show will be seen as opening up family rifts at a time when the royals are riding a wave of popularity following Harry and Meghan’s wedding in May. Princess Eugenie’s dressCredit:Reuters Smiling and wearing a tiara, she makes her way up the steps to her ceremony. Princess Eugenie is wearing the Greville Emerald Kokoshnik tiara, given to the late Queen Mother.The dress is by Peter Pilotto and Christopher De Vos, while her shoes were made by Charlotte OlympiaThe tie pins worn by the groom and best man were a gift from the Duchess of York, containing the white rose of York and the same type of pink gem that is in Princess Eugenie’s wedding ring 11:39AMThe order of service – in full According to her website, Jeremy Clarkson, Anna Friel, Donna Air, and Alan Carr have all praised Peacock’s services. She also works as a nutritionist for Ten Pilates, a £3,300-a-year health club in Notting Hill, west London, which says its mission is to “celebrate endorphins”.Peacock sells a range of powders with names such as Slim Me, Calm Me, Protein Me, and Energise Me – each costs £100 for a month’s supply.The bestseller, Slim Me, is a gel sachet containing glucomannan, which swells up in the stomach to reduce hunger and balance blood sugar levels.Princess Eugenie spoke earlier this year about the tough exercise regime she is following before her wedding, taking an hour’s exercise at 7am each morning.Prince Harry, meanwhile, is believed to have lost half-a-stone in the run-up to his wedding with the help of Ms Peacock.Not everybody is so supportive of the powders, however, with Frankie Phillips, a specialist with the British Dietetic Association, warning that supplements like ‘Slim Me’ will not help with long-term weight loss.“Losing weight is not a quick journey and gimmicks which might help in the short term can be less than helpful for meaningful long-term weight loss, which requires a complete rethink of lifestyle to ensure that the weight lost is not piled back on again when you stop using a product,” she told The Mail on Sunday. Princess Eugenie looks beautiful in a full-skirted, off shoulder design by design duo Peter Pilotto and Christopher de Vos, stalwarts of London Fashion Week.They met whilst studying Antwerp. Peter is Austrian/ Italian and de Vos is Belgian/ Peruvian. The choice is a surprise one from the Princess who had hinted that she would chose a designer with eco credentials, such as Stella McCartneyThe brand is known for its innovative textile design, paired with a modern feminine silhouette. Princess Eugenie met the designers when she was co-hosting an event in support of women artists. Her Royal Highness has been wearing designs by the brand for several years.Princess Eugenie, Mr Pilotto and Mr De Vos have worked closely together on the design of the dress.The designers undertook archive research into previous dresses worn by Members of the Royal Family and identified a silhouette.The designDuring several fittings the dress was developed layer by layer, constructing it from the corset and the complex underskirt to the fitted bodice and full pleated skirt.The dress features a neckline that folds around the shoulders to a low back that drapes into a flowing full length train. 7:36AMRoyal couple on their pre-wedding jitters 8:40AMMembers of the public Front row guests in the nave included broadcaster Stephen Fry, singer James Blunt, Richard Banson’s son Sam, and artist Tracey Emin who chatted to a friend in the aisle ahead of the bride’s arrival.Other guests included actresses Liv Tyler and Demi Moore, Kiss Kiss singer Holly Valance, former footballer Jamie Redknapp, Delevingne sisters Cara and Poppy, broadcaster Richard Bacon and reality TV star Ollie Proudlock.The Duchess of Cambridge’s sister Pippa was in the front row of the nave with her husband James Matthews and brother James Middleton. Prince George, Princess Charlotte and pop star Robbie Williams’ daughter Theodora will have starring roles at Princess Eugenie’s royal wedding.They arrived in the same car, waving at the crowds.The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge’s eldest two children and Williams’ six-year-old daughter, who is known as Teddy, will be among the pageboys and bridesmaids at the celebration in Windsor on Friday.The other bridesmaids will be Peter and Autumn Phillips’ daughters Savannah and Isla, and Zara Tindall’s spirited four-year-old Mia, along with Maud Windsor, who is Eugenie’s goddaughter and the daughter of Lord Frederick Windsor and his actress wife Sophie Winkleman.Prince George, five, will be joined by fellow page boy Louis de Givenchy – the six-year-old son of JP Morgan banking executive Olivier de Givenchy and his wife Zoe. “Let’s kiss,” Eugenie told her husbandCredit:Getty 8:53AMCrowds line the streets of Windsor With the guests packed into the chapel – celebrities and royals alike – Princess Eugenie arrives wearing a low-back dress.She had earlier hinted the scars from her childhood back surgery would be on show. Her husband-to-be waited patiently at the end of the aisle, while she and her father Prince Andrew waved to cheering crowds. St George’s ChapelCredit:AFP 10:37AMGroom Jack Brooksbank arrives Hollywood actress Demi Moore has arrived wearing a burgundy dress and matching fascinator.She was preceded by supermodel Naomi Campbell. 4:16PMPrince Andrew’s ‘classic father-in-law speech’, at the expense of Jack “When I did his leaver’s interview, I said: ‘Are you going to university?’, and he said: ‘No, he wanted to get on with life and go into hospitality’.”I said: ‘That’s a tough industry’, but he went and became a barman at the Admiral Codrington in Chelsea – he rolled his sleeves up and he’s got on really well. He’s quite a similar character to the Duke of York.” Broadcaster Richard Bacon and reality TV star Ollie Proudlock have also arrived, as have Holly and Sam Branson.Kate Moss has taken her seat on the front row of the seating plan which is designed to face into the aisle.Fashion queen Moss is wearing a delicate monochrome polka dot outfit.The model turned to the row behind where her partner Count Nikolai von Bismarck is seated. Jack Brooksbank and Princess Eugenie of York in a carriageCredit:PA The Archbishop of York, The Most Revd. and Rt Hon John Sentamu, has written a personal prayer for the wedding service of Princess Eugenie and Mr Brooksbank, which will be included in the order of service.The Dean of Windsor, The Rt. Revd. David Conner will give the address at their wedding. The dean will also officiate as the couple make their marriage vows.James Vivian, director of music St George’s Chapel, has written descants for two hymns that will be sung during the service. As the royal couple were paraded around Windsor, those who made the trip have told Coran Elliott of their passion for the monarchy. Australians Michelle Thorp, 48, a stay at home mum, and store supervisor Debbie Papalaskaris, 59, share a passion for the Windsors, with Debbie making the 24 hour flight to the UK to get a glimpse of the princess first hand.Ms Papalaskaris said: “Since the wedding was on I knew I had to get here. For me it’s the chance to see a royal wedding first hand, because I’m a royalist at heart.”I will look back at my pictures when I’m 90 and say ‘I was there, I saw a real princess’.” Pippa wore an emerald green midi dress showing off her blossoming baby bump.Zara Philips wore a electric blue dress, and clutched her hat as she made her way to the chapel. Crowds gathered in Windsor for the royal weddingCredit:Getty 11:24AMCambridges’ nanny keeps youngsters in check Jimmy Carr arrives for the wedding of Princess Eugenie to Jack Brooksbank at St George’s Chapel in Windsor Castle.Credit:Andrew Matthews/PA ridesmaids for the wedding of Princess Eugenie to Jack Brooksbank at St George’s Chapel in Windsor CastleCredit:PA 8:11AMFamily members 11:54AMGuests provided with rain macs as part of goodie bags Many of those gathered spoke of their utter shock at receiving a letter inviting them to be a part of the wedding day.One grandmother couldn’t believe her luck after her 12-year-old granddaughter won tickets to attention the prestigious event. After seeing a post on Instagram 12-year-old Poppy Russer decided to take a chance entering a ballot to win a ticket to royal wedding for her grandmother Elizabeth Hayball. “I couldn’t believe it at first and it was such a surprise and the most lovely gesture, said the 67-year-old.”I’ve always had a love of the royals but have never been to a wedding. I saw the Queen when I was five, but that’s the closest I ever got.” With this in mind Poppy knew she wanted to get her grandmother a golden ticket. “When I saw the competition I wanted my gran to be there with me. I’m really excited to see the Princess and her dress.”I didn’t think I’d win, but I was really happy and mum was shocked too.” Many in the crowd waved flags and cheered as familiar faces walked by, but their loudest roars of appreciation were saved for the men who were forced to run up Chapel Hill after guests hats flew away towards the onlooking crowd.The public was thrilled to see the arrival of Robbie Williams, with one group of friends laughing “We love Robbie but Ayda is such a superstar on X-Factor”.The guests strolled past in waves as their buses arrived at the castle. Famous faces included Cara Delevingne, Naomi Campbell and Kate Moss.Richard Bacon, who only months ago was fighting a life-threatening illness, was in high spirits as he arrived at Windsor, waving enthusiastically at the crowd as he appeared to film the occasion on his mobile phone. Ticket holders were also delighted to see Pippa Middleton who chose an emerald green dress which showed off her blossoming baby bump, many of the crowd voicing how radient she looked.The public waited eagerly to catch a glimpse of newlyweds Prince Harry and Meghan, who chose a navy blue dress. Naomi Campbell arrives ahead of the weddingCredit:PA Sarah Ferguson, Duchess of York, and Princess Beatrice arrived in the same car and waved at crowds gathered in Windsor. The Duchess of York is wearing a Jess Collett hat and a green dress by local Ascot dressmaker Emma Louise Design.Fergie is carrying a vintage Manolo Blahnik bag, which was carried by her own mother at the wedding of the Duke and Duchess of York in 1986. Elspeth is a big Eugenie fan “She doesn’t steal the limelight like some, she’s very low key, and she seems genuinely happy with Jack.” Like so many fans in Windsor this morning she’s also a huge Fergie supporter. “She’s brilliant I’m so glad she’ll have a big part to play today.” pic.twitter.com/XYse3b6nWT— Eleanor Steafel (@eleanorsteafel) October 12, 2018 The supermodel was joined by her partner Count Nikolai von Bismarck and daughter Lila Grace.Dressed in a delicate monochrome polka dot number, the fashion queen was seated around an hour before the ceremony began and chatted with her daughter and partner who were sitting behind her.At one point, Lila Grace could be seen leaning forward and speaking into her mother’s ear.Anyone with trouble finding their seat were helped along with name tags placed on each chair, a formality that was missing from Harry and Meghan’s wedding.Not all guests were allocated a specific seat however, so ushers had to juggle between assigned and unassigned.Taking his seat in the second row was comedian Jimmy Carr, who on arrival surveyed the congregation from the side and fiddled with his cufflinks. Sarah Ferguson arrives at the royal weddingCredit:Getty Musicians from the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra (RPO) will perform during the ceremony. The couple have very much enjoyed working together with the RPO’s managing director, James Williams, to choose the accompaniment to the service. The Duke of York is a patron of the RPO.James Williams said: “It has been a great pleasure to work with HRH Princess Eugenie and Mr Jack Brooksbank to plan the music for their special day and we wish the couple much happiness for their future together.”The internationally renowned singer-songwriter Andrea Bocelli will perform two pieces during the service. 