You Can Now Watch 20 Hours of Video on Your Dell XPS 13

first_imgWhen comparing the 2017 Dell XPS 13 (9360) and the updated for 2018 Dell XPS 13 (9370) launched at CES, Windows Central said: “Best performance almost always means going with the new model, and the same appears true here.”But wait.Just because we launched a new XPS 13 doesn’t mean we stopped improving the performance of the previous one.In fact, we’ve been working with our partners at Intel to further optimize the battery life on the 2017 XPS 13 for a very specific use that will be welcomed by the ever-increasing number of people who watch video on their laptop.  Yes, we’re proud to say that we’re the first in the industry to reach 20 hours of battery life for local video playback.“Our engineering teams collaborated closely to creatively deploy features unique to our 8th Gen Intel Core processor and Dell’s system design in order to achieve exceptional battery life,” said Ahmed Omer, Global Director of Systems Engineering, Intel Corp. “The result is impressive – amazing battery life combined with the performance leap delivered by our 8th Gen Intel Core processors.”Since we launched the first XPS 13 in 2012, we’ve pushed laptop design and expanded the boundaries of what’s possible with beautiful bushed metals, carbon fiber, InfinityEdge screens and the new white woven fiber finish. But all that visible design can sometimes overshadow the innovation within.The belief that technology has always been about advancing human progress drives our approach to product design and innovation. The ability to binge high-quality video for even longer periods of time might be debatable human progress, but it was a challenge our engineering teams were ready to tackle.“Maximizing mobile platform battery life depends on reducing average system power.  Processing audio can be very CPU intensive, so by enabling hardware offloaded audio on the XPS 13, we’re allowing audio tasks to be moved from the CPU to a highly efficient, dedicated audio processor which maximizes power efficiency and improves battery life,” Senior Principal Performance Engineer Gary Lusk explained to me. “Additionally, we enabled a new feature in Intel’s graphics driver called NV12 which reduces power consumption even further.”I tried to dig a little deeper into what NV12 was, and let’s just say it gets really technical. Luckily, enabling these features on your XPS 13 (9360) is not that technical. All you need to do is:update the audio driver to 6.0.1.8245 (Dell version A09 or later) andupdate the graphics driver to 22.20.16.4836 (Dell version A12 or later)Both of these are available today on the Dell Support site. Future customers will find these updates already integrated into their new systems.While the 20 hours1 of video playback milestone is not based on me binging every episode of Black Mirror back-to-back (which would actually only take 18 hours and nine minutes), these enhancements will help Netflix streaming through the Netflix Win10 app.Lusk also said it might be worth mentioning that not every audio or video player supports these new optimizations. Our teams used Media Engine based playback applications, such as the built in Windows 10 Movies & TV player, for analysis of battery life.“And in case you’re wondering, we’ve also implemented these same features on the 2018 XPS 13 9370,” Lusk said. “We can’t claim 20 hours yet, because the 2018 version has a physically smaller battery, but we’re working on it!”1Local video playback test was conducted in March, 2018 on the XPS 13 9360 with 8th Gen Intel Core i8550U, 8GB RAM, 256GB SSD, FHD display and Windows 10 Fall Creator’s Update at 38% brightness and 50% system volume. Maximum battery life will decrease with time.last_img read more

Cyprus Orthodox Church to restore historic homes amid outcry

first_imgNICOSIA, Cyprus (AP) — The head of Cyprus’ Orthodox Church has pledged to rebuild a row of historic homes that were partially demolished next to an under-construction cathedral amid a public outcry over what government officials described as an “unlawful” action. The office of Archbishop Chrysostomos II told The Associated Press on Wednesday that that the archbishop dispatched a letter to Nicosia municipal authorities promising to restore the church-owned homes to their original state. But both the Cyprus Interior Ministry and Nicosia Municipal authorities said the owner was obligated by law to restore the early 20th-century homes to their former glory.last_img read more

