The Story of McScam and Professional Canners Stories That Fascinated Us This

first_img Entrepreneur Staff Enroll Now for $5 The staff of Entrepreneur.com share the articles we loved from other publications. Next Article –shares August 10, 2018 Entrepreneur Staff Add to Queue 2 min read Image credit: Bloomberg | Getty Images Learn from renowned serial entrepreneur David Meltzer how to find your frequency in order to stand out from your competitors and build a brand that is authentic, lasting and impactful. Net neutrality activists, not hackers, crashed the FCC’s comment systemRemember when Net Neutrality was a thing? Remember when a lot of people tried to save it last May, but then the FCC’s comment system crashed? At the time, the agency suggested it was a coordinated attack by hackers. Now, they’re saying it was system overload — largely caused by a Last Week Tonight segment by John Oliver. Who said TV is dying? — Hayden FieldBehind Hollywood’s A-List Bidding War for a McDonald’s Monopoly ArticleI was fascinated by the original article “McScam: How an Ex-Cop Rigged McDonald’s Monopoly Game and Stole Millions.” But, the backstory on how the article’s author and a partner deliberately “planted” the story as a way to get Hollywood to bid for the movie rights — which ultimately led to a payday as big as the McDonald’s Monopoly Game grand prize — is just as captivating. It just goes to show the power of the press in promoting your business venture, and how sometimes it pays to reach potential investors in unconventional ways. — Liz WebberInside The World Of NYC ‘Canners’ Who Survive By Collecting Recyclable Cans & BottlesIt’s stories like these that are both wholly inspiring and downright depressing. Some of the individuals spotlighted by author Francesca Berardi work up to 10 hours, constantly on the move. Members of this profession — finding bottles and cans to earn up to five cents each — include a range of people from struggling addicts to parents. It’s a slice of New York City life that most of us are witness to, but never think about. — Stephen J. Bronner The Story of ‘McScam’ and Professional Canners: Stories That Fascinated Us This Week Fascinating Stories Fireside Chat | July 25: Three Surprising Ways to Build Your Brandlast_img read more

