Reindeer facts

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Reindeer have feet like snowshoes, antlers like a rocking chair, and connections in story and song to Santa Claus.But they don’t live wild in Ohio.Neither do caribou, which belong to the same species (see No. 2 below).And Marne Titchenell — who’s a wildlife program specialist with the College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences at The Ohio State University — hasn’t even seen them in Alaska.“I went there a couple of years ago,” she said. “I thought I had a good chance, considering there are more caribou there than people. But no dice.“I’ve had to rely on the ones I’ve seen at the Columbus Zoo.”Titchenell has a sleighful of experience, however, with a reindeer and caribou relative.White-tailed deer live in all 88 of Ohio’s counties, have reached nuisance levels in some cities, and part of her job is teaching workshops that show people ways to deal with them.There’s a tiny bit of good news, she said: “I can confidently say, with the backing of the scientific community, that white-tailed deer can’t fly.”She’s less firm when it comes to reindeer. “I’ve never seen one fly,” she said. “But I keep looking.”Especially Dec. 24.Confirmed reindeer facts include the following:1. Reindeer used to be Buckeyes.Once upon a time, about, hmmm, at least 10,000 years ago — until the end of the Pleistocene Ice Age — reindeer lived in the area that became Ohio.Paleontologists have found reindeer fossils in the Buckeye State and Georgia, Kentucky, Tennessee, North Carolina and West Virginia, among others.2. Reindeer are the same things as caribou. In general. But maybe, somewhat, not.Reindeer and caribou belong to the same species, which is Rangifer tarandus. In general, people use “caribou” in North America, “reindeer” in Europe and Asia.“Caribou” also tends to refer to the larger, wild R. tarandus types, like the ones in Canada and Alaska, while “reindeer” often, but not always, means the slightly smaller, domesticated kinds, like many of the ones in Scandinavia.Scientists say in all, there are 14 R. tarandus subspecies and at least four domesticated breeds.A 2013 study complicates matters. Based on DNA analysis, the study suggested that reindeer/caribou should be in two groups. One group is the caribou in southern Canada. The other group is the caribou in Alaska and northern Canada plus the reindeer in Europe and Asia.The scientists who did the study said the Ice Age split the two groups apart about 200,000 years ago, and their genes and adaptations to their environment, including to changing climates, are somewhat different because of it.3. Reindeer are deer.Reindeer are members of the Cervidae, or deer, family. The Cervidae family, to name a few, includes elk, moose and Ohio’s white-tailed deer.4. Reindeer do go click, click, click.Reindeer make a clicking sound when they walk, and not just when up on a housetop. Tendons snap over sesamoid bones in their feet, and that’s what makes the click.Experts think the clicking helps the members of a herd stay in contact, especially in snowstorms or, say, when it’s foggy.5. Reindeer also vocalize.Reindeer cows grunt to their calves. Calves bleat and bawl to their mothers. Males snort, hoot, bellow and rattle hoarsely when trying to attract a mate. A special inflatable air sac in the neck gives the calls of the males extra oomph.6. When a reindeer senses danger, it may sniff, listen, stare, urinate, “wheeze-snort,” rear up and jump in the air like a stallion, then run away, often in that order.Scientists call the rearing up and jumping an “excitation leap.” It’s a visual warning to other reindeer. It could mean there’s a predator coming, like a wolf, a bear or a fearsome, toothy, bounceable biped you could even describe as abominable.7. There’s a reason a reindeer can have a red nose — at least on the inside. And it’s gross.Flies called reindeer nose bot flies may deposit their larvae in a reindeer’s nostrils. The larvae then grow in the throat or sinuses. One of the results can be inflammation. But you couldn’t really say the nose glows. The reindeer sneezes them out in spring.8. A reindeer runs faster than a grandma.A reindeer can run at speeds of up to 48 miles per hour. A grandma walking home from someone’s house Christmas Eve, or any other day, averages about 3 miles per hour. If both the reindeer and grandma were traveling in the same direction and following the same path, the grandma indeed and unfortunately would get run over by the reindeer.Even Olympic gold-medal-winning sprinter Elaine Thompson, who’s capable of about 21 miles per hour over 100 meters, would have hoof prints.9. “Up on the House Top” — and its composer’s house — have histories in Ohio.Finally, there’s a reindeer tie to Ohio in music. Benjamin Hanby — who was born in Rushville, lived in Westerville and went to Otterbein University — composed “Up on the House Top” in 1864. According to its Wikipedia entry, the song is “considered the first Yuletide song focused primarily on Santa Claus” — and his four-footed, foot-clicking helpers.Hanby was a minister, abolitionist and helped with the Underground Railroad. Today, his Westerville home is preserved as the Hanby House State Memorial, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places, and is included in the National Park Service’s Network to Freedom of significant Underground Railroad sites.last_img read more