Class of 2010 facing hard decisions

first_imgIn light of the struggling economy, seniors are facing choices for their future as graduation nears.Kevin Monahan, associate director of the Career Center, said the job market is improving.“A number of students and employers have reported job acceptances for the class of 2010.The job market continues to be challenging, but not impossible,” Monahan said.Monahan said job opportunities are still available.“We currently are running a virtual fair through the Go IRISH system and there are close to 200 jobs and internships associated with the fair,” Monahan said. “There are museum, film, finance, marketing, nonprofit, engineering and government jobs and internships associated with the fair.”When it comes to choosing graduate school or the workforce, Monahan said future career goals should be the driving force behind a student’s decision.“The Career Center would encourage any senior who is still in the midst of a career search to schedule an appointment to come into the office, learn about available resources and create a game plan for success,” Monahan said.Another career option for graduating seniors include graduate school. According to the Pew Research Center, the “millennial” generation is the most educated generation in American history. The education boom accelerated with increased college and community college enrollment because of the lack of jobs.Among 18- to 24-year-olds, 39.6 percent were enrolled in college as of 2008, according to Pew.“Graduate school attendance seems to be increasing,” said Nyrée McDonald, associate dean for Recruitment and Admissions to the Notre Dame Graduate School. “The Notre Dame applicant pool grew by 17 percent for the Fall 2010 admissions season.”McDonald said she encourages students to talk to faculty members because they are the best resource to learn how to apply to their fields and graduate schools.“I talked with a small group of Notre Dame undergraduates about graduate school. My advice is to have research experience before you apply to graduate school,” McDonald said. “Take each component of the application seriously and write to your audience, they are tenure track faculty members who love what they do. You need to convince them that you love it too.”According to McDonald, 116 Notre Dame undergraduate students applied to the Graduate School for Fall 2010.Dan Lindley, an associate professor with the Department of Political Science and the director for the Center for Undergraduate Scholarly Engagement (CUSE), said fellowships can help pay for post-graduate degrees, but also for research, teaching and other purposes.“Recently we have won some top fellowships for the very first time for Notre Dame,” Lindley said. “We haven’t had a Rhodes [scholar] in a while. Our Fulbright win rate is above the national average.”Lindley said the Gates and Churchill fellowships were won within the past few years for the first time in Notre Dame history.“What I hear from my colleagues at other universities is the national trend [for fellowships] is going up,” Roberta Jordan, assistant director for National Fellowships at CUSE, said.Jordan said Notre Dame’s statistics are staying consistent, though.“Many of the [fellowship] programs are cutting back the number of slots,” Jordan said. “With the number of applications up and the lower number of awards available, there’s an increase in competition.”last_img read more

SMC holds leadership conference

first_imgThe Center for Women’s Intercultural Leadership (CWIL) Conference will take place this weekend at Saint Mary’s College. “This year’s conference focuses on the themes of leadership, women, intercultural studies and the intersection between them,” said Mana Derakhshani, a College faculty member helping to organize the conference. These ideas will be explored at the conference through various speakers, roundtable discussions, panels and workshops. The conference is hosted by the Center for Women’s Intercultural Studies and will start today and continue through Saturday. Beverly Tatum, president of Spellman College, a historically black college for women, will be the keynote speaker. She will give a presentation entitled “Educating Tomorrow’s Global Women Leaders” tonight at 7:30 p.m. in the O’Laughlin Auditorium. Tatum has made a career out of women’s education, written several books and is an expert on race and identity, Derakhshani said. “She epitomizes in many ways the various themes of the conference”, she said. Derakhshani emphasized how the CWIL Conference’s themes related to everyday life. “Some of the presenters and most of the participants are not professors or academia. They bring together theory and practice,” she said. “The conference is a place to share ideas, to learn about innovative projects and theories or how people are dealing with these issues in research and practice.” She encouraged students to attend the conference. For more information, visit the CWIL website at http://www.centerforwomeninleadership.org/research-and-scholarship/cwil-conference-2010/schedule-a-glance.last_img read more