Why Do So Many Americans Now Support Legalizing Marijuana

first_imgLegal Marijuana Keep up with the latest trends and news in the cannabis industry with our free articles and videos, plus subscribe to the digital edition of Green Entrepreneur magazine. May 14, 2019 –shares By Amy Adamczyk, Professor of Sociology and Criminal Justice, City University of New York; Christopher Thomas, Ph.D Candidate in Criminal Justice, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, and Jacob Felson, Associate Professor of Sociology, William Paterson UniversityAmerican views on marijuana have shifted incredibly rapidly. Thirty years ago, cannabis legalization seemed like a lost cause. In 1988, only 24 percent of Americans supported legalization.But steadily, the nation began to liberalize. By 2018, 66 percent of U.S. residents offered their approval, transforming marijuana legalization from a libertarian fantasy into a mainstream cause. Many state laws have changed as well. Over the last quarter-century, 10 states have legalized recreational marijuana, while 22 states have legalized medical marijuana.So why has public opinion changed dramatically in favor of legalization? In a study published this February, we examined a range of possible reasons, finding that the media likely had the greatest influence.It’s Not About Use, Geography, or DemographicsOur study ruled out a few obvious possibilities.For one, it’s not about marijuana use. Yes, cannabis use has increased. Data from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health show that, in 2002, about 10 percent of adults reported using cannabis the previous year. By 2015, 13.5 percent reported using. But that increase is too small to have had much of an impact on attitudes.And it’s not about older, more conservative Americans being replaced by younger generations who are more familiar with marijuana. Both younger and older people developed more liberal views about the legalization of marijuana at a similar pace over the last 30 years. In this way, changes in attitudes about marijuana legalization mirror recent increases in support for LGBTQ individuals.We looked to see if people who lived in states where it was illegal, but resided next to ones where it became legal, were more likely to have changed their views. But the rate of change has been no different in states that legalized marijuana than in others.Likewise, the pace of change has been similar across political parties, religions, educational levels, racial and ethnic groups and gender. As politically polarized as the country may seem, when it comes to marijuana, Americans have been changing their attitudes together, as a nation.We did find that a small part of the increase in support was related to more people disaffiliating with religion. The proportion of people who do not identify with a religion has increased some, by about 7 percent between 2007 and 2014. People who do not have a religion tend to be more liberal than others. However, this factor accounts for only a small proportion of the change.Media Medical FramingSo what’s going on? What has likely made the biggest difference is how the media has portrayed marijuana. Support for legalization began to increase shortly after the news media began to frame cannabis as a medical issue.We took The New York Times as a case study, looking at the number of published articles from 1983 to 2015 about marijuana. Just before the number of Americans supporting legalization began to increase, we found a sharp increase in the proportion of articles about marijuana that discussed its medical uses.In the 1980s, the vast majority of New York Times stories about marijuana were about drug trafficking and abuse or other Schedule I drugs. At that time, The New York Times was more likely to lump marijuana together in a kind of unholy trinity with cocaine and heroin in discussions about drug smuggling, drug dealers and the like.During the 1990s, stories discussing marijuana in criminal terms became less prevalent. Meanwhile, the number of articles discussing the medical uses of marijuana slowly increased. By the late 1990s, marijuana was rarely discussed in the context of drug trafficking and drug abuse. And marijuana had lost its association with other Schedule I drugs like cocaine and heroin in the New York Times. Gradually, the stereotypical persona of the marijuana user shifted from the stoned slacker wanting to get high to the aging boomer seeking pain relief.Of course, many Americans do not read The New York Times. But analysis of newspapers of record, like this one, provide insight into how the news media has changed its framing of marijuana, especially during an era when newspapers were still a primary news source.Harsh Criminal Justice SystemAs Americans became more supportive of marijuana legalization, they also increasingly told survey researchers that the criminal justice system was too harsh.In the late 1980s, the “war on drugs” and sentencing reform laws put a large number of young men, often black and Latino, behind bars for lengthy periods of time. As Americans started to feel the full social and economic effects of tough-on-crime initiatives, they reconsidered the problems with criminalizing marijuana.Because support for the legalization of marijuana and concerns about the harshness of the criminal justice system changed at about the same time, it’s difficult to know what came first. Did concern about the harshness of the criminal justice system affect support for legalization – or vice versa?By contrast, the cause and effect is clearer with respect to the media framing of marijuana. The news media’s portrayal of marijuana began to change shortly before the public did, suggesting that the media influenced support for the legalization of marijuana.Once attitudes begin to change, it is difficult to know what keeps the momentum moving. Whatever the initial impetus, attitudes today are drastically more supportive, and legalization is increasing fast.This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article. Why Do So Many Americans Now Support Legalizing Marijuana? Download Our iOS App Image credit: Pacific Press | Getty Imagescenter_img 5 min read Add to Queue Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own. As politically polarized as the country is, Americans have been changing their attitudes toward marijuana together, as a nation. Next Article Free Green Entrepreneur Applast_img read more