11:35AMRoyal fans’ ‘frustration’ at lack of big screens Royal fans waiting to see the carriage procession have expressed their “frustration” that there are no screens outside streaming the ceremony.Well-wishers who have gathered on Windsor High Street to catch a glimpse of the couple are watching the ceremony on their mobile phones. 9:39AMRichard Bacon invited after Princess Eugenie supported his wife during coma scare The Queen, wearing a pale blue dress, was followed by her husband the Duke. She told host Eamonn Holmes: “I’m patron of their appeal and I had an operation when I was 12 on my back, and you’ll see on Friday, but it’s a lovely way to honour the people who looked after me and a way of standing up for young people who also go through this.”I think you can change the way beauty is, and you can show people your scars and I think it’s really special to stand up for that.”So that’s one really important one.”But separate to that, other organisations that are there, it’s just very important that they get a chance to be honoured for the work that they do constantly, so it’s lovely that I can share this special day with them.”The princess is also patron of the European School of Osteopathy, a world-renowned provider of undergraduate and postgraduate level osteopathic education. 9:43AMFlashback: The Duke and Duchess of Sussex’s royal wedding His role would be “very small”, he added, saying: “I just have to walk slowly.””I think preparations are reasonably on course. i’m not what I would describe as intimately involved in the planning.”The idea to marry at St George’s Chapel came directly from the Queen, the Duke said. “It doesn’t make any difference who you are, all the approvals go through the Queen anyway,” he said. “The Queen very firmly said St George’s is where you’re having the wedding so I said aye aye mam, turn to the right, salute and carry on.”We hope for good weather, we don’t know – whatever happens in October.” Calling his future son-in-law an “extraordinary young man with one of the kindest hearts I know”, the Duke said: “It’s wonderful watching them interact together.”I have huge hopes and i’m sure they will be massively in love for the rest of their lives.”I’m sure she will be an absolutely outstanding bride.” 10:27AMAndrea Bocelli to perform two pieces at service 10:25AMRoyal contingent begin to arrive Jennifer Hawkins is no stranger to the pomp and ceremony of a royal event as today she takes her seat outside her forth royal wedding, writes Francesca Marshall from Windsor.The 69-year-old developed her love for a royal wedding after camping out for four nights to see Prince Charles and Princess Diana.Since she has always watched from the sidelines for the wedding of Prince Edward and Prince Charles and Camilla. But it wasn’t until this morning that she was able to step away from the crowds and take a seat outside the chapel of Windsor Castle as one of the lucky 1,200 members of the public who received a ticket to the ceremony. “Being able to get a ticket and not be queuing overnight, this is definitely the way to see the wedding,” she said. “Being here today is quite special as I have seen Eugenie grow up over the years. “I remember back in 81 I brought my son who was 10 at the time to see the wedding, told the school is was educational, but now being here, feeling like you’re really a part of it is wonderful.”The home carer won her ticket as part of a competition being held for friends of At Georges Chapel. Here it is in full: It was soon after she and Jack had first met that Princess Eugenie read The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald. One particular passage in which Jay Gatsby is described reminded her immediately of Jack.She decided that she wanted eventually to let Jack know how much those words had brought him to mind. That is why they have had a special place (as the second reading) in today’s wedding service.The words that particularly reminded her of Jack concern Gatsby’s smile. As we heard from the reading: “It was one of those rare smiles with a quality of eternal reassurance in it……. It concentrated on you with an irresistible prejudice in your favour.”Well, a few years have passed, and Eugenie and Jack come here today to smile on each other, and to offer each other something like “eternal reassurance” and the promise of an “irresistible prejudice” in each other’s favour.In doing so, they understand that marriage is something far more profound than any kind of contract, as we usually understand it. There are no conditions here; no limits.They offer each other an unqualified promise to be there for each other come what may. It is the unqualified nature of the promise that generates a feeling of security; the gift of “eternal reassurance”.Of course we know that the very best of desires and intentions can be frustrated, and that marriages, even between the kindest and most careful people, can founder because of pressures unforeseen. The miracle however is that, in generation after generation, so many of us go on hoping that the keeping of the promise will be possible. It is as if we know that it is in the exchange of self-forgetful love that we human beings understand, you might say, just what we were made for.It is with that hope in their hearts that these two people have come here today, and have made their unqualified promises in the face of this congregation”; their families and friends and neighbours. In doing so, they have of course revealed the seriousness of their intent, but also something more.They have acknowledged their need of your support and your encouragement; they want you to believe in them. By being here today, you have given them a kind of “reassurance” for which, I know, they will be genuinely grateful.And if they have come here “in the face of this congregation”, they have come here, far more significantly, “in the sight of God”.They recognise that there is much more to life than meets the outward eye alone. As Christians, they believe that that ‘mysteriously ‘more” has been revealed to us in and through the life of Jesus Christ.In him has been seen the God whose nature is love, and through him has been heard an unqualified and eternally reassuring promise to each and every one of us that, through all the vicissitudes of life, we are loved.It is in the presence of the God of love shown to us in Jesus Christ that Eugenie and Jack have made their vows, confident that even our fragile human loving can be a merciful ingredient in a loving God’s providential operation in an often all-too troubled world. 11:10AMPrincess Eugenie and Jack Brooksbank exchange vows The royal couple are exchanging vows at the front of the chapel.Eugenie’s wedding ring was made from a piece of Welsh gold given by the Queen. Inside the royal wedding reception: Prince Andrew’s speechWho did Princess Eugenie and Jack Brooksbank invite?Princess Eugenie requests dress with low backHer mother’s outfit was polished and typically FergieBride’s tiara is from the Queen’s collectionSign up to the Telegraph’s Royal Family newsletter here Princess Eugenie and her new husband Jack Brooksbank will finally be able to let their hair down away from the gaze of the public after the second royal wedding of 2018 in Windsor. The newlywed left her afternoon wedding reception as a wife in style, with the newest member of the Royal family driving away in a genuine James Bond car which was originally made for the James Bond movie Spectre.Mr Brooksbank was seen breathing a sigh of relief as he got in the driver’s seat of the silver DB10. Prince Andrew had ribbed him during a “classic father-of-the-bride” speech, the highlight of which was a joke about the family dog. Earlier, Princess Eugenie showed off her scars in a nod to the surgeons who operated on her back as a child.The low back feature on the dress – designed by Peter Pilotto and Christopher De Vos, who founded the British based label Peter Pilotto – was at the specific request of the bride who had surgery aged 12 to correct scoliosis. 10:12AMThe dress Inside the afternoon reception, the centrepiece was without doubt the 400-egg autumnal cake. Designer Sophie Cabot said she was “honoured” to have been asked to make the royal wedding cake – which features enormous quantities of eggs, butter and flour.Ms Cabot began baking in earnest in Buckingham Palace’s kitchens on Wednesday for Princess Eugenie and Jack Brooksbank’s big day on Friday.The five-tier red velvet and chocolate cake will contain up to 400 eggs, at least 53 packs of unsalted butter, 15 kilograms of organic self raising flour, and 20 kilos of sugar.Ms Cabot, 33, said she felt “very honoured they have selected me”, and said about her first meeting with Eugenie and Jack in the summer, when she brought cake samples: “The couple were very relaxed, very comfortable. I got the feeling the cake was something they were very excited about.”It was a fun meeting as well because I don’t think it’s every day you have a meeting about cake and you get to try cake.” Leo added that he has been chatting with friends about what colour dress the Queen will wear to her granddaughter’s wedding.He said: “I’m saying green because last time it was yellow but one of my friends is saying pink.”Leo said he found out just a few weeks after Meghan and Harry’s wedding that he would also be singing when Eugenie married, and has been practising hard with fellow his choristers during the intervening months.Leo joked: “My mum said she would be sitting in front of the TV waving her Union Jack for me.” Naomi Campbell The Queen’s youngest grandchildren, 14-year-old Lady Louise Mountbatten-Windsor, and 10-year-old Viscount Severn, who are the children of the Earl and Countess of Wessex, will take on the role of Special Attendants.Groom Jack Brooksbank has asked his brother, Thomas Brooksbank, to be his best man, while Eugenie’s older sister Princess Beatrice will be her maid of honour.Pop star Williams and his wife and fellow X-Factor judge Ayda Williams have been friends