Professor connects justice, Islamic law states

first_imgThe relationship between Islamic law states and the nternational courts of justice is one that international relations scholars have attempted to understand in order to promote more peaceful conflict resolution, especially over the past decade.Emilia Powell, assistant professor of Political Science, presented her research in a lecture titled  “Islamic law states and the peaceful resolution of territorial disputes,” which covered both the characteristics of Islamic law states and how they accept decisions from international courts of law.“There are many ways in which I try to capture how much Islamic law is incorporated in the official legal system [of Islamic states],” Powell said.Powell defined an Islamic law state as a “state whose official law system incorporates Islamic or Shari’a principles.”Powell said factors included in categorizing a country as an Islamic law state include reference to Shari’a — the moral code and religious law of Islam, reference to Holy Oath — the method of faithfulness to Allah required of public officials, the presence of Shari’a in educational systems and how religious principles have shaped state law.She said the character of the education system is particularly indicative of a given state being an Islamic law state.“To me, if education in Islamic law states is based very strongly on Shari’a, it means that the country is more likely to be traditionally Islamic, because education in schools is the main venue through which legal traditions carry through,” she said.Powell’s work centered on historical analysis of Islamic constitutions dating from 1945 to the present. The research included analysis of over seventy constitutions and several qualitative in-depth interviews with Islamic law scholars about the history and substance of law and the Islamic legal system. With this data, she identified over 25 countries where Islamic law or Shari’a is present, including Egypt, Malaysia, and Qatar among others.Powell’s findings suggest Islamic law states that incorporated fewer principles from international courts and presented more traditional elements of Islamic law were less likely to agree with or accept decisions made by the International legal system.“Islamic law states feel slightly uncomfortable with international law,” Powell said.Powell’s lecture highlighted how International courts of justice tend to misjudge Islamic law states and how little mention they give Islamic law.“International courts rarely mention Islamic law,” she said. “When they do, it is mentioned in a negative light.”Powell said, though Islamic law states are apprehensive about international courts of law, they are open to agreements when their legal system is mentioned more positively.“Islamic law states are different from each other. You cannot say that they all act in a certain way,” she said. “However, in international relations scholarship, what I often saw was ‘no, all Islamic law states act the same.’”Powell said her research aimed at helping people notice variation in Islamic law states and contributing to strategies of conflict resolution.“This research can help bring more peaceful conflict resolution in Islamic law states,” Powell said.Tags: Emilia Powell, International Courts, Islam, Islamic law, Shari’alast_img read more

Saint Mary’s seniors celebrate last week on campus

first_imgErin Rice At Saint Mary’s, Senior Week activities sought to commemorate the tradition and rich sisterhood of the College.Vice president of the senior class Lauren Osmanski said the week kicked off May 8 with a Yacht Dance in Chicago. The Yacht Dance was a new addition this year because the senior class raised a surplus of money, she said.After the dance, official events resumed Monday with an alumnae brunch at 11 a.m. in Noble Family Dining Hall. Later in the afternoon, seniors departed for Chicago again to attend a Chicago Cubs baseball game.Osmanski said the senior week activities incorporated some new events and some traditional ones to help seniors say goodbye to the College.“I hope that the students can end Senior Week believing that they were able to give Saint Mary’s a proper goodbye,” she said. “Our Senior Week is designed to bring the seniors to campus and visit all best spots on campus and just enjoy the campus as students before they leave.”Wednesday, Osmanski and the senior class council planned a scavenger hunt on Library Green and field day activities on Dalloway’s Green, ending the evening with karaoke in Rice Commons.Seniors were able to leave a physical mark on campus with handprint painting in the Le Mans tunnel Thursday.“Every Saint Mary’s student has walked through that tunnel, and placing our handprints in the tunnel is a great way to leave Saint Mary’s knowing that we are leaving something behind,” Osmanski said.The Le Mans Bell Tower was open for seniors to explore Thursday from 12 p.m. to 2 p.m., and the Opening of the Circle ceremony began at 3 p.m. Closing of the Circle happens during first-year orientation, and Opening of the Circle signifies the way students are sent forth from Saint Mary’s campus and into the world beyond after graduation, Osmanski saidThis year at the Opening of the Circle ceremony seniors will be presented with letters written during the Senior Letter Writing Project, Osmanski said.The Senior Letter Writing Project is a new tradition Osmanski said she hopes will carry on to the future. The project has allowed students, faculty and family members of the class of 2015 to write letters to individuals in the graduating class.Senior class president Tori Wilbraham said the project began as a way for members of the senior class to show gratitude to one another and to the Saint Mary’s community.“Our hope is that the Saint Mary’s community will take a few minutes to say thank you to one another for their presence and influence during their time at Saint Mary’s,” Wilbraham said. “I think writing letters is such a beautiful way to preserve a feeling or relationship.”Senior Nora Clougherty participated in the project and wrote letters to her peers.“I have written letters to all of my friends who have impacted my life, even if it was a small memory we shared,” Clougherty said. “It has been so great to relive memories and let people know the impact they have made in my own life.”Clougherty said she also hopes other classes adopt the letter writing project as part of their Senior Week festivities.“This project is a great way for friends, family or professors to let the seniors know what a big impact they have made or to let a senior know how much they mean to them,” she said.Tags: Commencement 2015, saint mary’s, Senior Letter Writing Project, Senior Weeklast_img read more