Pandora Partners With…Clear Channel?

first_imgUpdated at 1pm PST with quote from Pandora founder Tim Westergren below. Updated August 4th with comment from Clear Channel PR.Streaming music service Pandora has entered into an ad sales partnership with a subsidiary of media conglomerate Clear Channel, a move that should help ensure the service’s long-term financial viability but will likely lead to more ads in the stream and criticism of the independent company for getting in bed with the widely disliked mega-firm.AdAge provided in-depth coverage of the partnership in a report this morning. A zoom out to look at the criticism that Clear Channel has faced and how this impacts music fans is worthwhile as well.Criticisms of Clear ChannelClear Channels’ alleged monopolistic practices have long been criticized in a variety of related industries, including billboards, concert venues and radio stations. The company’s image as a faceless corporate bureaucracy dangerous to the well being of local communities is well illustrated by anecdotes like the following, from Project Censored‘s most under-discussed stories of 2004 collection:“In January 2002, a train carrying 10,000 gallons of anhydrous ammonia derailed in the town of Minot, causing a spill and a toxic cloud. Authorities attempted to warn the residents of Minot to stay indoors and to avoid the spill. But when the authorities called six of the seven radio stations in Minot to issue the warning, no one answered the phones. As it turned out, Clear Channel owned all six of the stations and none of the station’s personnel were available at the time. “The company’s extensive ownership of radio stations has also raised concerns about censorship. After September 11th, 2001 the company famously circulated a list of songs to all its stations that it said should only be played after great thought, including Tom Petty’s “Free Fallin’,” Louis Armstrong’s “What a Wonderful World” and the entire Rage Against the Machine discography.Those are but a few of the many criticisms of Clear Channel. Some users will no doubt be concerned that the same culture will now influence Pandora. That deal will only concern ad sales, the company says, but it’s hard to believe the money connection won’t have at least subtle consequences in other parts of the business.Helping Pandora ThriveStreaming music recommendation service Pandora is wildly popular but has been unsure about its own survival for some time because of the high licensing fees it has been forced by the music industry to pay. Last month the situation appeared to have been resolved, though not without controversy.The new deal with Clear Channel will no doubt make it more likely that Pandora can survive and thrive. It will presumably also mean that there will be more ads in the music stream. The company’s ad-free desktop music player does not appear to be selling well, though appearances could be deceiving. We’ve requested comment from Pandora and will update this post when we hear from them.In the meantime, it’s a situation that many music fans will have complicated feelings about. “It’s a conundrum,” prominent music industry blogger Dave Allen told us by phone this morning. “I’m a big believer in being able to access anything from the cloud, but it still seems early days. Clear Channel, though, that’s a tough one for indie music fans to swallow.”Update: Pandora founder Tim Westergren emailed us the following response:The deal is with [Clear Channel subsidiary] Katz, not Clear Channel. It’s really most akin to an ad network deal (think DoubleClick for audio). It has no bearing on a relationship with Clear Channel (just as using DoubleClick has no implications for a relationship with Google), and will have no impact on our longstanding audio ad strategy – which will continue to be short, tasteful and infrequent. It just allows us to take advantage of an established network of sales folks as we ramp our team to keep up with the growth.We’ll leave it to readers to decide whether they buy that.Update: A PR representative from Clear Channel emailed the following response to this post as well. With regards to the situation in Minot, the public-notification failures connected with the Minot train derailment were a direct result of the local authorities’ failure to install their Emergency Alert System equipment. Instead of using the equipment – which would have allowed authorities to automatically break into the broadcast – as specified by the Emergency Alert System and as successfully done locally by the National Weather service MANY times – the local authorities attempted to use phone lines that were jammed with citizens. That is why the government abandoned the phone-based emergency “broadcast” system seven (7) years before the Minot incident happened. When the truth finally came to light, the local authorities privately apologized to local Clear Channel managers for lying to the media and Congress about the incident — a subsequent Congressional inquiry confirmed that local authorities were at fault that night and that Clear Channel Radio employees went above and beyond their professional responsibilities in responding to this serious situation, during and after the incident occurred.Additionally, Clear Channel does not ban songs – and the company has third-party spins data to prove it. There is no truth to that rumor – there was no list issued by the company after 9/11. An email from a local programmer who had just lost his son was sent to a couple of his colleagues who were programming similar formats describing his personal experience with his overwhelming grief. It was not an official list distributed by the company – in no way, shape or form. 4 Keys to a Kid-Safe App Tags:#Features#music#news#NYT#web Related Posts 9 Books That Make Perfect Gifts for Industry Ex…center_img 5 Outdoor Activities for Beating Office Burnout marshall kirkpatrick 12 Unique Gifts for the Hard-to-Shop-for People…last_img read more