of Eugenie and her sister Beatrice for years.They are protective over their young children, and choose not to show their children’s faces when they post on social media. A screen shot of the Trip Advisor website offering hotels at a discounted rateCredit:Trip Advisor The bridesmaids and page boys, including Prince George and Princess CharlotteCredit:PA Prince George, five, will be joined by fellow page boy Louis de Givenchy – the six year-old son of JP Morgan banking executive Olivier de Givenchy and his wife Zoe. Robbie Williams’ daughter Theodora will be among the team of pageboys and bridesmaids, Buckingham Palace has confirmed. The other bridesmaids will be Peter and Autumn Phillips’ daughters Savannah and Isla, and Zara Tindall’s spirited four-year-old Mia, along with Maud Windsor, who is Eugenie’s goddaughter and the daughter of Lord Frederick Windsor and his actress wife Sophie Winkleman.Maud is sure to be guided by her classmate Prince George; the two are in the same class at St Thomas’ School in Battersea.The Queen’s youngest grandchildren, 14-year-old Lady Louise Mountbatten-Windsor, and 10-year-old Viscount Severn, who are the children of the Earl and Countess of Wessex, will take on the role of Special Attendants. Rain had threatened to cover the royal wedding all week, but come Friday morning the skies remained dry as guests arrived for the second royal wedding of the year.The grass alongside St George’s Chapel on Friday was bustling with lucky golden ticket holders invited to watch the Royal wedding unfold from within the grounds of Windsor Castle.There was a woman sporting union flag face paint whilst others wore their best finery but for many of the 1,200 members of the public wooly hats and gloves paired with walking boots and waterproof coats were the outfits of choice as the high winds threatened to steal a number of the guests hats.Ticket holders hoping to catch a glimpse of the princess unpacked their deck chairs as they sipped hot coffee and nibbled on shortbread and chocolate gifted to them upon arrival. Ticket holders also received a rain mac in their goodie bags just in case. Princess Eugenie announced in an interview with British Vogue earlier this year that her older sister Princess Beatrice will play a central role, as Maid of Honour. The groom’s younger brother Thomas, 29, has been chosen as best man.Prince George and Princess Charlotte will step into the roles of pageboy and flower girl once again. The siblings already know the score – as well as performing those roles at the wedding of Prince Harry and Ms Markle earlier this year, they did so at the wedding of Pippa Middleton, the Duchess of Cambridge’s younger sister, to James Matthews in May last year. Away from her profession, Peacock shares some of her personal life on social media, regularly posting photos with her young children and husband, David Peacock, a hedge-funder.Her Instagram account details a love of exotic travel: in the last year alone, Peacock has shared photos of her trips to Hangzhou, China, Ramatuelle, southeastern France, and Gstaad, Switzerland.The couple are also aficionados of interior design, enlisting the help of designer Peter Mikic in 2015 for a lavish renovation of their home in Notting Hill. 2:10PMCamilla misses the wedding – to visit a school Queen and Prince Philip arriveCredit:PA The Duke of Edinburgh “took quite a big step” towards reconciliation with Sarah, Duchess of York, at Friday’s royal wedding, according to a body language expert.Judi James, an expert in social behaviour, believes that Philip was warm towards his former daughter-in-law, approaching her with a smile.The Queen’s husband is thought to have a frosty relationship with “Fergie”, who divorced the Duke of York in 1996.Ms James said: “You could tell the tension as soon as the duchess arrived in the church. As soon as she walked in she pulled her arms into her side and put her head down.”Ms James believes the duchess’s daughter, Princess Beatrice, may have tried to distract her mother from Philip’s arrival at St George’s Chapel for the wedding of Princess Eugenie and Jack Brooksbank.She said that Beatrice “made very strong eye contact with her mother and kept her chatting as Philip arrived, almost as if to say ‘don’t look round now”‘. 12:15PMVisitors in awe as the royal couple are paraded around Windsor Debbie Skelton-Bethell, 52, from Shropshire, said: “It would have been nice to have screens outside of the castle, there’s supposed to be speakers but I don’t think they’ll reach out here.”Ms Skelton-Bethell arrived at 8.30am this morning to catch a glimpse of the wedding procession.She added: “I’m most excited to see the bride in her dress!” Princess Eugenie’s tiaraCredit:Reuters Princess Eugenie and Jack Brooksbank have left Windsor Castle following their wedding.The couple travelled in a silver Aston Martin driven by Mr Brooksbank. Liv Tyler arrivesCredit:PA 10:53AMPrince Philip arrives at Windsor amid speculation he might not attend Princess Beatrice and Sarah Ferguson arrive at Windsor Castle for the royal wedding of Britain’s Princess Eugenie and Jack Brooksbank in WindsorCredit:Reuters Dr Anthony WallersteinerCredit:Andrew Crowley Gabriela Peacock is described in some quarters as the nutritionist for the Royal Family, but just who is she? And what does her “elite” nutritional actually look like?Who is she?Peacock says she has always been interested in health and nutrition, but it was her years in modelling that taught her the value of a balanced and nutritious diet. At one stage, George seemed to shake his legs and briefly bobbed up and down in time to the music.In the few minutes the children had to stand, one little girl appeared to sit down on the stone ledge behind them before the nanny nudged her up. A heavily pregnant Pippa Middleton has arrived with her husband James Matthews. Mike Tindall and his wife Zara also appeared, followed by Princess Anne, who is wearing a green dress. The newlyweds kiss on the steps as Royal family gains its newest memberCredit:PA Richard Bacon, a guest who is appearing on ITV in the lead-up to the wedding, said he had been invited after the Princess got in touch to support his wife while he was in a coma over the summer. Saying he knows her from being “incredibly social” and living near to the directors of Hauser and Wirth, where Princess Eugenie works, adding: “I first met her at about 3am in Miami,” he said. The DB10 Aston Martin that the royal newly-weds used to leave Windsor Castle was originally made for the James Bond movie SpectreCredit:AFP The gaggle of youngsters in the bridal party had a few minutes to wait before the bride arrived, and were kept in check by the Cambridges’ nanny.Prince George held his hand over his ear as trumpeters lined out at the back of the chapel to herald the arrival of Eugenie.The future king was standing next to sister Princess Charlotte and Peter and Autumn Phillips’ daughter Savannah. The ceremony took place at the castle’s 15th Century St George’s Chapel with the Dean of Windsor David Conner officiating. The bride, Princess Eugenie, arrivesCredit:Getty 6:18PMNo arrests as wedding goes off without a hitch They were followed by the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge. Meghan is wearing a navy Givenchy dress and hat by Noel Stewart.Her sister-in-law is in a pink Alexander McQueen dress and Philip Treacy hat. Jack Brooksbank, who has a background in hospitality, is in charge of the drinks and has revealed Casamigos tequila will be on the menu.Mr Brooksbank works as the UK brand ambassador for Casamigos, the tequila company owned by George Clooney and his friend Rande Gerber, who is married to the supermodel Cindy Crawford. 12:05PMThe royal couple take a horse-drawn cart around Windsor They were swiftly followed by Prince William and Kate. But a shining star came in the form of Princess Charlotte who blew kisses to the crowd as she was driven down the drive towards the entrance of the chapel. “She’s so sweet, I love how much she loves it,” said one onlooker, whilst another added: “She’s such a wonderful little girl, I bet she’s having the time of her life”. Then came the Queen, who received cheers for the crowd, as many shouted happily to see her accompanied by the Duke of Edinburgh, whose attendance had not been confirmed beforehand. The onlookers then fell silent as they waited in anticipation for the bride, who swept by waving at the crowd. Many then settled back into their chairs as the ceremony began, following proceedings in their orders of service.Despite most in the crowd now shivering from the biting wind cheers erupted as the happy couple were pronounced husband and wife. The Duchess of Cornwall braved stormy weather on Royal Deeside to visit a tiny village school as her husband attended the wedding of Princess Eugenie and Jack Brooksbank in Windsor.Camilla’s arrival at Crathie Primary in Aberdeenshire was delayed by a tree on the road as the area, home to the royals’ Balmoral residence, was lashed by high winds and heavy rain.She was given a tour of the school – which has just nine pupils – before visiting a new games pavilion in nearby Braemar.It is understood that Friday’s invitation was a long-standing one and Camilla did not want to let the schoolchildren down.After apologising for her late arrival, she told her guides, 11-year-old Logan Beedie and Zara Jones, 10: “It’s nice and blowy outside, isn’t it?”Camilla, who is known as the Duchess of Rothesay in Scotland, shared her love of the local area and its wildlife with the pupils.She said she had never seen a capercaillie but had been fortunate to see some golden eagles, telling the children: “They’re wonderful creatures – they’re so big. When they have their wings out they’re huge.”The Duchess said nearby Lochnagar was a “special place” and told how she enjoyed cross-country skiing “because you can go for miles and miles, but it’s very hard work”.Camilla presented the pupils with books for the school library and she received a posy and card from the children. Jack Brooksbank has paid tribute to his future wife Princess Eugenie, calling her a “bright shining light”.The Queen’s granddaughter returned the compliment and described her fiance as “so humble and generous” during a television interview ahead of their wedding.But Eugenie did reveal the moment she first saw Jack and the pair fell in love during a Swiss skiing trip.She initially thought “what a silly hat” Jack was wearing, but was “all butterflies and nervous” when he came over to say hello, and later rang her mother that night to say she had met a new guy.The couple were interviewed by husband and wife Eamonn Holmes and Ruth Langsford from ITV’s This Morning, who quizzed them about wedding jitters.After Eugenie replied, “It’s definitely creeping up on us now, the nerves” she went on to describe her first encounter with Jack while on the slopes at a friend’ place in Verbier, Switzerland in 2010.With her fiance beside her, the princess added: “I thought, ‘what a silly hat!’ and I thought, ‘who’s that?’ and then you came over and shook my hand and I was all butterflies and nervous.”I think I rang my mum that night and said ‘I’ve met this guy Jack’… and that was it I think about how it started.”I remember being like ‘I really, really like this guy, I really want him to like me too’ and then you gave me this huge windscreen wiper wave and that was it, right, he likes me.” The Duchess of Sussex arrivesCredit:PA Autumn Phillips, Peter Phillips, Zara Tindall and Mike Tindall arrive Credit:Getty 8:21AMCelebrity friends 10:23AMCara Delevingne arrives – wearing a suit and top hat Bridesmaids and pageboysCredit:Getty Princess Charlotte stumbles up the stepsCredit:PA Princess Beatrice, maid of honour, is wearing a blue dress by Ralph and Russo and a headband by Sarah Cant. Earlier, the first cheers of the morning erupted in Horseshoe Cloister at the arrival of the groom’s parents to St George’s Chapel.Blustery conditions saw Jack Brooksbank’s mother momentarily hold onto her hat as she climbed the steps. 