15. Learn how to be a cowboy (or girl)Ranch holidays in Argentina are incredibly popular. Fancy saddling up? Some of the best ranch resorts in Argentina can be found in Salta. One of our favourites is Estancia El Bordo de las Lanzas, a 400-year-old ranch where you can sign up for horseback explorations with local gauchos and celebrate your return with a traditional Argentinian barbecue. Estancia Dos Lunas in Córdoba is another popular Argentinian ranch resort – a beautiful property nestled in the Ongamira valley. It’s a rather luxurious affair, with a beautiful pool and a well-stocked wine cellar. 13. Go whale spottingWhen it comes to whale watching in Argentina, there’s only place to go – the Peninsular Valdez, regarded as one of the world’s best places for whale watching. Most travelers base themselves in the town of Puerto Madryn. A huge number of companies offer whale watching excursions, but if you’re lucky, you won’t even need to leave land – whales, especially female ones with calves in tow, can often be spotted from the shoreline. As for when to go whale watching in Argentina? Between June and December are the best times. During the earlier months, they’re most likely to be seen near the southern end of the Peninsular. 7. Dance the tangoTango is a religion in Argentina, and there are several different types of the dance, which dates back to the 1900s. In Buenos Aires, home to Argentina’s best tango clubs, a rhythmic style known as tango Canyengue in incredibly popular, while in more rural areas, you’re more likely to see tango Orillero, a style associated with larger venues and more space. As for the best places to watch the experts strut their stuff? In the Buenos Aires barrio of San Telmo, locals flock to the Plaza Dorrego to practise their dance moves every Sunday. If you’re serious about learning Argentina’s most important dance, consider signing up for a short course at the city’s Mente Argentina Tango School – in addition to your lessons, you’ll visit some of Buenos Aires’ best tango clubs. 2. Explore BarilocheFirst things first. Where is Bariloche? It’s a city tucked inside Nahuel Huapí National Park, perched on the shore of the lake the park is named after. It’s another huge destination for adventure seekers – the mountains which encircle the city attract some of the world’s top skiers (Cerro Catedral is one of Argentina’s most popular ski resorts) and in the summer, the trails are filled with hikers, cyclists and horse riders. And if you’re keen to chow down on some Argentinian cuisine, you’re in luck. Bariloche has some fantastic restaurants and is also known as Argentina’s chocolate capital, so expect plenty of the sweet stuff. 5. Take part in CarnivalIn Argentina, Carnival is an annual festival held on the days before Ash Wednesday. It’s celebrated across the country, although some of the liveliest events take place in Buenos Aires. However there are additional, smaller events held earlier in the year. For example, Los Carnavales de Corrientes takes place in Corrientes in January and February, and in Salta, Los Carnavales de Salta is celebrated from from mid-January until early February. Whichever carnival celebration you attend, expect wonderfully colourful, noisy parades, beautiful costumes and dancing ’til dawn.![Buenos Aires Carnival is held in February](https://content.skyscnr.com/bfb1bd77a3b0f7de50ad13632d3a829d/carnival.jpg “Buenos Aires Carnival”)6. Check out Iguazu FallsThe world’s largest waterfall is actually a three-kilometre-long chain of waterfalls, straddling the Brazil/Argentina border and surrounded by wildlife-packed rainforest – there are 2,000 species of plant in the area around the falls. The forests are also home to the opossum, the only marsupial outside Australia. And if you can’t bear to drag yourself away? There are plenty of hotels near Iguazu Falls, including the five-star Sheraton Internacional Iguazu Resort and the slightly cheaper Cataratas Hotel Iguazu Falls, where you’ll enjoy spectacular views over the water. 8. See a show at the Teatro ColónBuenos Aires’ Teatro Colón is one of the world’s finest opera houses. It’s said to have the best acoustics in the world – even the fabric used to cover the seats was checked to ensure it wouldn’t affect the acoustics, and Luciano Pavarotti was just one of the many world-renowned singers to have performed here. During the regular guided tours, you’ll hear all about its fascinating history and the theatre’s extravagant design. Keep an eye out for the enormous chandeliers (one of which weighs five tonnes) and the beautifully painted dome ceiling. 3. See the Iglesia San Francisco, SaltaThis beautiful church can be found in Salta, a city in mountainous northwestern Argentina. It’s a National Historic Monument which dates back to 1625, and it’s home to South America’s highest bell tower. The structure offers various nods to Italian architecture styles, and inside are several pieces of priceless artwork, including a sculpture by Alonso Cano, a seventeenth-century Spanish painter. Clamber to the top of the bell tower for spectacular views. And if you’ve got any energy left? Head to nearby San Bernardo Hill (and its 1,000 steps) to gaze over the valleys to the east of the city centre. 1. Raft, walk or cycle through the Rio NegroPart of Patagonia, the province of Rio Negro is hugely popular with adrenaline junkies. The western half is home to the forested valleys of the Andes and the beautiful Nahuel Huapí National Park, a veritable paradise when it comes to hiking in Argentina. The Negro River is one of Patagonia’s best white water rafting destinations, although there’s also plenty for those who like the finer things in life. Head to the region’s capital, Viedma, to relax in its riverfront cafés, or to Carmen de Patagones to admire the colonial buildings and pound the town’s cobbled streets. 10. Go for a hike in Tafí del VallePerched 2,000 metres above sea level, this beautiful hill town was traditionally a summer retreat for locals keen to avoid the searing heat of the warmer months. It’s one of Argentina’s most popular destinations for hiking. The landscape in incredibly varied; highlights include the snow-capped peaks of the Sierra del Aconquija and vast tracts of dense subtropical forest. There’s a range of accommodation options for all budgets, and the wide selection of guided tours covers everything from nearby wildlife hot-spots to archaeological sites.