How to Survive the Worst PC Disasters

first_img Brought to you by PCWorld Learn how to successfully navigate family business dynamics and build businesses that excel. Can’t get your PC to boot? Or just sent your boss a really embarrassing e-mail? Here’s how to recover from these and ten other potential catastrophes. Free Webinar | July 31: Secrets to Running a Successful Family Business May 24, 2007 –shares Next Article 11 min read Readers’ Tales of PC DisastersTo read more users’ PC horror stories or add yours, go to our forum discussion on PC disasters. Also see both our slide show on using HijackThis and a video on salvaging wet gear.’Resuscitating a Dead Hard Drive’ by PC World.com reader Nathan WiestI once had a very perplexing case when I was still in school for my Microcomputer Technology degree. A lady at work had come to me saying that her hard drive would not work at all. Not unusual, since hard drives go bad, and many a hard drive won’t boot because of a virus or some kind of spyware. She was worried because it had a lot of family photos and documents on it, and I didn’t mind the thought of being a hero and saving her drive!As I had suspected, the drive had crashed. There was no booting into Windows, and it made a weird noise. After messing around with it for a couple of hours and doing some research, I was about to say sorry, can’t fix it, but then I stumbled on something: Freezing your hard drive. I had heard of it once before but never actually heard of anyone successfully freezing their hard drive and then retrieving some data. I thought, what the heck, this could be worth it to try, especially since the drive was already gone.We tried it all right. We stuck the thing in a freezer for about 18 hours. It was wrapped in a paper towel and placed inside a plastic baggy, so no condensation would accumulate on any circuits or connectors. When I plugged the thing in to our test computer, I was shocked…it booted up fine and I was able to pull off most of the data she could remember having lost. It didn’t completely make sense to me until afterwards, and most people won’t believe me when I tell them this story, but the metal shrinks when it gets cold, duh! So if the head is touching the platter, then you freeze it, the head may pull away from the platter just enough for you to read the data again. Of course, it only works for about 20 minutes until the drive heats back up, but wow, it was a great way to be a hero!I have used this technique a few times since, not all of the times successful, nor as important, but this is still a very worthwhile procedure. This is just one cool, bizarre, and useful way to reverse a relatively common computer disaster.’Diagnosing a Bad BIOS’ by PC World.com reader Shane MitchellI had no problems with the computer when I went to bed that Sunday night, and it was not used until I came back from classes Monday. I sat down to do my homework with trusty iTunes providing my study tunes for only a few minutes before my sound began to crackle and do its best to act as though it was a radio being jammed before ceasing to work completely. Oftentimes the miracle cure is a quick reboot, so that was my first reaction. But my rocking studyfest was ruined by interference yet again.I decided it was time to upgrade drivers. I had no trouble finding the drivers, but little did I know that finding the drivers would be the last good thing to happen for a while… My first boot back in after the new drivers went well for about 2 seconds after logging in before my computer froze. But then it unfroze. But then it froze again. And……so it…… repeated…..For every two seconds of use I was forced to endure a complete freeze for another two seconds. I managed to pull up Task Manager and see that my processor usage was jumping between 100% and around 0. Now while I am aware that this is a telltale sign of spyware and malware using your processor to perform their nasty deeds, I was reasonably confident in my antivirus and antiadware protection system. But it was growing late, so I powered my computer off for the night.Somehow the problem grew worse overnight. When I next tried to start up my computer, I got as far as the Windows Loading Flag before the computer froze. Hoping for a fluke, I hit the reset button only to have my computer reboot and not even detect that the hard drive with Windows on it existed! A part of me wondered whether I had discovered an incredible new exploit where one could somehow infect the sound card of a computer and have the infection progress to knocking out a hard drive.Not wanting to give up, I powered off the machine again and was luckily able to get the machine to detect the hard drive again and boot into Windows using Safe mode. So I set to work on troubleshooting the hard drive with system restore, deactivating all startup processes and programs save for the Windows necessities as well as using chkdsk and fixmbr from the Windows Recovery Console. Unfortunately, none of this made a difference. Finally, I tried a repair installation, but it could not complete without freezing either.Fortunately, I run a computer with 3 hard drives and enough space to transfer all the music and files I wanted to save from the main hard drive with Windows to a backup drive, so I decided a format was in order. The format went off without a hitch and I managed to get through most of the 70-something updates for Windows for a new installation before I had to do my first reboot. Sure enough, it froze on the loading screen!At this point I decided to replace the SATA cable for the hard drive with a new one, and I even changed the SATA slot the hard drive was on. It booted once with no problems before the loading freeze occured again after the