10:40AMFergie and Princess Beatrice arrive The Duke of York said his daughter’s wedding will have more guests than that of Prince Harry and Meghan Markle, saying Princess Eugenie and Jack Brooksbank have “so many friends”, writes Hannah Furness.”It will not be the same as the previous one that was held in May,” he said of the wedding. “It’s not a public wedding, this is meant to be a family wedding.”There will be a few more people than most people have. “There are a few more than Harry had but that’s just the nature of Eugenie and Jack: they’ve got so many friends and they need a church of that size to fit them all in.”He told ITV he had not prepared his father-of-the-bride speech, saying: “I don’t write speeches, why should I write this one?” Princess Eugenie and Jack Brooksbank were described as the “perfect couple” by the senior cleric who will marry the couple.David Conner, the Dean of Windsor, said it had been a pleasure to work with the Queen’s granddaughter and her fiance in the run-up to their weddingservice which will be a mix of “traditional and modern”.The dean, who will officiate when the couple make their marriage vows and give the address, has also been giving the pair the traditional pre-marital guidance counselling.Speaking on the eve of the wedding, he said: “As a couple they come across as just the perfect couple.”They are very natural with each other, they obviously love one another but they also have a lot of fun together and it’s been a real pleasure to work with them.”The dean described how he has seen the princess grow up over the years, since taking up his role in 1998, as she was a pupil at St George’s School at Windsor Castle and has regularly attended services at the chapel. 1:27PMWho is royal nutritionist Gabriela Peacock? Dean of Windsor, David ConnerCredit:Steve Parsons/AFP Your wedding day should really be the one day of your life which is entirely about you and your beloved.But for the crowds lining the streets of Windsor this morning to watch Princess Eugenie marry Jack Brooksbank at St George’s Chapel, today is all about one person, the bride’s mother. It’s Fergie they’re all here to see. “In America people don’t really distinguish a lot of the more fringe members of the royal family, but everyone knows Fergie,” said Katie Goldberg, a New Yorker studying in London who got here at 7am in the hope of catching a glimpse of Sarah, Duchess of York. “I think Fergie is just brilliant,” said Elspeth Edwards, thrilled to have got a much better spot to watch all the action than she did at the Duke and Duchess of Sussex’s wedding in May. “It’s a lot quieter this time, but that’s quite nice really. We’ll get to see more. I’m so pleased Fergie will have a big part to play today. Robbie Williams arrived flanked by his mother and wife Ayda Field.But the popstar’s mother Janet Williams had a wardrobe malfunction when her hat flew off in the blustery wind. Former Take That singer Williams was with his wife and fellow X Factor judge Ayda Field. Their six-year-old daughter Theodora is one of the bridesmaids. 1:16PMFergie rushed to hug close friend of her mother’s Naomi Campbell arrives looking characteristically dramatic in a feathered tweed look by Ralph and Russo. Princess Eugenie’s wedding on Friday could end up looking fairly different to that of her cousin Prince Harry, it seems.The Queen’s 28-year-old granddaughter is set to marry 31-year-old wine merchant Jack Brooksbank on Friday at Windsor Castle, and everything from the guest size to the television audience right through to the weather is expected to differ from Prince Harry’s wedding to Meghan Markle in May.But the two weddings will have one thing (or, rather, one person) in common: both Harry and Eugenie have been using the same nutritionist to help get them into shape before their big day. The royal couple at the front of the chapelCredit:PA As the trumpeters got in position, the nanny held George and Charlotte’s hands.Before that, George could be seen looking around the chapel and craning his neck to look up into the high ceiling.The prince could be seen shuffling his feet on the carpet beneath him, while Charlotte went up on her tiptoes at one point.The group of children were startled and jumped when the trumpeters performed an initial flurry, and Savannah appeared to put a finger in her ear as she anticipated what was to come. In contrast to the wedding of the Duke and Duchess of Sussex, part of today’s ceremony will be conducted from the organ screen so that guests in the nave of the chapel have a chance to see the bride and groom, writes The Telegraph’s Royal Correspondent Hannah Furness.Princess Eugenie and her father, the Duke of York, will walk up half the length of the aisle before meeting Jack Brooksbank and his brother, the best man, and the Dean of Windsor at the organ screen.There, flanked by 17 members of the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, they will undertake the first part of the service before Princess Beatrice and Charles Brooksbank, the groom’s cousin, give their readings.The decision will give celebrity guests in the nave the opportunity to see the Princess and Mr Brooksbank begin their journey to married life, before they move into the quire where the Royal Family and close friends will be sitting. This gallery will be updated during the day, featuring the best photographs of the royal wedding: 9:46AMChoristers, 11 and 12, to take centre stage after shining at Harry and Meghan’s wedding Logistics for the day also appear to be drastically simpler than on May 19, when visitors hoping to catch a glimpse of Prince Harry and Meghan Markle were advised to travel first thing in the morning, book special car parks outside the town centre and be warned that they may not even be able to enter the main streets due to the sheer numbers of tourists.This time, the council has simply warned tourists to be mindful that the usual Windsor car parks may be very busy.Where on May 19, Great Western Railway and South Western Railway laid on extra trains and a more frequent service to Windsor stations, October 12 will see them operate a “normal Friday service”. Prince Andrew and his daughter Princess EugenieCredit:Reuters The wedding flowers in St George’s Chapel will reflect the “rich and vibrant tones of autumn”, Buckingham Palace has revealed.Princess Eugenie and Jack Brooksbank have chosen floral designer Rob Van Helden to decorate the historic venue.Foliage and flowering branches, sourced locally from Windsor Great Park – the site of the York family home – have been combined with roses, spray roses, hydrangeas, dahlias and berries.The designs will also include Liquid Amber trees, also known as American sweet gum trees, which turn brilliant yellow, orange and red before they shed.”The designs will reflect the rich and vibrant tones of autumn,” a palace spokeswoman said.Mr Van Helden said: “It has been the greatest privilege and honour to create the flowers for Princess Eugenie and Jack on their wedding day.”Her Royal Highness has been very involved from the start and has been instrumental in the autumnal theme.”The whole floral design team and I wish Princess Eugenie and Jack our heartfelt congratulations and we hope they have a magical wedding day.”One of London’s top florists, Mr Van Helden was born and grew up in Holland, and moved to the capital 31 years ago.He first started his floristry business from the back of his car. 11:23AMPrincess Beatrice gives Great Gatsby reading 10:19AMMore guests at second royal wedding because couple have ‘so many friends’, says Prince Andrew Princess Eugenie and Jack Brooksbank leave Windsor CastleCredit:Reuters The order of service for the wedding of Princess Eugenie and Jack Brooksbank is available below: And during the readings inside the venue, Eugenie said jokingly “why aren’t you holding my hand?” before the tequila salesman readjusted her ring, lipreader Tina Lannin said.The ceremony was more muted than Harry and Meghan’s in the same venue just five months beforehand, with Zara Tindall telling the Duke of Sussex “it’s very quiet compared to the screaming at your wedding”, according to Ms Lannin. Prince Harry’s former girlfriend Chelsy Davy has arrived at the wedding, in the same colour as she wore to the Duke and Duchess of Sussex’s wedding. Ms Davy and the Prince originally met in Cape Town, South Africa, while he was on his gap year and he was reported to have once described Zimbabwean-born lawyer-turned-designer as “the one”.However Ms Davy did not enjoy the bright spotlight that came with being in a relationship with the then third-in-line to the throne and they eventually called it a day.Ms Davy now divides her time between West London and Zimbabwe, where she runs her own luxury jewellery line, Aya.She recently posted online telling Zimbabweans to “rise up” after the resignation of Robert Mugabe earlier this year.Ms Davy is thought to be single again having split up with her boyfriend of two years, the jeweller Charles Goode. Sunlight streamed in through the windows lighting up the aisle for Meghan, but on this October day all guests could see through the glass were trees being blown around by strong gusts.The bridal party’s gaggle of youngsters included future king Prince George, Princess Charlotte and pop star Robbie Williams’ daughter Theodora.The Angels singer’s six-year-old daughter Theodora, who is known as Teddy, had a starring role as a bridesmaid, alongside five-year-old George and three-year-old Charlotte.The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge’s Spanish nanny, Maria Teresa Turrion Borrallo, was on hand to keep the VIP children in check.The group had a few minutes to wait before the bride arrived, and were kept in check by the nanny.George held his hand over his ear as trumpeters lined out at the back of the chapel moments before Eugenie’s arrival.He was standing next to sister Princess Charlotte and Peter and Autumn Phillips’ daughter Savannah.As the trumpeters got into position, the nanny held George and Charlotte’s hands.Before that, George