Organization awards sustainability prize

first_imgOne project developed a plant for processing cassava on-the-go. The other created a scorecard for assessing resilience to climate disasters.Both are recipients of the 2015 Corporate Adaptation Prize, an annual award presented by the Notre Dame Global Adaptation Index (ND-GAIN). ND-GAIN is best known for an index that ranks countries in order of their vulnerability to the negative effects of climate change.“Our mission is really to increase the world’s awareness about the need to adapt in order to inform investments in both the private and development sector to improve livelihood in the face of climate change,” Joyce Coffee, managing director of ND-GAIN, said.The prize, which ND-GAIN awarded to two recipients at an event in New York City on Wednesday, focuses on corporations making a difference in the world of “climate adaptation,” according to Coffee.“The reason why we have the award in the first place is that frankly, not until very recently was it possible to walk into a room and say the words ‘climate adaptation’ and have anyone know what you meant,” Coffee said. “We’re really celebrating climate adaptation as a method for corporations to serve their triple bottom line: the value of their corporation to their shareholders, the value of their corporation to the world and the value of their corporation to the environment.”The Dutch Agricultural Development and Trading Company (DADTCO), a Netherlands-based corporation, received the prize for developing a mobile plant that allows them to process cassava close to local farmers, according to a DADTCO press release.“The technology we have is mobile so we can go close to the farmers, and we can make sure that the same day, the cassava roots are processed,” Renske Franken, a member of the enterprise development team at DADTCO, said.Franken said this mobility is key, as cassava’s high perishability makes it difficult to ship long distances. While reducing transportation costs and emissions, the mobile plant also makes way for cassava — an important climate adaptation crop because of its ability to survive in poor weather conditions — to play a bigger part in local markets.“We say we want to start the cassava revolution,” Franken said. “It shouldn’t be neglected any more as it has been.”“It’s helping to build an economy, and whenever you build an economy, you definitely see an increased resistance to any kind of shock, including climate shock,” Coffee said.Coffee said the cassava mobile plants will be implemented in other industries as well.“The starch from cassava is used for a variety of things, including for beer,” Coffee said. “So this is our first craft beer adaptation project we can think of.”The second innovation recognized grew out of a partnership between engineering firm AECOM and technology leader IBM. The two companies worked together, for free, to develop a disaster resilience scorecard for the United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR). The scorecard, which Coffee says looks to identify the “biggest risks” for a city, focuses on 85 different resilience criteria that cover aspects such as infrastructure, environment and recovery. “It’s not just that you create a scorecard; the scorecard helps you prioritize your investments, so that in an era of limited resources, you have a scorecard that tells you where you’re going to be able to optimize your infrastructure investment or your human investment,” Coffee said. Award submissions must be based in a country that ranks below 60 (out of 180) on the Global Adaptation Index, Coffee said. Additionally, the project must have some kind of corporate background.“We need to see a corporate lead because we are trying to prove that corporations gain benefits from being climate adaptation leaders,” Coffee said.Once submitted, a panel of judges — including members of ND-GAIN and judges from outside institutions like PepsiCo and the Catholic Relief Services — reviewed the projects before reaching a final decision.Ultimately, Coffee said, the Corporate Adaptation Prize fits into the University’s larger mission of social justice.“There’s a new risk that cuts across all sectors and all communities,” she said. “It’s disproportionately felt by the poor, and we need to be sure that leaders of every sector are aware of the risks and the opportunities presented to this new global era.”Tags: AECOM, climate adaption, Climate change, corporate adaption prize, DADTCO, IBM, ND Gainlast_img read more