next set of updates. I was still convinced the problem was in the hard drive despite the unusual problems with the sounds and the processor that had happened earlier. However, with the next reboot I lost even my Safe Boot option when my boot halted on the error ‘DISK BOOT FAILURE: INSERT SYSTEM DISC AND PRESS ENTER’.I found out I could bypass this error simply by having my XP CD in the drive and having the system ask me if I wanted to boot from it and just wait for that message to time out before booting to my choice of a frozen loading screen or Safe Mode. At this point I was ready to abandon my SATA drive and install windows on one of my other drives.So I completed my second installation of XP in as many days and got through the updates and a few good boots before THAT hard drive began to have problems! I got the boot hanging error ‘ntldr.sys not found’. It was as though my computer were asking “Do you think I could survive a toss out that second-story window next to you?” I was nearly ready to oblige my computer with an answer to that query when I had a sudden flash of random insight. Could the problem be my BIOS?I decided to try a repair install of the ntldr-crippled hard drive to see if I could get into Windows and attempt to update the BIOS. I suceeded in getting back into Windows and found the nifty Windows Based BIOS Flashing utility that ASUS has on its Web site. The BIOS updated successfully, and the ntldr error was banished back to the void from which such problems originate. I soon found myself back in Windows, and there was much rejoicing!I’ve been using that drive ever since (3 months), and though I never found out what caused these problems, the SATA drive is behaving just fine as data storage with no operating system. I managed to solve the problem without destroying my computer, losing my sanity, or spending a dollar on a replacement part! And now that I’ve monopolized most of the space on this forum page (sorry) I shall end this essay…’Vanished Data–Found’ by PC World.com reader Bob DrakeBack in the days of DOS, I was always rather confident about the security of my hard drive data. I had not one, nor even just two, but three hard drives installed on my machine! One I used for files, the second stored my programs, and the third I used for backing up data. I was religious about it. Several times a day I’d enter a few simple commands and back up everything–programs and data alike–on the third, very large (by standards of the day) hard drive.When Win95 was introduced, I refused to install it for a year. It was important to be certain that the bugs were fixed, and that my system would be safe. After the reports began to settle down and it seemed secure, I decided to make the move.Immediately after installing the OS, my computer began running in “spurts.” It would start, then stop. Start, then stop. Start then… nada. Nothing. Zilch. Irritated, I decided to boot from a DOS disk, reformat the C: drive, and return to DOS. I rebooted, only to discover that there were no remnants of data on the C: drive! “How annoying,” I thought. Still, I wasn’t too concerned since I had backed up all the data prior to loading Win95. With complete confidence, I formatted C:, then went to my D: drive. Nothing.A slight tingle ran down my spine, and it wasn’t from the power source. I checked the E: drive. Nothing. Nothing! How could that be?! I had 15 years worth of work, dating back to the days of CPM, that were stored on that drive. Where did it go?! In a panic, I phoned Microsoft Tech Support. The phone calls continued daily for over two weeks, always with the same result. “We’ve never heard of this happening before. Sorry. There’s nothing I can suggest.”Long distance call after long distance call (none of them toll free, and all during prime rate periods) yielded the same result. Finally, one sympathetic soul gave me the name and number of a fellow who worked for Microsoft in Texas. With only the slimmest of hopes, I dialed his number. We chatted for almost 45 minutes while I explained the situation and answered his questions.”I bet I know what’s happened,” he said in an all-too-casual way.”Is that good?” I asked. “Can we recover anything?”Without replying directly, he instructed me to format a floppy (I was still able to work from the A: drive), and then told me to create a small .bat file, the contents of which he dictated. I did. I looked at C:, but nothing was there. I checked D:, and had the same result. Feeling completely defeated, I looked at E: I looked at E: again. I looked at E:, and screamed with joy into the telephone–it’s there!!Without realizing it, I had “compressed” the other two drives. It was a common technique for getting as much space as possible from a hard disk back in those days (when a 40-megabyte hard drive seemed limitless). What he correctly guessed was that when formatting C:, I had unknowingly deleted the file instructing the system how to read those drives as compressed when I reformatted my C: drive! By recreating the file, I was able to read the info from E:. Why it didn’t work on the other two drives, I still don’t know. The important thing was, I had all those irreplaceable files that I thought I’d never see again!I took his name, address, and his supervisor’s information to write a glowing, heartfelt thank-you note, praising his work. If he didn’t receiving a whopping salary bonus as a result, it’s not because he didn’t deserve it!Share your own PC horror story, and read more from other users, at our forum.Christopher Null is a veteran journalist who covers technology topics daily through his blog at Christopher Null, The Working Guy. Register Now » How to Survive the Worst PC Disasters Add to Queue Technologylast_img read more