could be seen looking around the chapel and craning his neck to look up into the high ceiling.The prince could be seen shuffling his feet on the carpet beneath him, while Charlotte went up on her tiptoes at one point.The group of children were startled and jumped when the trumpeters performed an initial flurry, and Savannah appeared to put a finger in her ear as she anticipated what was to come.At one stage, George seemed to shake his legs and briefly bobbed up and down in time to the music.In the few minutes the children had to stand, one little girl appeared to sit down on the stone ledge behind them before the nanny nudged her up. 10:04AMHolly Valance and Jamie Redknapp among wide-ranging guestlist 9:59AMBargain Windsor hotels on offer to lure tourist to Princess Eugenie’s Royal wedding Princess Eugenie and Jack Brooksbank exchange ringsCredit:Getty The first guests have begun to arrive and the earliest trending colour is pink.Book editor Karoline Copping, wife of Jimmy Carr, looks super chic in a bird-printed shift dress Karoline Copping and Jimmy Carr Credit:Getty 7:28PMLove wins at #RoyalWedding2 Credit:Jane Barlow/PA Wire 9:33AMPink is the early colour of choice Princess Eugenie and Jack Brooksbank interviewed by ITV This Morning’s husband and wife duo Eamonn Holmes and Ruth LangsfordCredit:PA Princess Charlotte sticks out her tongue as she rides in a car to the wedding of Prince Harry and Ms MarkleCredit:Andrew Milligan/pool photo via AP The Duchess of York rushed to hug a member of the public as she arrived at St George’s Chapel for the wedding of her daughter, Princess Eugenie.Leaving her elder daughter, Princess Beatrice, waiting briefly as the pair emerged from a car outside the chapel at Windsor Castle to cheers from onlookers, Sarah Ferguson greeted family friend Jessie Huberty.The 83-year-old had been a close friend of Sarah’s mother, and attended the Duchess’s 1986 Westminster Abbey to the Duke of York. Young choristers who will sing at the royal wedding have described their excitement ahead of the big day.Alexios Sheppard, 11, and Leo Mills, 12, both performed at the Duke and Duchess of Sussex’s wedding and now will be centre stage for the nuptials of Princess Eugenie and Jack Brooksbank.It is the first time in living memory two royal weddings have been staged in the same year at Windsor Castle’s St George’s Chapel, so the two choristerswill be part of an historic double.The boys could not hide their joy, with Alexios saying: “It’s one of the best experiences we’re ever going to have – it’s just amazing.”Leo added: “I think it’s really cool we get to sing at two royal weddings in one year. No one ever really gets to do that much – it’s a very rare occasion so we’re very lucky.”Alexios joked: “They call it a once-in-a-lifetime experience, but not for us.” After a number of meetings with the couple to finalise the design, the professional baker began working on the cake in July, creating detailed sugar flowers and foliage, from ivy and acorns to white flowers and maple leaves, which will decorate the five tiers of the cake.”With such a big cake, you need to start well in advance – especially with all the sugar work, so it was important to get going quite quickly,” she said.Ms Cabot added: “There are a lot of eggs involved and a lot of butter obviously just for the sheer amount of people who hope to have a piece of cake.”She went on to say: “It’s a lot of ingredients, it’s a huge scale, it’s a bit different for me. I’m used to baking on a much smaller scale – it’s a challenge.” Pippa Middleton (centre) during the wedding of Princess Eugenie to Jack BrooksbankCredit:PA Property developer Nick Candy and wife Holly Candy, the singer formerly known as Holly Valance, have arrived.Lord of the Rings and Armageddon actress Liv Tyler is also there, wearing a dark jacket and long skirt. 6:06PM’Why aren’t you holding my hand?’: Lip reader unpicks ceremony 9:23AMRoyal wedding flowers to reflect ‘rich and vibrant tones of autumn’ Former footballer Jamie Redknapp arrived dressed in a morning suit as well as singer-songwriter James Blunt. Britain’s Princess Eugenie of York is helped into an Aston Martin DB10 by her sister Britain’s Princess BeatriceCredit:AFP British fashion and portrait photographer Alex Bramall will take the official photographs at Windsor Castle at today’s royal wedding, Buckingham Palace said.”It is an honour and a privilege to be invited to photograph Princess Eugenie and Jack on this most special of days,” Mr Bramall said.”I look forward with great excitement to capturing this significant occasion and wish them both a happy future together.” Thames Valley Police said there had been no arrests on Friday related to the wedding.A spokeswoman said: “There have been no arrests relating to the royal wedding policing operation in Windsor at this stage.”The Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead was unable to give a final estimate of the crowd numbers watching the festivities. Here’s a look at Princess Eugenie and Jack Brooksbank’s wedding in numbers:1 – Maid of Honour – Eugenie’s older sister Princess Beatrice1 – Best man – Jack’s younger brother, Thomas Brooksbank1 – Former royal – Eugenie’s mother and the Duke of York’s ex-wife Sarah, Duchess of York1 – Km – Eugenie’s carriage procession route is around 1km (0.16 miles). Harry and Meghan’s full route was 3.3km (2.1 miles)2 – Days of celebrations – Festivities will continue at Eugenie’s family home on Saturday2 – Great grandchildren of the Queen who are not attending – babies Prince Louis and Lena Tindall3 – Hours of ITV coverage devoted to a special live screening of the ceremony2 – Pageboys – Prince George and Louis de Givenchy2 – Special Attendants – Lady Louise Mountbatten-Windsor and Viscount Severn6 – Bridesmaids – Princess Charlotte, Savannah and Isla Phillips, Mia Tindall, Theodora Williams and Maud Windsor8 – Years bride and groom have been together9 – Eugenie’s position in line to the throne17 – The wedding will be the 17th royal wedding or blessing to take place in St George’s Chapel since 186328 – Eugenie’s age32 – Jack’s age400 – Eggs being used for the red velvet and chocolate wedding cake, plus 53 packs of unsalted butter, 33lb (15kg) of organic self-raising flour, and 44lb (20kg) of sugar.850 – Congregation in St George’s Chapel1,200 – Members of public invited into the grounds of Windsor Castle100,000 – Number who applied for the ticketed public ballot£400,000 – Cost of policing Zara and Mike Tindall’s wedding in Scotland in 2011£543,000 – Cost of policing the visit of Pope Benedict XVI to Scotland.£2 million – Estimated cost of policing Eugenie’s weddingBetween £2 million and £4 million – Estimated cost of policing the Duke and Duchess of Sussex’s wedding£6.3 million – Cost of policing the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge’s wedding£18 million – Cost of police operation for US President Donald Trump’s visit to the UK Princess Eugenie took the lead as her new husband appeared to struggle with nerves during their nuptials, according to a professional lipreader.The royal bride initiated the couple’s two tentative kisses on the West Steps of St George’s Chapel, telling Jack Brooksbank “let’s kiss” before the waiting cameras. Pixie Geldolf’s Instagram storyCredit:Pixie Geldolf/Instagram The Duke and Duchess of Sussex have returned to their wedding venue.The couple, who married in Windsor in May, did not walk through the crowd and were ushered straight into Windsor Castle. 11:05AMThe wedding dress 4:21PMThe 400-egg five-tier red velvet wedding cake 8:55AMCelebrity guests will see the royal couple start married life Terry Hutt, 83, traveled five hours from western super mare, and is dressed head to toe in union flags, even his cane is covered in red white and blue, writes Coran Elliott in Windsor. He said: “I’ve been to all the royal weddings. I even met the queen mother when I was four years old, durring the Blitz. I’ve come here to support Fergie’s daughter.”I think Fergie brought atmosphere and change to the royal family and I wish Eugenie and Jack a lifetime of happiness.”Naomi Kennedy, 29, works in publishing and Judith Cooperman 60, librarian have travelled from New York and Canada respectively.Ms Kennedy said: “The moment the date was posted I decided to go! I have loved Eugenie and Beatrice ever since I was a little girl- particularly because they are around my age. I’ve always identified with Eugenie we both studied English.”Ms Cooperman said: “I love the history of the royal family, they have really earned our respect. We have got up really early in past to watch the weddings so now we have chance to see it. We wish Eugenie and Jack health and happiness in their marriage.”Fellow Canadian Rose Reilly, 64, came over to the UK to visit friends in Chesham, but the courier driver decide to make the trip to Windsor so she wouldn’t miss out on a once in a lifetime opportunity.She said: “I was visiting Chesham to see friends, so I decided to come down because this is a once in a lifetime opportunity. “I can’t wait to go back home to post all my pictures on Facebook. My friends are not going to believe this! They are going to be so jealous.”It’s my birthday next month so this is going to be an early celebration. I’m so excited.” David Weeks 77, a retired railway worker said: “I’m a true royalist, I’ve travelled down from Hampshire to get here.”I came down for the Queens 90th and I think the royals are great for the country. I want the best for Eugenie and Jack and I wish them a happy marriage.” Foliage and flowering branches, sourced locally from Windsor Great Park, with roses, hydrangeas, dahlias and berries, were draped around the church.One of the doors was dressed in a floral arch which was embellished with what looked like the Chinese lantern plant, giving the display a Halloween vibe.A hush fell over the chapel at about 10.30am and guests took their seats against the backdrop of music from the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra.The bride’s arrival was heralded by trumpeters lined out at the back of chapel.While Meghan walked through the nave without her father on her arm, Eugenie had the Duke of York by her side.Andrew and Eugenie smiled at guests in the front row, while those in rows nearer the back bobbed from side to side trying to get a clear view of the bride in her Peter Pilotto and Christopher De Vos gown. Leo Mills, 12, left, and Alexios Sheppard, 11 Credit:Steve Parsons/PA Princess Eugenie and Jack Brooksbank kiss on the steps as they were unveiled as husband and wife in Windsor.The sun broke through the clouds just as the bride and groom left the chapel. The Princess of York and Mr Brooksbank kissed on the West Steps of St George’s Chapel, Windsor Castle, following their ceremony on Friday.The happy couple were surrounded by the bridal party, including Princess Charlotte, three, and Prince George, five, as they enjoyed the happy moment. As the children arrived, one of the pageboys fell on the steps. Moments later, 14-year-old Lady Louise Windsor, wearing a blue dress who was minding the children had her dress blown up by the strong wind. Terry Hutt is one of a handful of dedicated royal fans who camped out in Windsor last night for the #RoyalWedding He’s a big Fergie fan. “This is Fergie’s day as much as Princess Eugenie’s. I’ve always loved her. She breathed life into the royal family in her day.” pic.twitter.com/42qbQaetap— Eleanor Steafel (@eleanorsteafel) October 12, 2018 10:50AMCalamity on the steps Earlier this year, George and Amal Clooney almost stole the show when they graced the small town of Windsor for the wedding of the Duke and Duchess of Sussex, with Amal’s mustard Stella McCartney dress and George’s well-groomed salt and pepper beard setting social media abuzz. There is speculation we may see the A-list couple in Windsor again this Friday; the couple are rumoured to be attending the wedding of Princess Eugenie and Jack Brooksbank – which will also take place in Windsor Castle’s St George’s Chapel.Cindy Crawford, Eddie Redmayne and Robbie Williams could also be on the guest list, as well as senior members of the royal family and selected members of the public. 