Geo-Awareness & the Cloud

first_imgRelated Posts Tags:#Analysis#cloud 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market Just because your data is housed “in the cloud” doesn’t mean that earthbound geography can simply be ignored. And while the World Wide Web promises a global and ubiquitous technology, location still matters.Obviously, data is still housed in a particular place, even if that place is “in the cloud.” And while major cloud providers have data centers worldwide – often with locations across several sites in Asia, Europe, and North America – the specific location of these cloud centers as well as the location of the end-users remain important – and complicated. Already location is often used to help address performance: where someone resides can be used to determine which data center is utilized. Location can also be a factor to restrict or enable access in order to comply with certain export laws, blocking access to applications for residents of certain countries, for example. But in addition to questions of performance and of access, there can be substantial legal ramifications based on location as well. Different countries tend to have varying requirements and restrictions for the privacy and security of information stored there. Argentina and Germany have very restrictive privacy laws, for example, while Hong Kong and South Africa have minimal restrictions. Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… One of the promises of cloud technology is the ability to scale infinitely and on demand, but clearly location needs to be part of the equation – not just to ensure performance, but to ensure compliance with local laws.The relationship between location and the cloud has been the subject of several Forresterreports. And CloudSleuth offers a service so you can do your homework about cloud providers, geography, and performance. Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting audrey watterslast_img read more

PV Prices Are Finally Dropping

first_imgManufacturers Suffer, But Buyers RejoiceLOS ANGELES, Calif. — With dozens of new photovoltaic (PV) module factories churning out more panels than the market can absorb, PV prices are finally dropping.“A dramatic fall in the price of solar panels has made the clean power source a better deal than ever before, but solar manufacturers’ profits have dwindled, thanks to that rapid decline,” reports the Reuters News Service. “After hitting $4.20 a watt in the middle of 2008, solar panel prices have slid almost 30 percent to about $3 a watt, with research firm New Energy Finance predicting a further 20% drop this year.”According to John Segrich, an analyst for Gabelli & Company, this year’s worldwide demand for PV modules is estimated at 5,200 mW, while the 20 largest PV module manufacturers are expected to produce 7,000 mW this year. This oversupply is one reason why PV module manufacturers have seen their stock prices drop by 50% from recent peaks.PV prices are likely to continue dropping in months ahead. Renewable Energy World reported, “The cost of photovoltaic electricity is due to plummet in 2009, according to a new analysis by New Energy Finance. Its latest Silicon and Wafer Price Index shows average silicon contract prices falling by more than 30% in 2009 compared with 2008. . . . Furthermore, with thin-film PV module manufacturing costs approaching the $1/watt mark, crystalline silicon-based PV will come under severe competition for larger projects, resulting in margins shrinking throughout the silicon value chain, the company argues. . . . This may pressure crystalline silicon module manufacturers to reduce selling prices . . . $4/watt could drop to $2.60/watt by the end of 2009.”Of course, lower PV prices is good news for builders and homeowners, especially in light of the 30% federal tax credit for PV installations. “It’s a great thing,” Barclays Capital analyst Vishal Shah told Reuters. “The pain that we are seeing in the industry right now is going to manifest into stronger growth in 2010 because prices are so low.”last_img read more

Raglite: Innovative Lighting Kit or Hyped Accessory?

first_imgThe creators of Raglite have taken to crowdfunding to raise capital for their new fabric mounted LED light system.Raglite has been getting a lot of buzz on the ‘net since launching their recent Kickstarter campaign. Some of our favorite photo/video blogs have posted on it over the last few days: NoFilmSchool, PopPhoto, PetaPixel, SlashGear and FStoppers.Whereas each of these posts gives a general overview of the product and crowdfunding campaign, the comments on many of these posts show strong opinions from their readers. Some readers have brainstormed unique applications for the Raglite, while others are simply calling it “overpriced” and “a scam”.It is a simple concept: LED lighting that is ‘sewn’ onto a piece of fabric. The fabric backing means that it’s lightweight, flexible, portable, not heat generating and can be mounted on a variety of surfaces. We can see a ton of uses for this.But the Raglite’s price is the sticking point for many of these commenters – $75 for the small consumer accent light up to $2400 for the RagLite Cine, a ‘color accurate’ lighting panel for professional photo/video. The claim of 100% accuracy is a bold one – most professional lights only claim in the ballpark of 90% accuracy.If the Raglite is well built out of good materials and can stand up to it’s claims, we think it might be able to grab a unique spot in the market. However, if it’s poorly executed you could save your money and build a DIY version from eBay or Amazon parts…at a fraction of the cost.Check out Raglite on Kickstarter, where they’re well on their way to reaching the $25,000 goal.last_img read more