Cervelli wraps up first year in office

first_imgSaint Mary’s President Jan Cervelli looks back on her first year with fondness.“It has been one of the most wonderful years of my life,” Cervelli said. “I am doing the most important work of my life.”Cervelli, a South Bend native, took over as president on June 1.“I have discovered a community that is unlike any other I’ve been part of, and I say that from a professional, a personal and a faith perspective,” she said. “I have fallen in love with the Belles here. … I’ve never been so inspired by students.”Cervelli, along with the presidents of Notre Dame and Holy Cross, signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU), which allows for the three institutions to share information regarding sexual assault on all three campuses, she said.“That’s a very important first step — the Memorandum of Understanding — in establishing a level of cooperation that helps us, one, to provide support to students in the event of an unfortunate act of sexual violence,” she said. “Meaning that we have agreed to share information about incidences to where, if an incidence happens to a Saint Mary’s student on Notre Dame’s campus, we can have better knowledge of what took place and what kind of healthcare, or counseling or pastoral care we can provide much more quickly than in the past.“It’s really important that we provide the kind of support that encourages students to report incidences. Otherwise, without that information, it is difficult for us to learn better around prevention strategies. … Knowing when and where — sometimes why — we are able to better educate our students.”Cervelli began a “listening tour” when she first came to the College. As part of that tour, Cervelli has travelled to different events across the country to meet with alumnae and discuss their experiences at Saint Mary’s, she said.“Their experiences help us weave a picture of what is really special about Saint Mary’s and the Saint Mary’s experience,” she said. “I’ve learned that this is no four-year degree experience. This is Saint Mary’s for life when you come to Saint Mary’s, and the sisterhood is phenomenal. They are there for their sisters unlike anybody I have seen.”Cervelli, who is passionate about sustainability, said she is in planning mode for expanding sustainability at the College. She said she is working on developing an environmental studies major, which she envisions as an interdisciplinary degree.Saint Mary’s is already working on expanding its graduate program opportunities, including the early development of a master’s in social work, she said. In addition to graduate programs, Cervelli also said the College’s study abroad options are being improved.“We’re finding with international studies — with some of the chaos in the world and some of the terrorist activities — we’re having to shift a little bit based on people’s concerns about going to certain places,” she said. “We’re trying to look at where is the best place for students to learn and what is the safest place.”A group of students proposed a plan for an “Adulting 101” class, which Cervelli said she accepted and will work to implement.“I think the idea is fantastic,” she said. “What I heard from the students is that we need to help prepare our graduates to enter into the world in general, and colleges and universities overlooked the challenges that graduates face.”The class will span many topics, including how to set up a financial plan as well as how to negotiate salaries, Cervelli said.“While one course is the initial goal, these are conversations I’d like to see all the way back to first year when you first come in, because you are negotiating internships well before you graduate,” she said. “Any kind of those experiences, we want to best position our Belles so that we’re like a force.”Cervelli said she is proud of the political activism that Saint Mary’s students have embraced — both on campus and in South Bend — especially because of the mutual respect that students have for each other, even when disagreeing on issues.“This has been an extraordinary year to get to know the students, with a lot of the chaos and the divisiveness that came out of the election and political decisions,” she said. “The love of our students for each other, the courage of our students to take on issues of immigration and social justice and to stand up for all Belles, the call for mutual respect and mutual understanding and the demands for civil discourse and wanting to learn how to talk to each other are amazing. As hard as this year has been in many respects, I would not have chosen a different year, because I think it has revealed the real deep character.”Cervelli said the best part of her first year was her overnight stay in Le Mans Hall.“It was so meaningful to me in so many ways,” she said. “Just to see students relaxing, and having fun, and kicking back first and just talking about what it’s like living in a dorm. Just having girl talk and talking about dreams and plans and just laughing a little bit together. I did get to see how much women love Le Mans and why. … I was just so warmly received, and it was just great.”Cervelli said she could not have hoped for a better first year as a “freshman president.”“I came here for the students, and you guys have just so exceeded anything that I anticipated,” she said.Tags: Commencement 2017, Jan Cervelli, Le Mans Hall, MOU, SMC study abroadlast_img read more