US Nutrition Labels Get a Makeover But New Version Wont Be Seen

first_img Free Webinar | Sept 5: Tips and Tools for Making Progress Toward Important Goals U.S. Nutrition Labels Get a Makeover, But New Version Won’t Be Seen for Years Register Now » Attend this free webinar and learn how you can maximize efficiency while getting the most critical things done right. FDA Reporter February 27, 2014 –shares Next Article The Obama administration released its proposed revamp of nutrition labeling on food – the biggest change that the ubiquitous packaging has received in more than 20 years.The biggest adjustments intended for guide shoppers toward healthier eating habits includes changes such as more prominent calorie counts and larger serving sizes that reflect what people really eat. Added sugars would also be listed for the first time.“Our guiding principle here is very simple: that you as a parent and a consumer should be able to walk into your local grocery store, pick up an item off the shelf, and be able to tell whether it’s good for your family,” said First Lady Michelle Obama in a statement. Related: Chipotle’s New Series Feels Like House of Cards, But Without the Good PartsThe labeling revamp has been in the works for 10 years, with the first lady acting as a key player in getting the proposal out of the FDA. But consumers will have to wait several more years until the labels actually go into use, as the FDA must go through a review process prior to implementing new packaging.The administration estimates the relabeling could cost the industry $2 billion to implement, but will result in $20 billion to $30 billion in health-care savings and other benefits over 20 years.More extreme changes, such as front-of-the-package labeling and color coded emphasis on added sugars or saturated fat, didn’t make it into the FDA proposal. However, some changes will remain controversial, such as reporting added sugar, with industry groups arguing that natural sugar and added sugar are chemically identical. Related: How This Food Blogger Convinced Chick-fil-A to Go Antibiotics Free 2 min read Kate Taylor Add to Queuelast_img read more

Holocaust survivors had higher rates of chronic conditions but lower mortality than

first_img Source:https://media.jamanetwork.com/news-item/holocaust-survivors-had-higher-rates-of-chronic-conditions-lower-rates-of-death/ Reviewed by Alina Shrourou, B.Sc. (Editor)Jan 4 2019Holocaust survivors had higher rates of chronic conditions but lower rates of death than a comparison group of individuals insured by the same healthcare services organization in Israel. Biological and psychosocial reasons that may help to explain the findings need more study but researchers suggest unique characteristics of resilience among Holocaust survivors and better health literacy may be among the possibilities.This observational study included more than 38,000 Holocaust survivors in Israel who were born between 1911 and 1945 in Europe and nearly 35,000 people in a control group born in Israel during those same years. Both groups were insured by Maccabi Healthcare Services in Israel. The study used data collected from 1998 through 2017 and looked at heart disease, chronic kidney disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, osteoporosis, diabetes, hypertension, cancer and death.​last_img read more