850 people will reportedly be in the chapel, with a further 1,200 expected in the ground; here is everything we know so far about the, from royal family members to celebrity friends. According to Buckingham Palace, the carriage will journey through the grounds of Windsor Castle, enter the town at Castle Hill and proceed along Windsor High Street, then return to the castle grounds at Cambridge Gate. Princess Eugenie and Mr Brooksbank will also invite members of the Windsor community, representatives from their favourite charities, residents of the castle and some Royal Household staff to stand in the grounds, along with children from the local schools which Princess Eugenie attended. 8:39AMRoyalist veteran who camped out for four nights to see Charles and Diana’s wedding returns for fourth royal wedding The wedding cakeCredit:Reuters Here is all you need to know about what will happen when in Windsor today: Celebrities have kept their followers updated on the big day with posts on social media. Jack Whitehall James Blunt, who attended the wedding of the Duke and Duchess of Sussex earlier this year, is expected to be at Princess Eugenie’s wedding. His wife Sofia Wellesley is the daughter of Lord and Lady John Henry Wellesley and he is a regular at Royal occasions.Eddie Redmayne and his wife Hannah Bagshawe became friendly with Princess Eugenie while lived in New York, working for the fine art auction house Paddle8.Plus, Mila Kunis and Ashton Kutcher have been seen dining and on holiday with Princess Beatrice over the years; if they want to attend a royal wedding they may have asked their friend to convince her sister to send an invitation their way. He said: “It’s always a privilege to take part in this kind of event and I think it was especially nice for me in respect of tomorrow’s wedding because I’ve known Eugenie for such a long time.”The dean went on to say: “When I came she was a girl at our little prep school down the hill – so yes it seems as if our knowledge of each other goes back a long way.”Details of the service have not been released but speaking about its mood he said: “It will be a mix of traditional and modern and is obviously going to be a grand occasion, but I hope also it will have an air of intimacy about it.”You just have to remember it’s their day and really do your very best to focus on them and not on the hundreds of famous and semi-famous people who will be around.”Speaking about the couple’s input into the service, he added: “Of course the basic framework of the service is set but there are lots of variables and they have had a very significant influence over the final choice.”He said he would see Eugenie and Jack later on Thursday and that it was important for any couple to have a rehearsal so on their big day they were in “familiar territory”.But he felt the princess regarded St George’s Chapel as her “parish church” even though it was a “bit grand”. 6:00AMThe big day is upon us 9:29AMThe royal wedding in pictures Robbie Williams arrives as his mother’s hat is blown from her headCredit:AFP Jack Whitehall’s Instagram storyCredit:Jack Whitehall/Instagram Princess Eugenie has spoken of the importance of showing “people your scars” as she paid tribute to the hospital which performed surgery on her back as a child.The Queen’s granddaughter has invited representatives from the Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital NHS Trust to attend her wedding to Jack Brooksbank on Friday.The couple will tie the knot at St George’s Chapel in Windsor Castle, with members of the public and charity representatives on the guest-list for the grounds.Eugenie was diagnosed with scoliosis when she was 12 years old and received treatment at the Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital, undergoing a successful operation to straighten her spine.Ahead of her big day, the royal reflected on the surgery and the importance of the charity during an interview with ITV’s This Morning. 7:59AMPrincess Eugenie hints dress will not hide signs of her scoliosis surgery, saying it’s important to ‘show people your scars’ 10:58AMThe bride, Princess Eugenie, arrives 9:10AMThe second royal wedding in numbers The Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh outside Windsor CastleCredit:PA 8:58AMRoyal fans travel from Canada and the US for the big day 10:32AMPrincess Eugenie and Jack Brooksbank a ‘perfect couple’, says dean As she walked down the aisle, the newest member of the Royal family mouthed to his bride that she looked ‘perfect’.After a traditional ceremony, during which the maid of honour Princess Beatrice delivered a reading from The Great Gatsby, the couple kissed on the steps to cheers from well-wishers. Prince Philip, the Duke of Edinburgh, watched on having arrived with the Queen amid speculation he might not attend. The Duke and Duchess of Sussex returned to Windsor Castle – the venue for their royal wedding in May. Asked by Holmes to describe each other in three words, Jack said about his future wife: “She’s this bright shining light.”Eugenie was not so succinct and replied: “Jack’s the kind of guy, you know when you’re lost at a party and you can’t find anyone to talk to, and you start panicking and you need help? He’ll walk in and make everyone feel so special.”He’ll scoop you up and talk to you and make you feel a million dollars… you’re so humble and generous. So humble and generous – that’s two words…”The princess went on to say her “big sissy” Princess Beatrice was someone “I’ve looked up to her whole life” and that she’s the biggest supporter of “team Eug and Jack”.Asked about the moment she will walk down the aisle with her father the Duke of York, Eugenie replied: “It’s nerve-wracking and a bit scary and all the things that come with getting married, but at the end of the day you get to marry the person you love.”In reference to Jack, she added: “And you’re going to be at the end of the aisle, and I’m going to be running towards you!”Quizzed about whether his fiancee had become a “bridezilla”, Jack said no, adding: “Eugenie has been amazing.”She’s been incredible, she has the ability to do a million things at once in her brain, including working as well as organising everything to do with the wedding.” Order of Service (PDF)
Order of Service (Text) The couple are inviting 1,200 members of the public into the grounds of Windsor Castle for their October wedding, following in the footsteps of the Duke and Duchess of Sussex.Announcing details of the wedding, a spokesman for Buckingham Palace said the couple would be inviting members of the public to share their day.”The couple are delighted to announce an opportunity for 1,200 people from across the United Kingdom to be invited into the grounds of Windsor Castle to share the experience of their special day,” a spokesman said.”The attendees will view the arrival of the congregation and members of the Royal Family, listen to a live broadcast of the marriage service and watch as the bride and groom depart St George’s Chapel at the end of the ceremony.”Myrna Whiteson, the president of the Teenage Cancer Trust, will be among the attendees with her husband, Dr Adrian Whiteson. She told The Telegraph the Princess had become involved in the charity from an early age through her mother, the Duchess of York.”The Duchess of York officially opened our first specialist cancer unit in 1990 and has attended almost all of our 28 subsequent new unit openings across the UK, with Princess Eugenie and her sister Princess Beatrice accompanying her on numerous occasions.”Following the ceremony, the newlyweds will undertake a carriage procession through the town of Windsor, where members of the public will be able to get a glimpse of the couple. The scene at St George’s Chapel was set once more for a showstopping royal wedding but replacing the Duke and Duchess of Sussex at the altar were Princess Eugenie and her groom.It was the turn of the Queen’s granddaughter and drinks executive Jack Brooksbank to take centre stage at Windsor Castle, 146 days after the blockbuster nuptials of Harry and Meghan on a scorching hot May day.Apart from the cooler weather, October 12 looked like a re-enactment of May 19, with perhaps a few more jackets, as guests milled around the Gothic chapel and greeted one another with kisses on both cheeks as they arrived.Women dressed to the nines and men in morning suits wandered the aisle and a din of chatter filled the chapel, making it feel more like a society soiree or VIP enclosure at a race meeting than a wedding service in a house of God.With a star-studded guest list of 800 in the congregation, around 200 more than the number at Harry and Meghan’s wedding, the seating was laid out differently, perhaps to accommodate the bigger crowd.Chairs were lined out facing into the aisle, with Kate Moss taking her seat on the front row, a familiar place for Moss who is in demand on “frows” at fashion week every season. 4:14PMRoyal couple leave afternoon reception in Bond car Kate Moss and Lila Grace Moss Hack (right) Credit:Getty Princess Eugenie’s wedding day is here, with the Queen’s granddaughter preparing to tie the knot in a lavish ceremony in Windsor.In a television interview ahead of the wedding, Jack Brooksbank, a tequila brand ambassador, paid tribute to his future wife, calling her a “bright shining light”.Eugenie told Eamonn Holmes and Ruth Langsford from ITV’s This Morning show, which will be screening the ceremony live, that her “humble and generous” husband-to-be had the ability to “make everyone feel so special”.Last night, the Princess said the nerves were “definitely creeping up on us” , calling their romance “love at first sight”.Asked of her first impressions, in a bar in Switzerland, she said: “I thought, ‘what a silly hat!’ and I thought, ‘who’s that?’ and then you [Jack] came over and shook my hand and I was all butterflies and nervous.”Read the full story here.