College of Science assistant dean dies unexpectedly at age 61

first_imgAssistant dean for faculty affairs and special projects in the College of Science Clarence “Earl” Carter died in his home Thursday, Notre Dame announced in a press release Monday. He was 61.Carter was hired in 2011 as a professor of naval science and commanding officer for the Naval Reserve Officer Training Corps Unit after a career in the United States Navy.“During his 32-year naval career, Carter was a submariner whose career highlights included serving as commanding officer of the nuclear-powered submarine USS Scranton, leading its crew on the first mission to the North Pole by a Los Angeles Class submarine, and later serving as commander of Submarine Squadron Eight, comprising 10 fast-attack submarines and their crews,” the press release said. He then became an assistant dean in 2013, where he assisted with the college’s strategic planning and coordinated special events.From 2013 to 2015 Carter served as the interim managing director for the Notre Dame Haiti Program — an organization working toward eliminating lymphatic filariasis, a leading cause of disability in the world.Mary Galvin, the William K. Warren Foundation Dean of the College of Science, said in the press release that Carter was known for his faith, kindness and generosity.“His compassion was evident through his interactions with faculty, staff and students, and he had a way of listening and advising that solved many problems and healed wounds,” Galvin said. Carter is survived by his wife Lea, his two daughters Alora and Ciera, his son Joseph and his sister Kathryn Carter.Tags: College of Science, Notre Dame Haiti Program, Reserve Officer Training Corps, United States Navylast_img read more

Student Diversity Board’s speaker series kicks off with mental health awareness discussion

first_imgSaint Mary’s Student Diversity Board (SDB) held its first installment of its annual speaker series Thursday with guest speakers senior Brianna Kinyanjui and alumna Hannah Simpson. Their interview about mental health and stigmas was pre-recorded and presented in Stapleton Lounge.Kinyanjui said discussion is key in reducing stereotypes about student mental health.“This event highlights the ways in which mental health really impacts us all,” she said. “As college students, most of us are already on a pretty rigorous schedule. When you add in clubs, athletics, jobs and social life on top of that, it’s pretty easy to assume that many students may struggle to balance everything all the time. It’s important to realize that everyone has their own mental health journey, and no one’s is better than anyone else’s. I think we really made sure to emphasize that with our talk.”Simpson said the talk focused on inclusivity of all experiences. “[The interview addressed] important topics from different angles,” she said. “Sometimes we tend to shy away from the hard topics such as mental health in the BIPOC communities, but it is important we have these conversations to uplift and validate others and start working towards raising awareness in these communities.”Both Belles discussed their experience with mental health during their time at Saint Mary’s and shared examples of resources students can utilize to get the support they need. Kinyanjui created a club called Active Minds with the express purpose of providing students with support for mental health problems. She and Simpson also discussed the new telehealth resource SMC Care. While neither have personally experienced the service, they promoted it by acknowledging how it has helped their friends. SMC Care was created as an additional resource to counselors at the Health and Counseling Center because the demand for counselors is very high and students who need help aren’t always able to get an appointment, Kinyanjui said.Simpson said that even when counselors are unavailable, it is always important to reach out to someone and not internalize suffering. Simpson added that other resources, such as professors, friends and administration are good to take advantage of during students’ time at the College. She referenced individuals such as Student Success program director Diane Fox, dean of student academic services Karen Chambers and her own professors as important people who helped her structure her classes and assignments in a manageable way so she could focus on her mental health and not get behind or overwhelmed.Simpson also gave self-care tips regarding social media usage.“Take time for yourself,” she said. “Take a break from social media unapologetically. You don’t owe anyone an explanation. You deserve a couple moments to yourself.” Kinyanjui suggested using personal apps such as Head Space to keep track of mental health and learn to understand why some days are worse than others, which is useful in later learning how to avoid things that may unnecessarily make life harder. “I hope students understand that it’s important to be kind to yourself, especially during this time where everyone is probably very burnt out and we’ve still got some weeks to go,” Kinyanjui said. “Give yourself grace, and reach out to others when you’re not feeling the greatest. Also, stop telling yourself that others have it worse or harder than you; everyone’s journey is different, and all of them are valid.”Event attendee and senior Fran Monsisvais said she feels SBD’s speaker series is important because it educates students on how issues impact those with a variety of backgrounds.“Not everyone comes from the same background nor do people understand that,” she said. “It’s problematic to assume everyone starts at the same point and everyone is going to have the same ‘college experience.’ We’re in a day and age where diversity and inclusion are just the beginning. It’s no longer about adding minorities into the mix, but now we’re educated and being educated on why it’s the right thing to do.”Tags: mental health awareness, speaker series, Student Diversity Boardlast_img read more