The electronics industry sees money in your health

first_img This article was reprinted from khn.org with permission from the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Kaiser Health News, an editorially independent news service, is a program of the Kaiser Family Foundation, a nonpartisan health care policy research organization unaffiliated with Kaiser Permanente. Reviewed by Kate Anderton, B.Sc. (Editor)Jan 16 2019If the scores of personal health care devices at the Consumer Electronics Show last week are any indication, it’s clear that the Apple Watch has kicked off a rush by high-tech companies to capitalize on people’s worries about their health.The latest version of the watch, which was announced last fall, detects a fibrillating heart and a propensity for falls. What other manufacturers learned from that is that you can make money if you can create a worry about a problem that people didn’t realize they had and also create a solution for that worry via a high-tech product. Many of the products at the mammoth annual show seemed to be following that strategy.In A Rush To Brush?Take, for instance, the problem of the length of time it takes to brush your teeth. With Y-Brush, you can cut down that onerous two-minute recommended time to 10 seconds, and supposedly still get your teeth cleaner.Makers of the Y-shaped device say it brushes all your top and then bottom teeth in five seconds each, giving each tooth four times the brush exposure it would get with a typical two-minute tooth-by-tooth brushing regimen recommended for users of a conventional electric toothbrush.The company says its device removes 15 percent more plaque than a traditional toothbrush. And, of course, you’ve freed up an additional 110 seconds in your life each time you brush.The $125 Y-Brush handle and brush will be sold online this year; additional brush heads, which need to be replaced every six months, will cost $25.Know Before You Gotta GoAnother problem: You can’t always predict when you need to go to the bathroom. DFree, a sensor worn a half-inch above the pubis bone, predicts when an individual will have to urinate, giving the wearer a chance to gauge how long they can be away from a toilet.The DFree monitors changes in bladder size and transmits that information to a smartphone app, which sends a customizable alert to the person when it’s time to find a toilet. The company says it doesn’t work for pregnant women or toilet-training toddlers.The unit costs $500, or it can be rented for $40 per month, with the rental price applied to an eventual purchase.Making Health A CinchDetecting falls, now a feature of the Apple Watch, is showing up in other devices. Like in this belt, which also can alert you to weight gain as it senses the belt getting tighter. (Yeah, like old-fashioned belts do.) The Welt smart belt, developed with seed money from Samsung, also monitors the time you spend sitting and the number of steps taken. Connected to a smartphone app (naturally), Welt suggests when a user should stand or change their eating habits and will also send a customized alert after a fall.For Top-Condition Cognition There was no shortage at the show of devices to improve your mental abilities. BrainTap, an app-based subscription series of audio music and vocal stimulations, provides visualization exercises that the company says will retrain your brain to allow you to relax, reduce stress and maximize your ability to lose weight.The company charges $10 to $30 a month for the series, based on whether you need to address only one or more conditions.As an added benefit, the company also sells an oddly priced $547 headset that beams blue light into your eyes. It uses light to stimulate your ears, following precepts of something called auriculotherapy, which employs light to activate, the company says, “the meridians known to directly affect the body’s organs and systems.”EKGs On The GoThe electronics industry seems to believe it can make money convincing people they should be worried about their hearts. A number of products that take a simplified form of an electrocardiogram (EKG) are already on the market, the Apple Watch and Kardia among them. The WitCard, from WitMonki, is a credit card-size device that, by touching two thumbs and one index finger, sends results to one’s health care provider where, using the company’s WitDisplayer portal, EKG readings over time can be compared and appropriate action taken when necessary.Related StoriesResearch sheds light on sun-induced DNA damage and repairNovel bed system with VR brainwave-control for sleep blissStroke should be treated 15 minutes earlier to save lives, study suggestsThe battery-operated WitCard is undergoing trials for European Union certification and approval by the Food and Drug Administration, and could cost about $120.Monitoring Your EnergyEver worry about whether you are burning carbs or fats? Well, now there’s a way. Breathe into the Lumen device each morning to get a reading of your carbon dioxide concentration. Based on that, a phone app determines how yesterday’s sleep, exercise and eating choices affected your ability to burn carbs or fats. Lumen also promises to tell you if you have sufficient energy stores before exercising (and what to do about it), why you feel tired all the time and how to alter your diet to lose weight.The company expects to ship its $249 device this August.Monitoring Your SleepPhilips, the giant electronics company, has become the latest company to soothe our worries about not getting enough sleep. Its SmartSleep, a $400 headband worn in bed, emits audible tones that supposedly detect and boost slow-wave, or deep, sleep — a time when breathing and heart rate are at their slowest.The intent of SmartSleep is to keep the wearer in the deep-sleep zone longer; it does not increase the amount of time one sleeps or help someone fall or stay asleep. And, if you are older, you are out of luck, as the device is recommended for people between 18 and 50. Philips says the slow-wave activity declines as we age and becomes more difficult to detect.A High-Tech Pill DispenserFinally, an obvious problem: how to remember to take multiple drugs multiple times per day. And, of course, there is a just-as-obvious solution: automated drug-dispensing devices.One of the latest products to attempt this is RxPense, which offers high-tech bells and whistles. The machine is loaded with hermetically sealed pill blister cards by a participating pharmacy. Once the card’s bar code confirms it’s the proper one and loaded into the machine, the patient is identified by facial recognition, an RFID bracelet or a PIN, and the proper pill pack, confirmed by the bar code on the packaging, is dispensed at the set time.But wait, there is more. A camera records the dispensed pills and the patient’s removal of them. Missed doses are not dispensed.The RxPense can be leased for $150 a month.The device can’t tell whether the patient has actually ingested the pill. For that, pills will need to include a digestible RFID tag to track its trip through the body. The FDA approved Abilify MyCite, the first drug with a built-in tracking sensor, in 2017.Don’t be surprised to see a device at next year’s show that can tell you where those tagged pills are.last_img read more