Anjem Choudary, the notorious Islamist hate preacher, is a ‘shameless coward’ who was ‘too scared’ to go to war himself, Whitehall sources said last night in a move to humiliate him on the eve of his release. Whitehall sources said they hoped young impressionable… Choudary, 51, will walk free from jail on Friday, having served half his prison sentence. He will be moved to a probation hostel in north London under 25 strict conditions that include a ban on him talking to children and using the internet. Senior sources ridiculed Choudary, undermining his reputation as a jihadists’ leader by pointing out he had encouraged vulnerable young men to fight in Syria but always refused to do so himself.
(AFP) The global unemployment rate is expected to tick down in 2018, the United Nations said Monday, while warning that far too many workers still live in desperate poverty.The International Labour Organisation forecast a worldwide unemployment rate of 5.5 per cent this year, a marginal improvement on the 5.6 per cent recorded in 2017, thanks to broad economic growth. But in its flagship “World Employment and Social Outlook” trends report, the ILO also raised serious red flags about the health of the planet’s labour market.“Even though global unemployment has stabilised, decent work deficits remain widespread: the global economy is still not creating enough jobs”, the organisation’s director-general, Guy Ryder, said in a statement.A key problem is the abundance of “vulnerable employment”, a category that includes informal work arrangements with little or no social and contractual protections.“The significant progress achieved in the past in reducing vulnerable employment has essentially stalled since 2012”, the ILO said in a statement.The problem is most acute in the developing world, where three out of every four workers have a “vulnerable” employment status, the report said.The study’s lead author, ILO economist Stephan Kuhn, pointed out that 40 per cent of all employed people in the developing world still live in “extreme poverty”.Uneven economic growth and the huge concentration of global wealth in the hands of very few is expected to be a key topic at the World Economic Forum’s annual meeting in Davos, which opens on Tuesday.The charity group Oxfam reported Monday that 82 per cent of the wealth created in 2017 was controlled by the world’s richest one per cent.For ILO chief Guy Ryder, broadening the benefits economic growth remains the key priority.“Additional efforts need to be put in place to ensure that the gains of growth are shared equitably”, he said Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)RelatedGlobal unemployment expected to reach 199.4 million in 2016 – ILO ReportJanuary 20, 2016In “Business”Despite progress, inequalities persist for women in labour market- ILOMarch 8, 2018In “Business”Labour Survey welcomed but conclusions worrisome, says FITUGMarch 20, 2018In “Business”
Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)RelatedMore than 15,000 to sit National Grade Six AssessmentApril 2, 2014In “Local News”Education Minister wants to rid Grades 2 & 4 of points for NGSAAugust 4, 2015In “Business”BREAKING: Dave Chowtie tops 2019 NGSA with 532 marksJuly 3, 2019In “latest news” On March 28 and 29, a total of 2875 students from Region Four will be sitting the National Graded Six Assessment (NGSA) examination; and to cater for these exams, an intensive training programme was held for some 208 invigilators and supervisors.Of the 2875 students, 1304 are for the East Bank and the remaining 1571 for the East Coast.The supervisors and invigilators would be responsible for administering the national assessment exams. The one day training was held at the Bladen Hall Multilateral School.The training is geared at ensuring that invigilators and their supervisors are effectively prepared to execute a number of exams. The 208 participants are expected to work throughout the 49 centres within Region Four.Region Four Education Officer, Stembiso Grant gave an insight into the training seminar noting that it is important in ensuring that her department maintains the exceptional high and credible quality of the exams.She reiterated that her department will continue to ensure that the integrity of the exams are not questioned, noting that the training will remind invigilators of their roles and responsibilities.The Education Officer noted that her department intends to have all exams by her department executed in a smooth manner.
A prisoner who was expected to answer at the Georgetown Magistrates’ Courts for the rape of a 16-year-old student died on Tuesday morning after being rushed to the Georgetown Public Hospital Corporation (GPHC) by ranks after he was observed to be vomiting.Now dead is Stonie Henry, 47, a welder of Mocha Housing Scheme, East Bank Demerara (EBD).The incident reportedly occurred at around 06:15h at the East La Penitence Police Station lockups as Henry was scheduled to make his Court appearance later on Tuesday.Ranks that were doing inspections reportedly saw the man doubled over and vomiting profusely.When questioned, Henry complained of feeling unwell and as such was rushed to the hospital where he was immediately treated.However, at around 08:00h the man succumbed.It is being suspected that he might have ingested a poisonous substance however, this is yet to be confirmed.His body is presently at the Georgetown Public Hospital Corporation (GPHC) mortuary awaiting a post-mortem examination.This publication was informed that the Police have launched an investigation. Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)RelatedAutopsy on rape accused who died in lockups inconclusiveSeptember 19, 2018In “Crime”Kitty man killed in Liliendaal crashApril 27, 2019In “Crime”Police hold 2 in connection with murder of 25-year-old Patentia manMarch 24, 2016In “Crime”
The Northwest Mining Association (NWMA) has awarded the 2008 Platinum Award for Corporate Excellence to Formation Capital Corp. This prestigious honor was awarded for “perseverance and leadership in pursuing a mining operation which has minimal impact on the environment and for supporting the efforts of the NWMA”. During the NWMA Annual Awards Ceremony on December 2, 2008 in Reno, Nevada, a very surprised Mari-Ann Green, Chairman and CEO Formation Capital Corporation, was on hand to accept the award on behalf of the many groups and individuals who have worked tirelessly in their efforts to bring the Idaho Cobalt Project (ICP) from mineral discovery to exploration, feasibility, permitting, equipment procurement and what could eventually be commercial mine production. Unwavering in her commitment to the industry, Laura Skaer, Executive Director of the NWMA, stated “Formation has shown the mining industry how to involve all stakeholders in a collaborative process to ensure the most environmentally and socially responsible mining project goes forward and we are proud to recognize their achievement with this award”Mari-Ann Green states, “It was an honor for Formation Capital to be recognised for perseverance. Despite many setbacks, we have always kept our eye on the goal of becoming a fully integrated miner and refiner of high purity cobalt metal with a commitment to do so in an environmentally sensitive manner”.The Northwest Mining Association (NWMA) is a 113-year-old, 1,800-member non-profit, non-partisan trade association supporting the mining industry throughout the United States and especially in the states of Alaska, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Utah, Nevada and Arizona. The NWMA represents members’ interests throughout Canada and the US, facilitates global interests and works closely with the National Mining Association, state mining associations in the western United States, and provincial and regional mining associations throughout Canada. They are recognized internationally as innovative and proactive leaders in addressing the needs of an increasingly global mining industry and for fostering and promoting economic and environmentally responsible mining.Formation Capital continues to work diligently on the permitting efforts for its ICP and is expecting a new Record of Decision from the US Department of Agriculture Salmon-Challis National Forest Service (Forest Service) in January 2009. Pre-empting opposition to the upholding of the Record of Decision, major agreements have now been signed with all concerned environmental groups including Earthworks, Boulder White-Clouds Council and the Idaho Conservation League (ICL), Idaho’s largest environmental steward. Formation Capital Corporation, U.S. is receiving numerous proposals for consideration in the Formation/ICL Conservation Action Program, participation in it being an integral component of the negotiated Formation/ICL environmental agreement. The Conservation Action Program was designed to implement projects that would contribute to the natural and wildlife resources in the Upper Salmon River Watershed. Representatives of Formation and ICL are currently reviewing proposals and will make awards based on previously established criteria. Ongoing negotiations also continue with other parties and Formation remains confident that the new Record of Decision will be upheld and, pending financing, mine construction will commence Q2 2009.