The Rise and Fall of the Account Manager

first_imgThe Account Manager is supposed to be responsible for making sure your client captures the value of using your products and services, and for helping to drive greater adoption. With that value recognized, the Account Manager can then introduce new offerings and create even greater value, bringing in the Account Executive to help create and capture these new opportunities. Well, in theory, this is what is supposed to happen.There is a reason that the Account Executive (supposed Hunter) is now the Account Manager (supposed Farmer) and the Account Manager is now Glorified Customer Service. The reason your Hunter isn’t hunting and your farmer isn’t farming is because each of them has taken one step down in responsibility. More accurately, they are pulled in that direction.When the customer service and operations teams can’t clean up the day-to-day challenges, maybe because the challenges are systemic, maybe because that team is disempowered, maybe because the Account Manager lacks trust in their operations team, maybe because the client has no trust in that team, or maybe because no one wants to engage in the conflict necessary to produce better results, the Account Manager steps in to solve those problems.Now, the Account Executive who ultimately owns the client, steps into their role of the Account Manager, trying to help the client with the existing problem and managing relationships without selling anything new, fearful of failing the client even further, and petrified of the pushback they expect from stakeholders who are already not happy.I’m just back from a day with the team at CEB, now Gartner, where they shared their latest research with me and a few other friends from the community. Their research shows that the strategies most companies believe will encourage revenue growth only end up causing members of the team that serves the client to do everything possible to retain the client–and nothing to actually grow the account.As I have written here and here, the best retention strategy is proactively creating greater value, from month to month, and quarter to quarter.Changing the Account Manager’s title to Client Success Manager (all the rage now) isn’t likely to clear up the lack of role clarity. It’s going to take a change in the overall strategy, and it’s going to require a clarity in roles–and a greater commitment to execution in each. Essential Reading! Get my 3rd book: Eat Their Lunch “The first ever playbook for B2B salespeople on how to win clients and customers who are already being serviced by your competition.” Buy Nowlast_img read more

Nehru Cup 2012: Underdogs Nepal hold India to draw

first_imgTheir pre-match billing as underdogs seemed to have spurred Nepal to give their all as they held India to a goalless draw in a Nehru Cup encounter on Tuesday.After rain forced a delay of 30 minutes, both sides went on the offensive but the stray attacks did not result in any goal.Nepal took control of the midfield early on and did not allow medios Mehtab Hossain and Lenny Rodrigues any space. Nepal earned four corners in the space of ten minutes and there was a close shave for the hosts in the 14th minute as Jagajit Shrestha’s corner created panic in the Indian defence.The ground conditions forced the Indians to resort to the long ball strategy and Sunil Chhetri was tightly marked by the Nepal defence.In the 19th minute, Chhetri tried an overhead-kick but the ball was cleared by Rohit Chand and that was his only attempt at goal in the first half.India got a free-kick just before halftime and Nepal’s Sandip Rai was shown a yellow card for an infringement. But Anthony Pereira failed to make use of the opportunity.Nepal’s display must have surprised India coach Wim Koevermans and he was forced to bring striker Robin Singh in place of winger Clifford Miranda, who failed to provide any spark to the Indian attack during his stay on the field.The second half started with India switching to the 4-4-2 formation with Koevermans hoping that the taller Robin would be able to unsettle the Nepalese defenders.advertisementAnthony Pereira, who had switched to the left wing, tested Nepal goalkeeper Kiran Chemjong for the first time in the second half but his shot was saved by the latter.Mehtab, however, found his bearings in the second half and in the 57th minute, found an overlapping Syed Rahim Nabi but his shot from 40 yards was easily collected by Chemjong.The Indians looked more composed in the second half but the through ball needed to pierce the rival defence was missing in the Indian players’ repertoire.Rodrigues was replaced by Jewel Raja in the 77th minute. Jewel’s introduction had an immediate effect as he made a fine run into the rival box as he dribbled past Sagar Thapa and shot a right-footer which was palmed out by Chemjong for a corner.India almost got the elusive goal from the corner but Chemjong somehow blocked Robin’s powerful left-footer.India upped the ante in the last ten minutes and Jewel was once again in the thick of the action. He found Chhetri near the box but the Indian skipper’s feeble shot was easily collected by Chemjong. In the 91st minute, Chhetri came close to breaking the deadlock but his shot went over the bar.In the dying moments of the game, India got a free-kick and Nepal’s Bikash Singh Chhetri was shown the red card for protesting.In the post match press conference, Koevermans said that Nepal played well in the first half but the slushy turf did not allow the players to play to their potential. “The conditions were difficult and it’s unfortunate that the matches have to be played on these conditions. But we can’t do anything about it,” he said.last_img read more