Psychologists find link between working memory and sleep age depressed mood

first_img Source:https://www.ucr.edu/ Reviewed by Alina Shrourou, B.Sc. (Editor)May 12 2019A team of psychologists has found strong associations between working memory — a fundamental building block of a functioning mind — and three health-related factors: sleep, age, and depressed mood. The team also reports that each of these factors is associated with different aspects of working memory.Working memory is the part of short-term memory that temporarily stores and manages information required for cognitive tasks such as learning, reasoning, and comprehension. Working memory is critically involved in many higher cognitive functions, including intelligence, creative problem-solving, language, and action-planning. It plays a major role in how we process, use, and remember information.The researchers, led by Weiwei Zhang, an assistant professor of psychology at the University of California, Riverside, found that age is negatively related to the “qualitative” aspect of working memory–that is, how strong or how accurate the memory is. In other words, the older the person, the weaker and less precise the person’s memory. In contrast, poor sleep quality and depressed mood are linked to a reduced likelihood of remembering a previously experienced event — the “quantitative” aspect of working memory.”Other researchers have already linked each of these factors separately to overall working memory function, but our work looked at how these factors are associated with memory quality and quantity – the first time this has been done,” Zhang said. “All three factors are interrelated. For example, seniors are more likely to experience negative mood than younger adults. Poor sleep quality is also often associated with depressed mood. The piecemeal approach used in previous investigations on these relationships — examining the relationship between one of these health-related factors and working memory — could open up the possibility that an observed effect may be influenced by other factors.”Related StoriesNovel bed system with VR brainwave-control for sleep blissUnpleasant experiences could be countered with a good night’s REM sleepI’m a CPAP dropout: Why many lose sleep over apnea treatmentThe researchers are the first to statistically isolate the effects of the three factors on working memory quantity and quality. Although all three factors contribute to a common complaint about foggy memory, they seem to behave in different ways and may result from potentially independent mechanisms in the brain. These findings could lead to future interventions and treatments to counteract the negative impacts of these factors on working memory.Research results appear in the Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society.The researchers performed two studies. In the first study, they sampled 110 college students for self-reported measures of sleep quality and depressed mood and their independent relationship to experimental measures of working memory. In the second study, the researchers sampled 31 members of a community ranging in age from 21 to 77 years. In this study, the researchers investigated age and its relationship to working memory.”We are more confident now about how each one of these factors impacts working memory,” Zhang said. “This could give us a better understanding of the underlying mechanism in age-related dementia. For the mind to work at its best, it is important that senior citizens ensure they have good sleep quality and be in a good mood.”Zhang was joined in the research by Weizhen Xie of UCR; Anne Berry of UC Berkeley; and Cindy Lustig and Patricia Deldin of the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.Next, the team plans to work on potential interventions for memory decline with age.last_img read more

Chandrakant Patil is new chief of Maharashtra BJP

first_imgMUMBAI: Ahead of the Maharashtra assembly elections, the BJP on Tuesday appointed state revenue minister Chandrakant Patil and party MLA Mangal Prabhat Lodha as presidents of the state and Mumbai city units, respectively. While Patil has replaced Raosaheb Danve, who resigned as the Maharashtra BJP chief after his induction into Union cabinet, Lodha, a builder and the richest MLA, will take place of Ashish Shelar who was recently appointed as a minister in the state government. As per BJP constitution, a party leader cannot continue to hold the same post for more than two terms. Shelar had served as the president of the Mumbai unit for the last six years. “I request the party to appoint a full time state president for strengthening the party organisation. I need to focus on my ministerial portfolio and parliamentary responsibilities,” Danve said while announcing his resignation as the state unit president. Sources said that Patil, believed to be the number two in the state Cabinet, has the task cut out for him to ensure that the BJP retains power with an improved mandate. The elections for the 288-member House are due in September-October this year. Patil hails from Kolhapur district in western Maharashtra, once a stronghold of the Congress and the NCP. With Patil’s appointment, the presidents of the state units of the BJP, the Congress and the NCP now hail from the western Maharashtra region. While newly-appointed state Congress chief Balasaheb Thorat comes from Ahmednagar district, his NCP counterpart Jayant Patil belongs to Sangli district. Lodha represents Malabar Hill constituency in south Mumbai. In 2014 assembly polls, the BJP had emerged as the single largest party by winning 122 seats. The saffron party went on to form a coalition government with the support of the Shiv Sena, which had won 63 seats. In the recently-held Lok Sabha elections, the BJP retained its 2014 tally of 23 seats in Maharashtra, which sends 48 MPs to Lok Sabha. Read this story in MarathiDownload The Times of India News App for Latest India News.XStart your day smart with stories curated specially for youlast_img read more