Mincom, a leading global provider of software solutions and services for asset-intensive industries, has upgraded its industry-leading supply chain solution for minerals and metals mining organisations. Mincom MineMarket 4.4 optimises the tracking and logistics of products – such as coal, iron ore, base and precious metals – from initial extraction, stockpiling, production, shipping and transportation to their eventual delivery to the customer, and simplifies the complex sales and invoicing of these products. With new advanced functionality in port and stockyard management as well as partner trading, Mincom MineMarket 4.4 is one of the mining industry’s most comprehensive solutions for the efficient management of integrated sales, marketing and supply chain processes.“Meeting the demands of complex contracts, and managing sophisticated logistics is a daily challenge faced by every mining organization,” said John Jessop, President of Global Mining Solutions, Mincom. “Consolidating supply chain data from across the organisation is essential for maximising commercial outcomes. However, the proliferation of disparate systems and spreadsheets can often result in silos of conflicting information, leading to time-consuming error corrections, reactive plan changes, product-quality penalty costs, and missed opportunities to maximize sales.”Jessop added, “Given its ability to seamlessly integrate with other key business systems, thereby creating a standardised process for collecting data throughout the supply chain, Mincom MineMarket helps mining organizations ensure timely and correct information is visible across the organisation. By combining supply data from mine planning, processing and logistics with demand data from marketing and sales into one system, MineMarket helps ensure that supply and demand are balanced, contracted sales will be delivered, and capital tied up in excess product inventory is minimised.”Mincom MineMarket version 4.4 includes the following new capabilities:•Enhanced 3D Stockpile Modelling. While material is stacked in a stockpile, it is often difficult to track its quality and product characteristics. This valuable new feature allows miners to create 3D models of their stockpiles (e.g., coal and iron ore) at bulk terminals or stockyards. With 3D Stockpile Modeling, organisations can now track each batch of product as it is delivered to the stockpile and as it moves through the stockpile during reclaim operations. The 3D model allows the user to efficiently reach into any part of the stockpile and track the product back to the individual producer, mine source and mine area. Not only does this improve ongoing monitoring and planning of stacking and reclaiming, it also ensures the product is accurately blended to meet individual customer requirements for quality and product specifications.•Updated Demurrage Calculations. This feature is designed for port operators and ore suppliers to help facilitate the movement of large amounts of material through capacity-constrained ports. Demurrage is the charge paid to a ship owner if a container is not loaded and unloaded within the specified time. Demurrage conditions can therefore have a significant impact on a mining company’s cashflow. Mincom MineMarket 4.4 helps capture data surrounding the increasingly complex agreements between suppliers, ship owners, customers and port operators, improving the management of both operations and cash flow.•Updated Linked Trading. This new capability simplifies data-entry processes, and automates calculations and processes between trading companies. From groups with simple umbrella agreements to those with back-to-back intercompany invoices, Mincom MineMarket provides the flexibility to accommodate any Linked Trading scenario and automate the required functions.“For 13 years, Mincom MineMarket has helped provide full supply chain visibility to leading mining organisations around the world,” said Jessop. “With the newest release of MineMarket, we’ve broadened the product’s feature set to help our customers achieve even greater productivity and efficiency gains. We can do this by enabling decision-making based on fact, and not on guesswork.”Mincom MineMarket version 4.4 is available now.
Shell Lubricants Technology has announced a two-year research and development partnership with State Key Laboratory of Tribology in Tsinghua University, one of China’s most prestigious institutions. The partnership will focus on work to deepen the understanding of lubrication on textured surfaces. The partnership will generate data which can be used to create innovative solutions for Shell Lubricants’ original equipment manufacturer (OEM) customers and develop research in key areas fundamental to the advancement of lubrication science. The partnership will give Tsinghua University access to Shell’s global lubrication technology expertise based in Shell technology centres in the UK, Germany, the USA and China, and will give Shell the opportunity to work closely with world class lubricant scientists and tribologists to create innovative solutions that could be beneficial to Shell customers.Cheng Chen, Shell Global Solutions (US) Inc. scientist for industrial products, said: “We are very pleased to be partnering with Tsinghua University, which is renowned for its excellent research heritage and top-of-the-range facilities. Creating technical edges and competitive solutions for our customers is at the heart of our business, and as such, we hope that working with the team at Tsinghua will deliver some key insights that will enhance our understanding of textured surface lubrication and help us to continue providing and developing innovative solutions for our customers.”Professor Meng Yonggang of Tsinghua University said: “As a top university in China, we are pleased to partner with Shell, a global company with vast industry experience and years of working in the lubrication industry. We look forward to leveraging the technological expertise from both sides to create innovative solutions for the industry.”The State Key Laboratory of Tribology boasts some of the world’s most advanced resources and research specialisations, such as laser etching techniques. The laboratory’s research will focus specifically on the ‘deliberate texturing’ of surfaces in applications with moving parts. The aim will be to reduce friction and enhance surface protection, by using advanced, specialised laser-focused ion beams and photolithography techniques to create various shaped “dimples” on surfaces with diameters in the range of 50-200 microns, and depths of 2-10 microns. This is a highly specialised scientific process which not all research facilities have the capabilities to perform, thus making this partnership very valuable.Earlier this year, Shell opened its first Lubricants Technical Service Centre (TSC) in Zhuhai, China. The TSC is the latest addition to Shell’s global technology centre network, which brings together teams of world-class scientists and engineers, many of whom are leaders in their respective fields. Key Shell customers and automotive OEMs already benefit extensively from the technical research, training and marketing services that are developed in these centres.
As a leading manufacturer of conveyor belts for the mining industry, ContiTech Conveyor Belt Group says it offers “flexible, qualified, and customer-oriented service worldwide.” On August 1, 2014, this business unit of ContiTech opened a sales office in Lima, Peru, where the goal is to build up a local service team that supervises projects on location.“Peru’s mining sector is the fastest growing mining sector in South America. Many investments are being planned for the coming years. Furthermore, Peru has a large number of mineral resources that have not yet been tapped into,” said Silvia Braatz, Director of Peru Operations, adding: “Our target groups are therefore primarily mining companies and the mining industry.” The team will focus on the high-quality textile and steel cord conveyor belts made by ContiTech.The sales office will mainly be operated by the ContiTech production location in Santiago, Chile. “With the company strategy ‘ContiTech Conveyor Belts – First Choice,’ we manufacture according to German quality standards and our products profit worldwide from the know-how of our engineers. Furthermore, we are able to guarantee short transport routes this way,” explained Braatz. In addition to the sale of textile and steel cord conveyor belts, like ContiTech STAHLCORD for example, the development of a service team is also being planned. Amongst other things, the employees will handle assembly work as well as repairs directly at the mine operators in Peru.
IMS has announced the acquisition of a patent pending state-of-the-art dewatering technology that is “inexpensive, reusable, scalable, and does not require polymers.” The technology was invented by an IMS Versi-Dredge customer and then successfully trialled in the US and Europe. IMS recently sold several GeoPools to a customer in the US. Ryan Horton, IMS Dredges Vice President, told IM that the technology “would work well for dewatering mine tailings and settling pond slurries.”The GeoPool dewatering system can operate continuously in a two pool configuration. One pool is cleaned out while the other pool is actively filled. A single Y-fitting with two knife gate valves controls flow to each pool. Dewatering is a key obstacle facing dredge contractors around the globe. “The IMS GeoPool is an innovative dewatering solution that is inexpensive, reusable, scalable, and easy to set up. The system is comprised of a series of 3 m wide x 1.8 m tall dismountable hot dip galvanised steel frames. The frames are linked together to form a circular pool-like structure that is lined with IMS’s unique GeoFabric. It is not the same material as geotextile tube fabric.”The GeoPool filters out thousands of gallons per minute. A hydraulic dredge pumps the slurry directly into the GeoPool. The water from the slurry permeates through the filter fabric, and the solids are retained in the pool. Once a pool is full it is ready for dry down, which takes anywhere from 3-4 days depending on material. Some materials, including ultra fine clays, may take longer and might need a polymer to improve effluent clarity. Once the pool is dry the patent pending GeoPool Collapsible Cleanout Gates are dropped, and tracked earthmovers can enter the pool and remove the dry and stackable solids. During dry down the dredge discharge is diverted to a second pool to allow for continuous operation.The GeoPool is cleaned out with tracked excavators and the fabric is reusable. If the fabric becomes clogged then the user can simply use a power washer to clean it. In addition to the standard dewatering through the filter fabric, the patent pending GeoPool Dump Doors allow for rapid bulk dewatering of clear surface water speeding up the entire process. “The GeoPool’s affordability makes rapid dewatering technology available to contractors and government entities both small and large. IMS GeoPools are reusable so they are a less expensive proposition than geotextile tubes for medium to large projects and for contractors that use geotextile tubes for many of their projects. In addition to this feature, the GeoPools can handle a much larger volume of material than geotextile tubes. It would take 10-40 geotextile tubes to equal the dewatering capacity of one GeoPool. Furthermore, 10 large non-reusable geotextile tubes cost approximately the same as a small GeoPool configuration.”Dewatering bentonite clay was one of the first projects completed with a GeoPool in the US. The material was very fine, but the GeoPool was able to produce an effluent discharge of approximately 200 ppm total suspended solids without a drop of polymer. Results were verified at Astro-Chem Lab Inc. The single GeoPool can hold up to ten times the volume of material as a 22.8 m circumference x 30 m long geotextile tube or over twenty five times the volume of material as a 13.7 m circumference x 30 m long geotextile tube.“Making dewatering technology available to the masses at an affordable price” is IMS’s goal with the GeoPool, and that is why IMS has put in place financing options for the purchase of one or more GeoPools, both in the US and globally. “I have been in the industry for 15 years and developing a dewatering technology that is accessible to the entire market and not just to a select few has always been a priority. It is rewarding to see that day is finally here,” said Horton.